Great depression

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  • 1. The Great Depression
  • 2. 1929-1939
    • Stock market crash
    • Didn’t realize the effect it would have
    • No money to replenish what was borrowed
    Many found being broke humiliating.
  • 3. The Roaring 20’s
    • The new concept of “credit”
    • People were buying:
      • Automobiles
      • Appliances
      • Clothes
    • Fun times reigned
      • Dancing
      • Flappers
      • Drinking
  • 4. Why was this bad?
    • Credit system
      • People didn’t really have the money they were spending
    • WWI
      • The U.S. was a major credit loaner to other nations in need
      • Many of these nations could not pay us back
  • 5. The Stock Market
    • People bought stocks on margins
      • If a stock is $100 you can pay $10 now and the rest later when the stock rose
    • Stocks fall
      • Now the person has less than $100 and no money to pay back
  • 6. And then….
    • With people panicking about their money investors tried to sell their stocks
      • This leads to a huge decline in stocks
      • Stocks were worthless now
    • People who bought on “margins” now could not pay
    • Investors were average people that were now broke
  • 7.
    • Herbert Hoover was president at the start
    • Philosophy: We’ll make it!
    • What He Did: Nothing
    • The poor were looking for help and no ideas on how to correct or help were coming
    President Hoover
  • 8.
    • Farmers were already feeling the effects
      • Prices of crops went down
      • Many farms foreclosed
    • People could not afford luxuries
      • Factories shut down
      • Businesses went out
    • Banks could not pay out money
    • People could not pay their taxes
      • Schools shut down due to lack of funds
    • Many families became homeless and had to live in shanties
    What about the people?
  • 9.  
  • 10. Many waited in unemployment lines hoping for a job.
  • 11. People in cities would wait in line for bread to bring to their family.
  • 12. Some families were forced to relocate because they had no money.
  • 13. “ Hooverville”
    • Some families were forced to live in shanty towns
      • A grouping of shacks and tents in vacant lots
    • They were referred to as “Hooverville” because of President Hoover’s lack of help during the depression.
  • 14. Hooverville
  • 15. Out of the Dust: The South and the Dust Bowl
  • 16. A drought in the South lead to dust storms that destroyed crops. “ The Dust Bowl”
  • 17. The South Was Buried
    • Crops turned to dust=No food to be sent out
    • Homes buried
    • Fields blown away
    • South in state of emergency
    • Dust Bowl the #1 weather crisis of the 20th century
  • 18.  
  • 19. Two Families During the Depression
  • 20. A Farm Foreclosure
  • 21. Some families tried to make money by selling useful crafts like baskets.
  • 22. *FDR*
    • When he was inaugurated unemployment had increased by 7 million.
    • Poor sections (like Harlem) had 50% of the pop. unemployed
    • Instated the “New Deal”
    • Yea! Frankie!
  • 23.
    • People everywhere were effected by the depression
    • It wasn’t till President Roosevelt took over and tried to put the economy back together that people even saw a glimmer of hope
  • 24. To Kill a Mockingbird
  • 25. Major Historical Happenings...
    • Jim Crow Laws
    • Scottsboro Trials
    • Recovering from the Great Depression
    • Racial Injustice
    • Poor South
  • 26. Jim Crow Laws
    • After the American Civil War most states in the South passed anti-African American legislation. These became known as Jim Crow laws.
    • These laws included segregation in…
      • Schools -- Hospitals
      • Theaters -- Water fountains
      • Restaurants
      • Hotels
      • Public transportation
      • Some states forbid inter-racial marriages
  • 27.
    • These laws were instituted in 1896 and were not abolished till the late 1950’s (even then still not completely).
  • 28.
    • 9 young African-American men (13-20) accused of raping 2 white girls in 1931
    • Immediately sentenced to death
    • Trials went on for nearly 15 years before all the men were dismissed
    Scottsboro Boys Trial
  • 29.
    • Started on a train bound for Memphis
    • Several white men boarded and picked a fight with the black men
    • Whites were forced off train by the 12 black men. The white men reported the the black men had raped two white girls on the train to authorities
    • They were immediately arrested and tried in front of an all-white jury.
  • 30. The trials caused a huge uproar amongst the black community.
  • 31. Harper Lee
  • 32.
    • Wrote To Kill a Mockingbird in 1960
    • Based the story on her life growing up in Monroeville, Alabama
    • TKAM was the only novel she ever wrote
  • 33.
    • The character of “Dill,” Scout and Jem’s playmate in the novel was based upon Lee’s actual neighbor, Truman Capote
    • Capote is famous for amongst other things, In Cold Blood and Breakfast at Tiffany’s .
    • It has been said that he gave Lee Mockingbird as a gift.
  • 34.
    • In 1962 the novel was turned into a film starring Gregory Peck.
    • It received a humanitarian award and several Academy Award nominations
  • 35. The End