Nationalism vs sectionalism ppt

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  • Description: Map of the Presidential Election of 1816. Credit: Department of the Interior http://teachpol.tcnj.edu/amer_pol_hist/thumbnail115.html
  • Pojer; http://www.wadsworth.com/history_d/special_features/image_bank_US/1804_1840.html
  • Pojer
  • Settlement: Faragher, Out of Many , 3 rd Ed.; http://wps.prenhall.com/hss_faragher_outofmany_ap Slavery: Divine, America Past & Present
  • http://www.galafilm.com/1812/e/catalogues/peop_clay.html Roads: Faragher, Out of Many , 3 rd Ed.; http://wps.prenhall.com/hss_faragher_outofmany_ap/
  • Divine, America: Past and Present 7e
  • http://teachpol.tcnj.edu/amer_pol_hist/thumbnail122.html
  • Pojer
  • Henretta, America’s History 5e from http://www.bedfordstmartins.com/mapcentral
  • Faragher, Out of Many , 3 rd Ed.; http://wps.prenhall.com/hss_faragher_outofmany_ap/
  • Pojer
  • Pojer
  • Faragher, Out of Many , 3 rd Ed.; http://wps.prenhall.com/hss_faragher_outofmany_ap/
  • Faragher, Out of Many , 3 rd Ed.; http://wps.prenhall.com/hss_faragher_outofmany_ap/
  • Nationalism vs sectionalism ppt

    1. 1. ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS?:Nationalism & Sectionalism after the War of 1812
    2. 2. Results of the War of 1812 Draw militarily  Small war and insignificant in military terms. Important consequences for the U.S.:  Winners: War Hawks; Republicans, Andrew Jackson  Losers: Indians, Federalists  New spirit of nationalism  Paranoia about Britain died away (“Second War for Independence”) Rush-Bagot Agreement & Convention of 1818 No U.S. involvement with Europe for 100 years. America looks inward
    3. 3. Guiding QuestionHistorians have traditionally labeledthe period after the War of 1812(1815-1825) the “Era of GoodFeelings.” How accurate was thislabel, considering the emergence ofnationalism and sectionalism duringthe period?
    4. 4. Presidential Election of 1816
    5. 5. Politics: “ERA OF GOOD FEELINGS” “Era of Good Feelings”  James Monroe - President (1817-1825)  John Quincy Adams  John Calhoun Nationalism Sectionalism President James Monroe Sec. of State J.Q. Adams
    6. 6. 1820 Presidential Election
    7. 7. ECONOMIC & DEMOGRAPHIC EXPANSION Great Migration Westward  Old Northwest  Old Southwest Spread of Settlement: Westward Surge, 1800–1820Concentration of Slavery, 1820
    8. 8. ECONOMIC & DEMOGRAPHIC EXPANSION “internal improvements” Henry Clay – “American System”  Tariff of 1816 - protective  Second Bank of the U. S.  Internal improvements at federal expense. National Road SECTIONAL IMPLICATIONS?•WEST  got roads, canals, and federal aid•EAST  protective tariffs (w/ support from theWest)•SOUTH  ?? Major Migration Routes, 1800–1820
    9. 9. ECONOMIC & DEMOGRAPHIC EXPANSION Panic of 1819  boom & bust cycles  About every 20 yrs. in 19th C. Causes of the Panic  Deflation – falling crop prices  Esp. cotton: British demand drops - find cheaper sources  Competition from Europe increases - end of Napoleanic Wars  Overspeculation on land – easy credit from banks  Western farmers unable to pay loans Who/What  Trade deficit – drained U.S. of specie is blamed?  Bank of the U.S. tightens credit  Tougher loan requirements, requires specie from state banks
    10. 10. MISSOURI Missouri statehood controversy (1819)  Tallmadge Amendment (1819) – gradual abolition (passed HR, failed in Senate) Missouri Compromise (1820) (Maine-Missouri Bill)
    11. 11. MISSOURI COMPROMISEREACTIONS “like a fire-bell in the night . . . the [death] knell of the Union” - Thomas Jefferson “the title page to a great tragic volume” – J. AdamsContinued Existence of Slavery: a) Legal Status b) Political Power c) Geographic/Economic NecessityNationalism vs. Sectionalism??
    12. 12. THE SUPREMECOURT &NATIONALISM Marbury v. Madison (1803)  judicial review Fletcher v. Peck (1810) Old Supreme Court Chamber  Constitution forbids state laws “impairing” contracts Dartmouth v. Woodward (Dartmouth College Case) (1819) McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)  Elastic (“necessary & proper”) clause Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) “Steamboat Case”  Commerce Clause
    13. 13. THE SUPREME COURT & NATIONALISMResolution of Indian Questions [Indian Removal] Johnson v MacIntosh Cherokee Nation v. Georgia Worcester v. Georgia
    14. 14. Rush-Bagot Agreement & Convention of 1818
    15. 15. NATIONALISM IN FOREIGN AFFAIRS Florida (1819)
    16. 16. NATIONALISM IN FOREIGN AFFAIRS Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819 ( Transcontinental Treaty)
    17. 17. North America in 1824
    18. 18. NATIONALISM IN FOREIGN AFFAIRSThe Monroe Doctrine (1823)The US to declare the Americas off-limits to Europe.A continuation of the neutrality and isolationist policies established by Washington. US will protect the US will recognize Americas---new countries existing European which formed in Central and Colonies South America Monroe Doctrine No European Colonization in US will not meddle the Americas in European affairs
    19. 19. END OFTHE “ERA” Election of 1824 - Era Breaks Down electoral changes - elections based much more on popular support “Corrupt Bargain” (according to whom???)
    20. 20. Election of 1824: A “Corrupt Bargain”?
    21. 21. John Quincy Adams President, 1825-1829 John Quincy Adams (Library of Congress)
    22. 22. TheElectionof 1828 Andrew Jackson (Library of Congress)
    23. 23. Review of Presidents George Washington (1789-1797) no party Virginia John Adams (1797-1801) Federalist Mass. Thomas Jefferson (1801-1809) Republican Virginia James Madison (1809-1817) Republican Virginia James Monroe (1817-1825) Republican Virginia John Quincy Adams (1825-1829) Republican Mass. Andrew Jackson (1829-1837) Democrat Tenn.

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