NIEM and Future SAR

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NIEM and developing SAR v2.0 to meet community public safety challenges in todays world.

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NIEM and Future SAR

  1. 1. Deploy Requirements Shaping the Future Test NIEM Model <Insert Picture Here> Data of Public Safety and Build Generate Exchange Dictionary Collaboration XML Exchange DevelopmentSuspicious Activity ReportingOverview – Public Sector NIEM Team, December 2011
  2. 2. Disclaimer Notice The following is intended to outline Oracle general product direction. It is intended for information purposes only, and may not be incorporated into any contract. It is not a commitment to deliver any material, code, or functionality, and should not be relied upon in making purchasing decisions. The development, release, and timing of any features or functionality described for Oracle’s products remains at the sole discretion of Oracle. Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Slide 2 Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  3. 3. Introduction• In the ten years since 9/11/2001, we have seen the information sharing challenges in the public safety arena expand beyond terrorist threats to encompass a broad set of criminal justice, emergency management, intelligence, and other homeland security activities. Has the power and breadth of available information sharing solutions kept up with the scale and scope of the problem? What solutions are needed for 2020 problems? By examining current architecture and data sharing methods, the community can address the needs that must be met to deliver the next generation of pragmatic solutions with standards-based information sharing. Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  4. 4. Community, Collaboration and Safety• Social Challenges and Community Involvement• Enabling Technologies – SAR v2• Standards and Adoption Roadmap•Q&A Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  5. 5. Society TodaySOCIAL CHALLENGES Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  6. 6. National SAR Initiative PositionCurrent thinking of the office of the Director of National Intelligence cites suspicious behavior as “observed behavior that may be indicative of intelligence gathering or pre-operational planning related to terrorism, criminal or other illicit intention. Behavior that could be considered suspicious and potentially tied to terrorism, and thus warrant a report, includes surveillance, photography of facilities, site breaches or physical intrusions, cyberattacks and the examination of security.” Focus is on law enforcement and financial services sector reporting rather than broad citizen and community involvement ISE coordination: http://www.ise.gov/nationwide-sar-initiative Current NSI sites: http://nsi.ncirc.gov/implementation_map.aspx Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  7. 7. Budget Restrictions v Policing ScopeAmerica continues to allocate significant budgets to law enforcement and policingThe key to effective policing has always been enabling citizen participation combined with responsiveness and follow throughPolicing has to cover an ever increasing raft of areasHow to leverage information technologies and communications tools to allow limited police resources to do more?Better first responder coordination Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  8. 8. Public Safety Areas and Scope Crime Public Order InfrastructureGang Activity Public Events Community ThreatsNarcotics Community Threats Infrastructure ThreatsPrescription Drugs Abduction Threats Military InstallationWeapons Property Threats Travel/ImmigrationChemicals Personal Threats TerrorismVehicles Theft Weapons InternetTransport/Goods Theft Chemicals FarmsAnimals / Exploitation Biological ParksProstitution Emergency ResponsePornographyInternetFraudBanking Seemingly unconnected activity and participants provide key markers to intended criminal or terrorist patterns Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  9. 9. Citizens and Averting Future Tragedy• Who knew that Nordine Amrani had acquired three hand grenades a shotgun and an automatic weapon?• Who knew that Anders Behring Breivik was a disturbed fanatic planning to detonate a car bomb and then attack teenagers on a retreat island?• Who knew Bernard Madoff was running the largest Ponzi scheme in history? Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  10. 10. Vision for Collaborative SAR initiativeEmpowering community collaboration across all aspects of public safety not just terrorism and priority government sector targetsProviding a complete suite of solutions, not just islands of coordinationIntegrating first responder systems to allow coordination to maximize resources Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  11. 11. Information Sharing has Critical RoleCan act to bring together communities and law enforcement to combat challenges posed by world todayProvide people with sense of involvement and securityCombines Mobile, Social and Internet toolsEnable reporting and collaboration between community and law enforcement Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  12. 