Enterprise Architecture - why bother

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Enterprise Architecture - business benefits and implications

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  • EA Presentation NotesWhat is EA?A framework that identifies main components of an organisation (staff, business processes, Information Technology, financial and other resources), the ways in which they are integrated to achieve business goals and support business processes [1]The description of an enterprise as a system in terms of its components, their inter-relationships, and the principles and guidelines governing the design and its evolution [5]Staff (HR)Holistic approach when making decisions [5]When managers are making decisions, they consider many aspects that would be affected by that decisionEnable managers to determine the need for organisational transformation [3]Having a view at different aspects of an organisation allows managers to identify areas that need change and work on themUnderstanding of what the enterprise does, when, where, how and why it does it and what it uses to do it [4]Can enable staff to learn about other components of the organisations they did not have contact with before EA was introduced.Improved communication among business departments [2]  Business ProcessesBetter processes for implementing new technologies in response to the changing mission needs [5]Because decisions are made closely considering the relationship between different organisational concepts, technology implementation can be improve as it is in line with other business components Facilitate change to any business process [2] Because staffs understands business activities, IT is fully exploited and there is the integration of new technology onto business process, day to day business activities improve and change at the same rate as technological changes.FinanceBetter return on existing investment, reduced risk for future investment [5]Better investment decisions are made, hence better return on investments Other ResourcesAllow for integration of business disciplines which can reduce resource (time, skill) waste [3]Organisations can achieve economies of scale from prudence use of resources [2]ITInformation Technology will be used to deliver desired business benefitsTechnology is integrated into business, so every technological decision taken is taken with business initiatives in mindEffective management and exploitation of information [5]Business fully uses information provided by IT to make better decisionsEnables the right balance between IT efficiency and business innovation [5]Increase accuracy, consistency , integrity, quality, timeliness and access of information across an organisation [2]  Implications of EA For Entire organisationEA establishes standards and guidelines for developing IT system with other integrating componentsCreate and maintain a common vision shared by both the Business and IT [6]Develop a technical architecture framework to be used in all future IS ProjectsEA developed in concert with strategic planners as well as the operational staff [2].EA allows for regular updates of targeted architectures [2]
  • EA Presentation NotesWhat is EA?A framework that identifies main components of an organisation (staff, business processes, Information Technology, financial and other resources), the ways in which they are integrated to achieve business goals and support business processes [1]The description of an enterprise as a system in terms of its components, their inter-relationships, and the principles and guidelines governing the design and its evolution [5]Staff (HR)Holistic approach when making decisions [5]When managers are making decisions, they consider many aspects that would be affected by that decisionEnable managers to determine the need for organisational transformation [3]Having a view at different aspects of an organisation allows managers to identify areas that need change and work on themUnderstanding of what the enterprise does, when, where, how and why it does it and what it uses to do it [4]Can enable staff to learn about other components of the organisations they did not have contact with before EA was introduced.Improved communication among business departments [2]  Business ProcessesBetter processes for implementing new technologies in response to the changing mission needs [5]Because decisions are made closely considering the relationship between different organisational concepts, technology implementation can be improve as it is in line with other business components Facilitate change to any business process [2] Because staffs understands business activities, IT is fully exploited and there is the integration of new technology onto business process, day to day business activities improve and change at the same rate as technological changes.FinanceBetter return on existing investment, reduced risk for future investment [5]Better investment decisions are made, hence better return on investments Other ResourcesAllow for integration of business disciplines which can reduce resource (time, skill) waste [3]Organisations can achieve economies of scale from prudence use of resources [2]ITInformation Technology will be used to deliver desired business benefitsTechnology is integrated into business, so every technological decision taken is taken with business initiatives in mindEffective management and exploitation of information [5]Business fully uses information provided by IT to make better decisionsEnables the right balance between IT efficiency and business innovation [5]Increase accuracy, consistency , integrity, quality, timeliness and access of information across an organisation [2]  Implications of EA For Entire organisationEA establishes standards and guidelines for developing IT system with other integrating componentsCreate and maintain a common vision shared by both the Business and IT [6]Develop a technical architecture framework to be used in all future IS ProjectsEA developed in concert with strategic planners as well as the operational staff [2].EA allows for regular updates of targeted architectures [2]
