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Chronic kidney disease

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Slides for education about CKD to general Public

Slides for education about CKD to general Public

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine

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  • 1. Dr. Sandeep G. HuilgolMBBS., DNB (Int.Med)., MMedSci(Nephro)CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE
  • 2.  KIDNEY FAILURE URINARY TRACT INFECTION KIDNEY STONE KIDNEY CANCER
  • 3. Outline of DiscussionKidneys…??Why are Kidneys important for us?Why should care for our kidneys?What are the potentially preventable causes ofchronic kidney failure ?Take home messages
  • 4. Kidneys…..???
  • 5. Normal Kidneys And Bladder
  • 6. Why are Kidneys important for us? Kidneys filter all the waste and excess fluid from ourbody. Regulate the Blood pressure. Involved in maintaining the concentration of theelectrolyte (Na, K, Mg, etc). Helps in production of blood. Normal growth of bones of our body
  • 7. Why should care for our kidneys?“Prevention is better than cure when it comes tokidney failure as well”. Help available ??? i.e. No. of experts Cost involved?? Infections??
  • 8. Indian Society of Nephrology-around 900membersOne nephrologist for every 70-80 lakhs !!This ratio will worsen with time….Kidney Disease In India
  • 9. Kidney Disease In India Well-equipped hospitals with facilities for treatmentof kidney disease, reside in the big cities. But - 70% of the population are in the smaller townsand villages.
  • 10. Symptoms of kidney failure Asymptomatic Weakness Breathing difficulty Swelling (Face and/or Legs) Anorexia
  • 11. Kidney Failure Acute Kidney Failure Chronic Kidney Failure
  • 12. Acute kidney failure Dehydration (vomiting, diarrhea) Infection DrugsPain killers, Antibiotics
  • 13. Chronic kidney failure Diabetes Mellitus Hypertension Primary Glomerular Disease
  • 14. Each year 1,50,000 pt needs dialysis15,000 pt will be initiated on dialysis20%will die60%drop out20% willcontinue
  • 15. Take Home messages Screening for kidney failure Tight control of blood sugar Tight control of blood pressure Avoid self medications Do not neglect seemingly minor infections
  • 16. HAEMODIALYSIS
  • 17. Patient undergoing Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD)
  • 18. Haemodialysis Can be through aCentral VenousCatheter AV ShuntOR Through a Arterio –Venous Fistula Sythetic Graft
  • 19. Synthetic Graft
  • 20. A BBlood pumpTrip chamber
  • 21. Transplanted Kidney
  • 22. Questions???
  • 23. Thank you

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