12. ENABLING TECHNOLOGIESNIEM – National Information Sharing ModelLEXS – Logical Entity eXchange SystemSuspicious Activity Report (SAR) version 2 Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  13. 13. Capabilities and RequirementsEnsure privacy / security with built-in oversight and auditing to minimize risksReduce costs through use of open standards and common shared infrastructure and deployments (e.g. cloud computing, mobile communications networks)Rapid response to events - natural disaster and man madePublic events protection and supportSecure first responder integration and coordination toolsSecure communications infrastructure with fault tolerance and security Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  14. 14. NIEM SAR – standards based approach • NIEM is a joint DOJ / DHS / HHS program created to promote standardization of information exchange for cross jurisdictional information sharing. • NIEM provides the tools for enabling interoperability at the data layer within and across systems supporting information sharing, while preserving investments in current technology and optimizing new technology development. • Going International – Canada, Mexico, EU Components of NIEMCommon Language(Data Model Lifecycle)Built and governed by the business users at Repeatable, Reusable Process (Exchange Specification Lifecycle)Federal, State, Local, Tribal and Private Sectors Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  15. 15. Existing SAR v1.5 content model Legend: ? Optional * Repeatable @ attribute # Properties Workflow support unclear Control unclear Specific to narrow 911 terrorism incident profile Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  16. 16. SAR v2.0 (draft) content model • Cleaner and enhanced data model • Extended capability and flexibility • Improved workflow alignment • Better internationalization support Workflow Enhanced NEW Controls NEWLegend:? Optional* Repeatable@ attribute NEW# Properties Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  17. 17. SAR v2.0 new capabilities summary• Extended public safety use model• Better workflow control and tracking• Better security and privacy management• Enhanced internationalization support• Cleaner extended data model for supporting information• Better details on threat types including Hazmats• New section for local police reports and vetting done• Witness and contact information now supported directly• Threats & associated criminal activity separate sections• Support for surveillance equipment reporting and locations including cyber, borders, restricted areas and extended exposed facilities such as pipelines• Allows “test mode” for practice drills Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  18. 18. Example – SAR + Complex Event Processing AutomatedTransport/Goods Theft Fusion Correlation Center (Vehicle Description) 1 2 3 5 Submit SAR CEP XML Dashboard XML SAR EngineCitizen SAR 2.0 Send Case SAR (LEXS) Database Photo Vehicle “XYZ” 4Suspicious Activity + State MVA Desk Officer Email Alert Vehicle “XYZ” + lookup Location Reviews and Assigns 6 Incident Report Workflow Activity Location Investigation Mapping Team Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  19. 19. Some SAR application snap shots Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  20. 20. SAR Mobile Device Interface User can browse and select phone camera image User can click here to allow sharing of the GPS coordinates from their phone location Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  21. 21. SAR Tracker Review Dashboard Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  22. 22. SAR Review with Mapping Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  23. 23. SAR Event Detection with CEP Alerts SAR Incidents Reported In-Area Watch Match & Alert Protected Area Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation 23
  24. 24. Global Event Tracking – NCTC WITS system • 6 month lag time on event updating • USA events – arson attacks - 2010 Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  25. 25. Toward 2020 Policing and Community CoordinationSTANDARDS AND ADOPTIONROADMAP Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  26. 26. Toward Suspicious Activity Report V2.0 Dictionary Collection SAR components • SAR v1.5 components • NIEM core dictionary LEXS components • LEXS 3.1.4 dictionary referenced NIEM core components dictionaries New structure components XML XML based on NIEM + SAR + new XML Definitions stored as syntax neutral canonical XML Namespaces of dictionary components Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  27. 27. Summary of TechnologiesShort term initiatives • SAR V2.0 standard IEPD • Proof of Concept verificationMedium term objectives • Fusion Center integration • Open platform architecture • Cloud availability, mobile alerts and reporting • First responders coordinationLong term vision • Advanced policing techniques • Analysis, Events, Reporting, Trends (e.g. FBI UCR, NCTC) Copyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
  28. 28. Resource Center link http://www.oracle.com/goto/niem Q&A SAR built with CAM editor toolkit from: http://www.cameditor.orgCopyright ©2011, Oracle. All rights reserved. Oracle Draft Materials – Limited Circulation
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