  • EA Presentation NotesWhat is EA?A framework that identifies main components of an organisation (staff, business processes, Information Technology, financial and other resources), the ways in which they are integrated to achieve business goals and support business processes [1]The description of an enterprise as a system in terms of its components, their inter-relationships, and the principles and guidelines governing the design and its evolution [5]Staff (HR)Holistic approach when making decisions [5]When managers are making decisions, they consider many aspects that would be affected by that decisionEnable managers to determine the need for organisational transformation [3]Having a view at different aspects of an organisation allows managers to identify areas that need change and work on themUnderstanding of what the enterprise does, when, where, how and why it does it and what it uses to do it [4]Can enable staff to learn about other components of the organisations they did not have contact with before EA was introduced.Improved communication among business departments [2]  Business ProcessesBetter processes for implementing new technologies in response to the changing mission needs [5]Because decisions are made closely considering the relationship between different organisational concepts, technology implementation can be improve as it is in line with other business components Facilitate change to any business process [2] Because staffs understands business activities, IT is fully exploited and there is the integration of new technology onto business process, day to day business activities improve and change at the same rate as technological changes.FinanceBetter return on existing investment, reduced risk for future investment [5]Better investment decisions are made, hence better return on investments Other ResourcesAllow for integration of business disciplines which can reduce resource (time, skill) waste [3]Organisations can achieve economies of scale from prudence use of resources [2]ITInformation Technology will be used to deliver desired business benefitsTechnology is integrated into business, so every technological decision taken is taken with business initiatives in mindEffective management and exploitation of information [5]Business fully uses information provided by IT to make better decisionsEnables the right balance between IT efficiency and business innovation [5]Increase accuracy, consistency , integrity, quality, timeliness and access of information across an organisation [2]  Implications of EA For Entire organisationEA establishes standards and guidelines for developing IT system with other integrating componentsCreate and maintain a common vision shared by both the Business and IT [6]Develop a technical architecture framework to be used in all future IS ProjectsEA developed in concert with strategic planners as well as the operational staff [2].EA allows for regular updates of targeted architectures [2]
  • EA Presentation NotesWhat is EA?A framework that identifies main components of an organisation (staff, business processes, Information Technology, financial and other resources), the ways in which they are integrated to achieve business goals and support business processes [1]The description of an enterprise as a system in terms of its components, their inter-relationships, and the principles and guidelines governing the design and its evolution [5]Staff (HR)Holistic approach when making decisions [5]When managers are making decisions, they consider many aspects that would be affected by that decisionEnable managers to determine the need for organisational transformation [3]Having a view at different aspects of an organisation allows managers to identify areas that need change and work on themUnderstanding of what the enterprise does, when, where, how and why it does it and what it uses to do it [4]Can enable staff to learn about other components of the organisations they did not have contact with before EA was introduced.Improved communication among business departments [2]  Business ProcessesBetter processes for implementing new technologies in response to the changing mission needs [5]Because decisions are made closely considering the relationship between different organisational concepts, technology implementation can be improve as it is in line with other business components Facilitate change to any business process [2] Because staffs understands business activities, IT is fully exploited and there is the integration of new technology onto business process, day to day business activities improve and change at the same rate as technological changes.FinanceBetter return on existing investment, reduced risk for future investment [5]Better investment decisions are made, hence better return on investments Other ResourcesAllow for integration of business disciplines