Dr. Sandeep G. HuilgolMBBS., DNB (Int.Med)., MMedSci(Nephro)CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE
 KIDNEY FAILURE URINARY TRACT INFECTION KIDNEY STONE KIDNEY CANCER
Outline of DiscussionKidneys…??Why are Kidneys important for us?Why should care for our kidneys?What are the potential...
Kidneys…..???
Normal Kidneys And Bladder
Why are Kidneys important for us? Kidneys filter all the waste and excess fluid from ourbody. Regulate the Blood pressur...
Why should care for our kidneys?“Prevention is better than cure when it comes tokidney failure as well”. Help available ?...
Indian Society of Nephrology-around 900membersOne nephrologist for every 70-80 lakhs !!This ratio will worsen with time….K...
Kidney Disease In India Well-equipped hospitals with facilities for treatmentof kidney disease, reside in the big cities....
Symptoms of kidney failure Asymptomatic Weakness Breathing difficulty Swelling (Face and/or Legs) Anorexia
Kidney Failure Acute Kidney Failure Chronic Kidney Failure
Acute kidney failure Dehydration (vomiting, diarrhea) Infection DrugsPain killers, Antibiotics
Chronic kidney failure Diabetes Mellitus Hypertension Primary Glomerular Disease
Each year 1,50,000 pt needs dialysis15,000 pt will be initiated on dialysis20%will die60%drop out20% willcontinue
Take Home messages Screening for kidney failure Tight control of blood sugar Tight control of blood pressure Avoid sel...
HAEMODIALYSIS
Patient undergoing Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD)
Haemodialysis Can be through aCentral VenousCatheter AV ShuntOR Through a Arterio –Venous Fistula Sythetic Graft
Synthetic Graft
A BBlood pumpTrip chamber
Transplanted Kidney
Questions???
Thank you
Chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease
Chronic kidney disease
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Chronic kidney disease

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Chronic kidney disease

  1. 1. Dr. Sandeep G. HuilgolMBBS., DNB (Int.Med)., MMedSci(Nephro)CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE
  2. 2.  KIDNEY FAILURE URINARY TRACT INFECTION KIDNEY STONE KIDNEY CANCER
  3. 3. Outline of DiscussionKidneys…??Why are Kidneys important for us?Why should care for our kidneys?What are the potentially preventable causes ofchronic kidney failure ?Take home messages
  4. 4. Kidneys…..???
  5. 5. Normal Kidneys And Bladder
  6. 6. Why are Kidneys important for us? Kidneys filter all the waste and excess fluid from ourbody. Regulate the Blood pressure. Involved in maintaining the concentration of theelectrolyte (Na, K, Mg, etc). Helps in production of blood. Normal growth of bones of our body
  7. 7. Why should care for our kidneys?“Prevention is better than cure when it comes tokidney failure as well”. Help available ??? i.e. No. of experts Cost involved?? Infections??
  8. 8. Indian Society of Nephrology-around 900membersOne nephrologist for every 70-80 lakhs !!This ratio will worsen with time….Kidney Disease In India
  9. 9. Kidney Disease In India Well-equipped hospitals with facilities for treatmentof kidney disease, reside in the big cities. But - 70% of the population are in the smaller townsand villages.
  10. 10. Symptoms of kidney failure Asymptomatic Weakness Breathing difficulty Swelling (Face and/or Legs) Anorexia
  11. 11. Kidney Failure Acute Kidney Failure Chronic Kidney Failure
  12. 12. Acute kidney failure Dehydration (vomiting, diarrhea) Infection DrugsPain killers, Antibiotics
  13. 13. Chronic kidney failure Diabetes Mellitus Hypertension Primary Glomerular Disease
  14. 14. Each year 1,50,000 pt needs dialysis15,000 pt will be initiated on dialysis20%will die60%drop out20% willcontinue
  15. 15. Take Home messages Screening for kidney failure Tight control of blood sugar Tight control of blood pressure Avoid self medications Do not neglect seemingly minor infections
  16. 16. HAEMODIALYSIS
  17. 17. Patient undergoing Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD)
  18. 18. Haemodialysis Can be through aCentral VenousCatheter AV ShuntOR Through a Arterio –Venous Fistula Sythetic Graft
  19. 19. Synthetic Graft
  20. 20. A BBlood pumpTrip chamber
  21. 21. Transplanted Kidney
  22. 22. Questions???
  23. 23. Thank you
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