Families that do have genetic defects in one of two genes, breast cancer gene 1 (BRCA1) or breast cancer gene 2 (BRCA2), have a much greater risk of developing both breast and ovarian cancer.
Other inherited mutations – including the ataxia-telangiectasia mutation gene, the cell-cycle checkpoint kinase 2 (CHEK-2) gene and the p53 tumor suppressor gene – also make it more likely that will develop breast cancer.
If one of these genes is present in the family, will have a 50 percent chance of having the gene.
Yet most genetic mutations related to breast cancer aren't inherited.
These acquired mutations may result from radiation exposure – women treated with chest radiation therapy for lymphoma in childhood or during adolescence when breasts are developing have a significantly higher incidence of breast cancer than do women not exposed to radiation.
Mutations may also develop as a result of exposure to cancer-causing chemicals, such as the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons found in tobacco and charred red meats.
Screening – looking for evidence of disease before signs or symptoms appear – is the key to finding breast cancer in its early, treatable stages. Depending on age and risk factors, screening may include breast self-examination, examination by nurse or doctor, mammograms (mammography) or other tests.
Self breast examination is an option beginning at age 20.
Retinoids - Natural or synthetic forms of vit-A have the ability to destroy the growth of cancer cells. Effective in premenopausal women and in those whose tumors aren't estrogen positive.
Flaxseed – High in lignan, a naturally occurring compound that lowers circulating estrogens in the body. Decreases estrogen production – acts like tamoxifen – inhibit the growth of breast cancer tumors. Lignans are also antioxidants with weak estrogen-like characteristics. These characteristics may be the mechanism by which flaxseed works to decrease hot flushes.
Once the cause of the discharge is diagnosed and treated, she should no longer have the discharge. However, if pituitary tumor is present, may need long-term treatment with bromocriptine or radiation because the tumor could come back.
Take drugs as prescribed.
If the galactorrhea is mild and a cause cannot be found, breast binders can help stop the discharge by preventing stimulation of the nipples.
Immediate – following symptoms additional to sore nipples: chills, fever, headache, flu-like symptoms, or pain or redness in the breast.
OB/GYN – Nipples sting or burn and have shooting pains in the breast, especially after nursing. Nipple pain keeps from nursing long enough to trigger let-down reflex.
Pediatrician – baby unsatisfied after most nursings. Baby may not be satisfied because milk supply is low or baby is not emptying breasts. Nipples – yeast infection, see white patches in the baby's mouth, or baby has had a diaper rash for 3 or more days.