Great depression


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Great depression

  1. 1. The Great Depression
  2. 2. 1929-1939 <ul><li>Stock market crash </li></ul><ul><li>Didn’t realize the effect it would have </li></ul><ul><li>No money to replenish what was borrowed </li></ul>Many found being broke humiliating.
  3. 3. The Roaring 20’s <ul><li>The new concept of “credit” </li></ul><ul><li>People were buying: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Automobiles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appliances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clothes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fun times reigned </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dancing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flappers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drinking </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Why was this bad? <ul><li>Credit system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People didn’t really have the money they were spending </li></ul></ul><ul><li>WWI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The U.S. was a major credit loaner to other nations in need </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many of these nations could not pay us back </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Stock Market <ul><li>People bought stocks on margins </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If a stock is $100 you can pay $10 now and the rest later when the stock rose </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stocks fall </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Now the person has less than $100 and no money to pay back </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. And then…. <ul><li>With people panicking about their money investors tried to sell their stocks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This leads to a huge decline in stocks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stocks were worthless now </li></ul></ul><ul><li>People who bought on “margins” now could not pay </li></ul><ul><li>Investors were average people that were now broke </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Herbert Hoover was president at the start </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophy: We’ll make it! </li></ul><ul><li>What He Did: Nothing </li></ul><ul><li>The poor were looking for help and no ideas on how to correct or help were coming </li></ul>President Hoover
  8. 8. <ul><li>Farmers were already feeling the effects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prices of crops went down </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many farms foreclosed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>People could not afford luxuries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Factories shut down </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Businesses went out </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Banks could not pay out money </li></ul><ul><li>People could not pay their taxes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools shut down due to lack of funds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many families became homeless and had to live in shanties </li></ul>What about the people?
  9. 10. Many waited in unemployment lines hoping for a job.
  10. 11. People in cities would wait in line for bread to bring to their family.
  11. 12. Some families were forced to relocate because they had no money.
  12. 13. “ Hooverville” <ul><li>Some families were forced to live in shanty towns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A grouping of shacks and tents in vacant lots </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They were referred to as “Hooverville” because of President Hoover’s lack of help during the depression. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Hooverville
  14. 15. Out of the Dust: The South and the Dust Bowl
  15. 16. A drought in the South lead to dust storms that destroyed crops. “ The Dust Bowl”
  16. 17. The South Was Buried <ul><li>Crops turned to dust=No food to be sent out </li></ul><ul><li>Homes buried </li></ul><ul><li>Fields blown away </li></ul><ul><li>South in state of emergency </li></ul><ul><li>Dust Bowl the #1 weather crisis of the 20th century </li></ul>
  17. 19. Two Families During the Depression
  18. 20. A Farm Foreclosure
  19. 21. Some families tried to make money by selling useful crafts like baskets.
  20. 22. *FDR* <ul><li>When he was inaugurated unemployment had increased by 7 million. </li></ul><ul><li>Poor sections (like Harlem) had 50% of the pop. unemployed </li></ul><ul><li>Instated the “New Deal” </li></ul><ul><li>Yea! Frankie! </li></ul>
  21. 23. <ul><li>People everywhere were effected by the depression </li></ul><ul><li>It wasn’t till President Roosevelt took over and tried to put the economy back together that people even saw a glimmer of hope </li></ul>
  22. 24. To Kill a Mockingbird
  23. 25. Major Historical Happenings... <ul><li>Jim Crow Laws </li></ul><ul><li>Scottsboro Trials </li></ul><ul><li>Recovering from the Great Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Racial Injustice </li></ul><ul><li>Poor South </li></ul>
  24. 26. Jim Crow Laws <ul><li>After the American Civil War most states in the South passed anti-African American legislation. These became known as Jim Crow laws. </li></ul><ul><li>These laws included segregation in… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools -- Hospitals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theaters -- Water fountains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restaurants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hotels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some states forbid inter-racial marriages </li></ul></ul>
  25. 27. <ul><li>These laws were instituted in 1896 and were not abolished till the late 1950’s (even then still not completely). </li></ul>
  26. 28. <ul><li>9 young African-American men (13-20) accused of raping 2 white girls in 1931 </li></ul><ul><li>Immediately sentenced to death </li></ul><ul><li>Trials went on for nearly 15 years before all the men were dismissed </li></ul>Scottsboro Boys Trial
  27. 29. <ul><li>Started on a train bound for Memphis </li></ul><ul><li>Several white men boarded and picked a fight with the black men </li></ul><ul><li>Whites were forced off train by the 12 black men. The white men reported the the black men had raped two white girls on the train to authorities </li></ul><ul><li>They were immediately arrested and tried in front of an all-white jury. </li></ul>
  28. 30. The trials caused a huge uproar amongst the black community.
  29. 31. Harper Lee
  30. 32. <ul><li>Wrote To Kill a Mockingbird in 1960 </li></ul><ul><li>Based the story on her life growing up in Monroeville, Alabama </li></ul><ul><li>TKAM was the only novel she ever wrote </li></ul>
  31. 33. <ul><li>The character of “Dill,” Scout and Jem’s playmate in the novel was based upon Lee’s actual neighbor, Truman Capote </li></ul><ul><li>Capote is famous for amongst other things, In Cold Blood and Breakfast at Tiffany’s . </li></ul><ul><li>It has been said that he gave Lee Mockingbird as a gift. </li></ul>
  32. 34. <ul><li>In 1962 the novel was turned into a film starring Gregory Peck. </li></ul><ul><li>It received a humanitarian award and several Academy Award nominations </li></ul>
  33. 35. The End