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Great depression
 

Great depression

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    Great depression Great depression Presentation Transcript

    • The Great Depression
    • 1929-1939
      • Stock market crash
      • Didn’t realize the effect it would have
      • No money to replenish what was borrowed
      Many found being broke humiliating.
    • The Roaring 20’s
      • The new concept of “credit”
      • People were buying:
        • Automobiles
        • Appliances
        • Clothes
      • Fun times reigned
        • Dancing
        • Flappers
        • Drinking
    • Why was this bad?
      • Credit system
        • People didn’t really have the money they were spending
      • WWI
        • The U.S. was a major credit loaner to other nations in need
        • Many of these nations could not pay us back
    • The Stock Market
      • People bought stocks on margins
        • If a stock is $100 you can pay $10 now and the rest later when the stock rose
      • Stocks fall
        • Now the person has less than $100 and no money to pay back
    • And then….
      • With people panicking about their money investors tried to sell their stocks
        • This leads to a huge decline in stocks
        • Stocks were worthless now
      • People who bought on “margins” now could not pay
      • Investors were average people that were now broke
      • Herbert Hoover was president at the start
      • Philosophy: We’ll make it!
      • What He Did: Nothing
      • The poor were looking for help and no ideas on how to correct or help were coming
      President Hoover
      • Farmers were already feeling the effects
        • Prices of crops went down
        • Many farms foreclosed
      • People could not afford luxuries
        • Factories shut down
        • Businesses went out
      • Banks could not pay out money
      • People could not pay their taxes
        • Schools shut down due to lack of funds
      • Many families became homeless and had to live in shanties
      What about the people?
    •  
    • Many waited in unemployment lines hoping for a job.
    • People in cities would wait in line for bread to bring to their family.
    • Some families were forced to relocate because they had no money.
    • “ Hooverville”
      • Some families were forced to live in shanty towns
        • A grouping of shacks and tents in vacant lots
      • They were referred to as “Hooverville” because of President Hoover’s lack of help during the depression.
    • Hooverville
    • Out of the Dust: The South and the Dust Bowl
    • A drought in the South lead to dust storms that destroyed crops. “ The Dust Bowl”
    • The South Was Buried
      • Crops turned to dust=No food to be sent out
      • Homes buried
      • Fields blown away
      • South in state of emergency
      • Dust Bowl the #1 weather crisis of the 20th century
    •  
    • Two Families During the Depression
    • A Farm Foreclosure
    • Some families tried to make money by selling useful crafts like baskets.
    • *FDR*
      • When he was inaugurated unemployment had increased by 7 million.
      • Poor sections (like Harlem) had 50% of the pop. unemployed
      • Instated the “New Deal”
      • Yea! Frankie!
      • People everywhere were effected by the depression
      • It wasn’t till President Roosevelt took over and tried to put the economy back together that people even saw a glimmer of hope
    • To Kill a Mockingbird
    • Major Historical Happenings...
      • Jim Crow Laws
      • Scottsboro Trials
      • Recovering from the Great Depression
      • Racial Injustice
      • Poor South
    • Jim Crow Laws
      • After the American Civil War most states in the South passed anti-African American legislation. These became known as Jim Crow laws.
      • These laws included segregation in…
        • Schools -- Hospitals
        • Theaters -- Water fountains
        • Restaurants
        • Hotels
        • Public transportation
        • Some states forbid inter-racial marriages
      • These laws were instituted in 1896 and were not abolished till the late 1950’s (even then still not completely).
      • 9 young African-American men (13-20) accused of raping 2 white girls in 1931
      • Immediately sentenced to death
      • Trials went on for nearly 15 years before all the men were dismissed
      Scottsboro Boys Trial
      • Started on a train bound for Memphis
      • Several white men boarded and picked a fight with the black men
      • Whites were forced off train by the 12 black men. The white men reported the the black men had raped two white girls on the train to authorities
      • They were immediately arrested and tried in front of an all-white jury.
    • The trials caused a huge uproar amongst the black community.
    • Harper Lee
      • Wrote To Kill a Mockingbird in 1960
      • Based the story on her life growing up in Monroeville, Alabama
      • TKAM was the only novel she ever wrote
      • The character of “Dill,” Scout and Jem’s playmate in the novel was based upon Lee’s actual neighbor, Truman Capote
      • Capote is famous for amongst other things, In Cold Blood and Breakfast at Tiffany’s .
      • It has been said that he gave Lee Mockingbird as a gift.
      • In 1962 the novel was turned into a film starring Gregory Peck.
      • It received a humanitarian award and several Academy Award nominations
    • The End