which can reduce resource (time, skill) waste [3]Organisations can achieve economies of scale from prudence use of resources [2]ITInformation Technology will be used to deliver desired business benefitsTechnology is integrated into business, so every technological decision taken is taken with business initiatives in mindEffective management and exploitation of information [5]Business fully uses information provided by IT to make better decisionsEnables the right balance between IT efficiency and business innovation [5]Increase accuracy, consistency , integrity, quality, timeliness and access of information across an organisation [2]  Implications of EA For Entire organisationEA establishes standards and guidelines for developing IT system with other integrating componentsCreate and maintain a common vision shared by both the Business and IT [6]Develop a technical architecture framework to be used in all future IS ProjectsEA developed in concert with strategic planners as well as the operational staff [2].EA allows for regular updates of targeted architectures [2]
  • EA Presentation NotesWhat is EA?A framework that identifies main components of an organisation (staff, business processes, Information Technology, financial and other resources), the ways in which they are integrated to achieve business goals and support business processes [1]The description of an enterprise as a system in terms of its components, their inter-relationships, and the principles and guidelines governing the design and its evolution [5]Staff (HR)Holistic approach when making decisions [5]When managers are making decisions, they consider many aspects that would be affected by that decisionEnable managers to determine the need for organisational transformation [3]Having a view at different aspects of an organisation allows managers to identify areas that need change and work on themUnderstanding of what the enterprise does, when, where, how and why it does it and what it uses to do it [4]Can enable staff to learn about other components of the organisations they did not have contact with before EA was introduced.Improved communication among business departments [2]  Business ProcessesBetter processes for implementing new technologies in response to the changing mission needs [5]Because decisions are made closely considering the relationship between different organisational concepts, technology implementation can be improve as it is in line with other business components Facilitate change to any business process [2] Because staffs understands business activities, IT is fully exploited and there is the integration of new technology onto business process, day to day business activities improve and change at the same rate as technological changes.FinanceBetter return on existing investment, reduced risk for future investment [5]Better investment decisions are made, hence better return on investments Other ResourcesAllow for integration of business disciplines which can reduce resource (time, skill) waste [3]Organisations can achieve economies of scale from prudence use of resources [2]ITInformation Technology will be used to deliver desired business benefitsTechnology is integrated into business, so every technological decision taken is taken with business initiatives in mindEffective management and exploitation of information [5]Business fully uses information provided by IT to make better decisionsEnables the right balance between IT efficiency and business innovation [5]Increase accuracy, consistency , integrity, quality, timeliness and access of information across an organisation [2]  Implications of EA For Entire organisationEA establishes standards and guidelines for developing IT system with other integrating componentsCreate and maintain a common vision shared by both the Business and IT [6]Develop a technical architecture framework to be used in all future IS ProjectsEA developed in concert with strategic planners as well as the operational staff [2].EA allows for regular updates of targeted architectures [2]
  • EA Presentation NotesWhat is EA?A framework that identifies main components of an organisation (staff, business processes, Information Technology, financial and other resources), the ways in which they are integrated to achieve business goals and support business processes [1]The description of an enterprise as a system in terms of its components, their inter-relationships, and the principles and guidelines governing the design and its evolution [5]Staff (HR)Holistic approach when making decisions [5]When managers are making decisions, they consider many aspects that would be affected by that decisionEnable managers to determine the need for organisational transformation [3]Having a view at different aspects of an organisation allows managers to identify areas that need change and work on themUnderstanding of what the enterprise does, when, where, how and why it does it and what it uses to do it [4]Can enable staff to learn about other components of the organisations they did not have contact with before EA was introduced.Improved communication among business departments [2]  Business ProcessesBetter processes for implementing new technologies in response to the changing mission needs [5]Because decisions are made closely considering the relationship between different organisational concepts, technology implementation can be improve as it is in line with other business components Facilitate change to any business process [2] Because staffs