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Chronic kidney disease
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Chronic kidney disease

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Slides for education about CKD to general Public

Slides for education about CKD to general Public

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Chronic kidney disease Chronic kidney disease Presentation Transcript

  • Dr. Sandeep G. HuilgolMBBS., DNB (Int.Med)., MMedSci(Nephro)CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE
  •  KIDNEY FAILURE URINARY TRACT INFECTION KIDNEY STONE KIDNEY CANCER
  • Outline of DiscussionKidneys…??Why are Kidneys important for us?Why should care for our kidneys?What are the potentially preventable causes ofchronic kidney failure ?Take home messages
  • Kidneys…..???
  • Normal Kidneys And Bladder
  • Why are Kidneys important for us? Kidneys filter all the waste and excess fluid from ourbody. Regulate the Blood pressure. Involved in maintaining the concentration of theelectrolyte (Na, K, Mg, etc). Helps in production of blood. Normal growth of bones of our body
  • Why should care for our kidneys?“Prevention is better than cure when it comes tokidney failure as well”. Help available ??? i.e. No. of experts Cost involved?? Infections??
  • Indian Society of Nephrology-around 900membersOne nephrologist for every 70-80 lakhs !!This ratio will worsen with time….Kidney Disease In India
  • Kidney Disease In India Well-equipped hospitals with facilities for treatmentof kidney disease, reside in the big cities. But - 70% of the population are in the smaller townsand villages.
  • Symptoms of kidney failure Asymptomatic Weakness Breathing difficulty Swelling (Face and/or Legs) Anorexia
  • Kidney Failure Acute Kidney Failure Chronic Kidney Failure
  • Acute kidney failure Dehydration (vomiting, diarrhea) Infection DrugsPain killers, Antibiotics
  • Chronic kidney failure Diabetes Mellitus Hypertension Primary Glomerular Disease
  • Each year 1,50,000 pt needs dialysis15,000 pt will be initiated on dialysis20%will die60%drop out20% willcontinue
  • Take Home messages Screening for kidney failure Tight control of blood sugar Tight control of blood pressure Avoid self medications Do not neglect seemingly minor infections
  • HAEMODIALYSIS
  • Patient undergoing Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD)
  • Haemodialysis Can be through aCentral VenousCatheter AV ShuntOR Through a Arterio –Venous Fistula Sythetic Graft
  • Synthetic Graft
  • A BBlood pumpTrip chamber
  • Transplanted Kidney
  • Questions???
  • Thank you