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Diet Pregnancy.ppt
 

Diet Pregnancy.ppt

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    Diet Pregnancy.ppt Diet Pregnancy.ppt Presentation Transcript

    • DIET FOR PREGNANT WOMEN
    • BALANCED DIET
      • Plan menu taking into consideration appearance, texture, flavor and overall acceptability.
      • Calories up to 55 to 66 percent to be provided through complex carbohydrates.
      • Sprouted grams and malted cereals to be included to improve digestibility and protein quality.
      • Foods prepared preferably by pressure cooking, steaming, boiling or mild baking helps to retain nutrients and break monotony.
      • Take Satvik diet, simple wholesome & vegetarian.
    • 1. Proteins 2. Carbohydrates 3. Fat 4. Vitamins, Minerals, Micronutrients, & Antioxidants 4 GROUPS OF FOOD
    • BALANCED DIET RICE,WHEAT,RAGI,JAVAR ETC LEGUMES & PULSES VEGETABLES & FRUITS SUGAR FATS & OILS MILK & MILK PRODUCTS
    • 300 TO 400 GRAMS OF CEREALS LIKE RICE, WHEAT, RAGI, JOVAR 300 TO 400 Gms OF VEGETABLES 100 Gms OF FRUITS 300 ML OF MILK & MP 60 gms OF PULSES 20-25 gms OF SUGAR FOOD PYRAMID 10-15 gms FATS & OILS
    • 3 Kinds of Food
      • Energy giving
      • Building and repairing
      • Protecting against infection
    • CAUSES FOR MALNUTRITION
      • IGNORANCE
      • POVERTY
      • UNSCIENTIFIC CUSTOMS
    • Banana & orange …….. FALSE NOTION: May cause abortion & respiratory problems. Contains vitamin—A, C and iron. Brinjal & green vegetables …….. FALSE NOTION: May cause diarrhea, allergy & skin marks Contains vitamin A, proteins and iron MISCONCEPTIONS
    • Dhals FALSE NOTION: May cause arthritis and gas formation which may affect the baby Contains abundant proteins
    • SATTVIC FOOD YOGA FOOD YOGA CONCEPT OF DIET
      • Vegetarian—Dhal, wheat, rice, ragi, sprouts, nuts, fruits, milk and curds
      • Minimal spices
      • Minimal fats—Moderate quantity
      • Served with good heart
    • BITTER SOUR SALINE STEAMING HOT PUNGENT DRY BURNING RAJASIK FOOD
    • • Old food • Devoid of taste • Foul smelling TAMASIK FOOD • Stale • Left overs • Impure food
    •  
    • ADDITIONAL FOOD
      • Pregnancy is physiologically and nutritionally a highly demanding period. Extra food is required to satisfy the needs of the fetus.
      • A woman prepares herself to meet the nutritional demands by increasing her own body fat deposits.
      • Daily diet of a woman should contain an additional 300 calories; 15 g of protein; 10 g of fat from mid-pregnancy
    • FOLIC ACID
      • Reduces the risk of congenital malformations
      • Increases birth weight
      IRON
      • High demands of erythropoiesis (RBC formation)
      IODINE
      • Ensures proper mental health of the growing fetus and infant
      Important Nutrients
    • VITAMINS
      • Required during lactation to improve child survival.
      CALCIUM
      • Proper formation of bones and teeth of the offspring.
      • Secretion of breast milk rich in calcium
      • Prevents osteoporosis in the mother
      • Maximum amount of energy (about 60%) from rice, wheat and millets.
      • Cooking oil is a concentrated source of both energy and polyunsaturated fatty acids.
      • Good quality protein is derived from milk and eggs. However, a proper combination of cereals, pulses and nuts also provides adequate proteins.
      • Mineral and vitamin requirements are met by consuming a variety of seasonal vegetables particularly green leafy vegetables, mils and fresh fruits.
      • Bioavailability of iron can be improved by using fermented and sprouted grams and foods rich in vitamin C such as citrus fruits.
      • 6. Milk is the best source of biologically available calcium.
    • ADDITIONAL CARE
      • Periodic health check-up
      • Blood pressure
      • Hemoglobin
      • Receive tetanus toxoid
      • Physical exercise
      • Rest for 2-3 hours during the day.
    • Craving for Certain Foods (Pica)
      • Pickles
      • Ice-cream
      • Chocolate
      • sour foods
      • Tamarind
      • Jaggery
    • Things to be Avoided During Pregnancy
      • • Caffeine
      • • Drugs
      • • Cigarettes
      • • Alcohol
    • Thank You