understands business activities, IT is fully exploited and there is the integration of new technology onto business process, day to day business activities improve and change at the same rate as technological changes.FinanceBetter return on existing investment, reduced risk for future investment [5]Better investment decisions are made, hence better return on investments Other ResourcesAllow for integration of business disciplines which can reduce resource (time, skill) waste [3]Organisations can achieve economies of scale from prudence use of resources [2]ITInformation Technology will be used to deliver desired business benefitsTechnology is integrated into business, so every technological decision taken is taken with business initiatives in mindEffective management and exploitation of information [5]Business fully uses information provided by IT to make better decisionsEnables the right balance between IT efficiency and business innovation [5]Increase accuracy, consistency , integrity, quality, timeliness and access of information across an organisation [2]  Implications of EA For Entire organisationEA establishes standards and guidelines for developing IT system with other integrating componentsCreate and maintain a common vision shared by both the Business and IT [6]Develop a technical architecture framework to be used in all future IS ProjectsEA developed in concert with strategic planners as well as the operational staff [2].EA allows for regular updates of targeted architectures [2]
  • EA Presentation NotesWhat is EA?A framework that identifies main components of an organisation (staff, business processes, Information Technology, financial and other resources), the ways in which they are integrated to achieve business goals and support business processes [1]The description of an enterprise as a system in terms of its components, their inter-relationships, and the principles and guidelines governing the design and its evolution [5]Staff (HR)Holistic approach when making decisions [5]When managers are making decisions, they consider many aspects that would be affected by that decisionEnable managers to determine the need for organisational transformation [3]Having a view at different aspects of an organisation allows managers to identify areas that need change and work on themUnderstanding of what the enterprise does, when, where, how and why it does it and what it uses to do it [4]Can enable staff to learn about other components of the organisations they did not have contact with before EA was introduced.Improved communication among business departments [2]  Business ProcessesBetter processes for implementing new technologies in response to the changing mission needs [5]Because decisions are made closely considering the relationship between different organisational concepts, technology implementation can be improve as it is in line with other business components Facilitate change to any business process [2] Because staffs understands business activities, IT is fully exploited and there is the integration of new technology onto business process, day to day business activities improve and change at the same rate as technological changes.FinanceBetter return on existing investment, reduced risk for future investment [5]Better investment decisions are made, hence better return on investments Other ResourcesAllow for integration of business disciplines which can reduce resource (time, skill) waste [3]Organisations can achieve economies of scale from prudence use of resources [2]ITInformation Technology will be used to deliver desired business benefitsTechnology is integrated into business, so every technological decision taken is taken with business initiatives in mindEffective management and exploitation of information [5]Business fully uses information provided by IT to make better decisionsEnables the right balance between IT efficiency and business innovation [5]Increase accuracy, consistency , integrity, quality, timeliness and access of information across an organisation [2]  Implications of EA For Entire organisationEA establishes standards and guidelines for developing IT system with other integrating componentsCreate and maintain a common vision shared by both the Business and IT [6]Develop a technical architecture framework to be used in all future IS ProjectsEA developed in concert with strategic planners as well as the operational staff [2].EA allows for regular updates of targeted architectures [2]
  • Enterprise Architecture - why bother

    1. 1. Enterprise Architecture<br />Monthusiotsile Ngwako<br />1<br />
    2. 2. What is EA?<br />A framework that identifies main components of an organisation (staff, business processes, Information Technology, financial and other resources), the ways in which they are integrated to achieve business goals and support business processes [1]<br />The description of an enterprise as a system in terms of its components, their inter-relationships, and the principles and guidelines governing the design and its evolution [5]<br />Enterprise Architecture<br />Change<br />2<br />
    3. 3. Benefits and Implications of Using EA<br />Enterprise Architecture<br />Business<br />Staff (HR)<br />Business Processes<br />Finance<br />Other Resources<br />Technology<br />IT<br />Systems Behaviour<br />Information Systems<br />3<br />
    4. 4. Benefits and Implications of Using EA<br />Enterprise Architecture<br />Business<br /><ul><li>Holistic approach when making decisions [5]
