Sues for freedom in 1846 in Missouri Circuit Court
Missouri Circuit Court finds against Scott
Scott & his wife, Harriet. Fort Snelling Fort Armstrong
Next Step for Scott
Supreme Court rules that Scott is not a citizen.
DRED SCOTT BORN ABOUT 1799 DIED SEPTEMBER 17, 1858. DRED SCOTT SUBJECT OF THE DECISION OF THE SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES IN 1857 WHICH DENIED CITIZENSHIP TO THE NEGRO, VOIDED THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE ACT, BECAME ONE OF THE EVENTS THAT RESULTED IN THE CIVIL WAR. Photo by Stephanie Griest
1846-Scott’s first trial in St. Louis Circuit Court
1847-Court rules in favor of his owner, Mrs. Emerson
1850-Second trial, jury finds in favor of Scott
1852-Mrs. Emerson appeals
1852- Supreme Court of Missouri overrules Circuit Court
1853 & 1854-Scott files in U.S. Federal Court—Scott v. Sanford
1854-Court rules against Scott again
1856 and 1857-Scott appeals to the U.S. Supreme Court
Time Line Cont’d Taney’s Ruling: Negroes are not citizens of the United States and have no right to bring suit in Federal Court. Taney—… they had no rights which the white man was bound to respect.