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Nationalism vs sectionalism ppt

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  • Description: Map of the Presidential Election of 1816. Credit: Department of the Interior http://teachpol.tcnj.edu/amer_pol_hist/thumbnail115.html
  • Pojer; http://www.wadsworth.com/history_d/special_features/image_bank_US/1804_1840.html
  • Pojer
  • Settlement: Faragher, Out of Many , 3 rd Ed.; http://wps.prenhall.com/hss_faragher_outofmany_ap Slavery: Divine, America Past & Present
  • http://www.galafilm.com/1812/e/catalogues/peop_clay.html Roads: Faragher, Out of Many , 3 rd Ed.; http://wps.prenhall.com/hss_faragher_outofmany_ap/
  • Divine, America: Past and Present 7e
  • http://teachpol.tcnj.edu/amer_pol_hist/thumbnail122.html
  • Pojer
  • Henretta, America’s History 5e from http://www.bedfordstmartins.com/mapcentral
  • Faragher, Out of Many , 3 rd Ed.; http://wps.prenhall.com/hss_faragher_outofmany_ap/
  • Pojer
  • Pojer
  • Faragher, Out of Many , 3 rd Ed.; http://wps.prenhall.com/hss_faragher_outofmany_ap/
  • Faragher, Out of Many , 3 rd Ed.; http://wps.prenhall.com/hss_faragher_outofmany_ap/

Nationalism vs sectionalism ppt Nationalism vs sectionalism ppt Presentation Transcript

  • ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS?:Nationalism & Sectionalism after the War of 1812
  • Results of the War of 1812 Draw militarily  Small war and insignificant in military terms. Important consequences for the U.S.:  Winners: War Hawks; Republicans, Andrew Jackson  Losers: Indians, Federalists  New spirit of nationalism  Paranoia about Britain died away (“Second War for Independence”) Rush-Bagot Agreement & Convention of 1818 No U.S. involvement with Europe for 100 years. America looks inward
  • Guiding QuestionHistorians have traditionally labeledthe period after the War of 1812(1815-1825) the “Era of GoodFeelings.” How accurate was thislabel, considering the emergence ofnationalism and sectionalism duringthe period?
  • Presidential Election of 1816
  • Politics: “ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS” “Era of Good Feelings”  James Monroe - President (1817-1825)  John Quincy Adams  John Calhoun Nationalism Sectionalism President James Monroe Sec. of State J.Q. Adams
  • 1820 Presidential Election
  • ECONOMIC & DEMOGRAPHIC EXPANSION Great Migration Westward  Old Northwest  Old Southwest Spread of Settlement: Westward Surge, 1800–1820Concentration of Slavery, 1820
  • ECONOMIC & DEMOGRAPHIC EXPANSION “internal improvements” Henry Clay – “American System”  Tariff of 1816 - protective  Second Bank of the U. S.  Internal improvements at federal expense. National Road SECTIONAL IMPLICATIONS?•WEST  got roads, canals, and federal aid•EAST  protective tariffs (w/ support from theWest)•SOUTH  ?? Major Migration Routes, 1800–1820
  • ECONOMIC & DEMOGRAPHIC EXPANSION Panic of 1819  boom & bust cycles  About every 20 yrs. in 19th C. Causes of the Panic  Deflation – falling crop prices  Esp. cotton: British demand drops - find cheaper sources  Competition from Europe increases - end of Napoleanic Wars  Overspeculation on land – easy credit from banks  Western farmers unable to pay loans Who/What  Trade deficit – drained U.S. of specie is blamed?  Bank of the U.S. tightens credit  Tougher loan requirements, requires specie from state banks
  • MISSOURI Missouri statehood controversy (1819)  Tallmadge Amendment (1819) – gradual abolition (passed HR, failed in Senate) Missouri Compromise (1820) (Maine-Missouri Bill)
  • MISSOURI COMPROMISEREACTIONS “like a fire-bell in the night . . . the [death] knell of the Union” - Thomas Jefferson “the title page to a great tragic volume” – J. AdamsContinued Existence of Slavery: a) Legal Status b) Political Power c) Geographic/Economic NecessityNationalism vs. Sectionalism??
  • THE SUPREMECOURT &NATIONALISM Marbury v. Madison (1803)  judicial review Fletcher v. Peck (1810) Old Supreme Court Chamber  Constitution forbids state laws “impairing” contracts Dartmouth v. Woodward (Dartmouth College Case) (1819) McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)  Elastic (“necessary & proper”) clause Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) “Steamboat Case”  Commerce Clause
  • THE SUPREME COURT & NATIONALISMResolution of Indian Questions [Indian Removal] Johnson v MacIntosh Cherokee Nation v. Georgia Worcester v. Georgia
  • Rush-Bagot Agreement & Convention of 1818
  • NATIONALISM IN FOREIGN AFFAIRS Florida (1819)
  • NATIONALISM IN FOREIGN AFFAIRS Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819 ( Transcontinental Treaty)
  • North America in 1824
  • NATIONALISM IN FOREIGN AFFAIRSThe Monroe Doctrine (1823)The US to declare the Americas off-limits to Europe.A continuation of the neutrality and isolationist policies established by Washington. US will protect the US will recognize Americas---new countries existing European which formed in Central and Colonies South America Monroe Doctrine No European Colonization in US will not meddle the Americas in European affairs
  • END OFTHE “ERA” Election of 1824 - Era Breaks Down electoral changes - elections based much more on popular support “Corrupt Bargain” (according to whom???)
  • Election of 1824: A “Corrupt Bargain”?
  • John Quincy Adams President, 1825-1829 John Quincy Adams (Library of Congress)
  • TheElectionof 1828 Andrew Jackson (Library of Congress)
  • Review of Presidents George Washington (1789-1797) no party Virginia John Adams (1797-1801) Federalist Mass. Thomas Jefferson (1801-1809) Republican Virginia James Madison (1809-1817) Republican Virginia James Monroe (1817-1825) Republican Virginia John Quincy Adams (1825-1829) Republican Mass. Andrew Jackson (1829-1837) Democrat Tenn.