    5. 5. Enable managers to determine the need for organisational transformation [3]
    6. 6. Understanding of what the enterprise does, when, where, how and why it does it and what it uses to do it [4]
    7. 7. Improved communication among business departments [2]</li></ul>Staff (HR)<br />Business Processes<br />Finance<br />Other Resources<br />Technology<br />IT<br />Systems Behaviour<br />Information Systems<br />4<br />
    8. 8. Benefits and Implications of Using EA<br />Enterprise Architecture<br />Business<br />Staff (HR)<br />Business Processes<br />Finance<br />Other Resources<br /><ul><li>Better processes for implementing new technologies in response to the changing mission needs [5]
    9. 9. Facilitate change to any business process [2]</li></ul>Technology<br />IT<br />Systems Behaviour<br />Information Systems<br />5<br />
    10. 10. Benefits and Implications of Using EA<br />Enterprise Architecture<br />Business<br />Staff (HR)<br />Business Processes<br />Finance<br />Other Resources<br /><ul><li>Better return on existing investment, reduced risk for future investment [5]</li></ul>Technology<br />IT<br />Systems Behaviour<br />Information Systems<br />6<br />
    11. 11. Benefits and Implications of Using EA<br />Enterprise Architecture<br />Business<br />Staff (HR)<br />Business Processes<br />Finance<br />Other Resources<br /><ul><li>Allow for integration of business disciplines which can reduce resource (time, skill) waste [3]
    12. 12. Organisations can achieve economies of scale from prudence use of resources [2]</li></ul>Technology<br />IT<br />Systems Behaviour<br />Information Systems<br />7<br />
    13. 13. Benefits and Implications of Using EA<br />Enterprise Architecture<br />Business<br />Staff (HR)<br /><ul><li>Information Technology will be used to deliver desired business benefits
    14. 14. Effective management and exploitation of information [5]
    15. 15. Enables the right balance between IT efficiency and business innovation [5]
    16. 16. Increase accuracy, consistency , integrity, quality, timeliness and access of information across an organisation [2]</li></ul>Technology<br />IT<br />Systems Behaviour<br />Information Systems<br />8<br />
    17. 17. Benefits and Implications of Using EA<br />Enterprise Architecture<br />Implications of EA For Entire organisation<br /><ul><li>EA establishes standards and guidelines for developing IT system with other integrating components
    18. 18. Create and maintain a common vision shared by both the Business and IT [6]
    19. 19. Develop a technical architecture framework to be used in all future IS</li></ul>Projects<br /><ul><li>EA developed in concert with strategic planners as well as the operational staff [2].
    20. 20. EA allows for regular updates of targeted architectures [2]</li></ul>Business<br /><ul><li>Holistic approach when making decisions [5]
    21. 21. Enable managers to determine the need for organisational transformation [3]
    22. 22. Understanding of what the enterprise does, when, where, how and why it does it and what it uses to do it [4]
    23. 23. Improved communication among business departments [2]</li></ul>Staff (HR)<br />Business Processes<br />Finance<br />Other Resources<br /><ul><li>Information Technology will be used to deliver desired business benefits
    24. 24. Effective management and exploitation of information [5]
    25. 25. Enables the right balance between IT efficiency and business innovation [5]
    26. 26. Increase accuracy, consistency , integrity, quality, timeliness and access of information across an organisation [2]
    27. 27. Better processes for implementing new technologies in response to the changing mission needs [5]
    28. 28. Facilitate change to any business process [2]
    29. 29. Allow for integration of business disciplines which can reduce resource (time, skill) waste [3]
    30. 30. Organisations can achieve economies of scale from prudence use of resources [2]
    31. 31. Better return on existing investment, reduced risk for future investment [5]</li></ul>Technology<br />IT<br />Systems Behaviour<br />Information Systems<br />9<br />
    32. 32. Conclusion<br />EA closes the gap between business and IT<br />It allows decision makers to consider the impact of their decisions on different components of an organisation<br />It is not an IT discipline, but a fusion between Technology (including IT) and Business activities.<br />10<br />
    33. 33. Reference<br />Bailey I. (2006), A Simple Guide to Enterprise Architecture, retrieved 12 September 2010, from www.modelfutures.com/file_download/4/SimpleGuideToEA.pdf<br />Chief Information Officer Council. (2001), The Practical Guide to Federal Enterprise Architecture, retrieved 11 September from, http://www.enterprise-architecture.info/Images/Documents/Federal%20Enterprise%20Architecture%20Guide%20v1a.pdf<br /> Finkelstein C., Introduction to Enterprise Architecture, retrieved 07 September 2010, from http://www.ies.aust.com/pdf-papers/bi-ea01.pdf<br />Hirvonen A. (2007), Introduction to Enterprise Architecture, University of Jyväskylä, Finland.<br />Jabłonka R. (2009), Introduction to Enterprise Architecture using TOGAF 9, retrieved 11 September 2010, from http://www.sybase.at/pdf/TOGAF9.pdf<br />Schekkerman J. (2005). The Economic Benefits of Enterprise Architecture; How to Quantify and Manage the Economic Value of Enterprise Architecture. Trafford Publishing. Canada<br />11<br />

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