Basic Notions of Language

4,473
-1

Published on

Lecture 1 for the course Linguistics for Language Teachers, TESL Program Faculty of Education University of Malaya.

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
4 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
4,473
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
148
Comments
0
Likes
4
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Basic Notions of Language

  1. 1. Basic notions of language Dr. Jessie Grace U Rubrico Faculty of Education University of Malaya
  2. 2. Form – Meaning Pair sounds words signs meaning symbols TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  3. 3. thoughts world viewsculture TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  4. 4. medium of thought vehicle for cultural transmission TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  5. 5.  national language policy a factor in nation building TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  6. 6. TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  7. 7. PBGS 6304 University of Malaya TESL Program Dr. Jessie Grace U.Rubrico
  8. 8. cognitive socialculturalpolitical TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  9. 9.  medium of thinking shaping thoughts/ideas facilitating thought processes TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  10. 10. communication bias alienationdiversity TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  11. 11.  record embodiment conveyance ethnicity nurture - language death = culture death - languages: living, dying/endangered, dead/extinct TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  12. 12.  contributes to nation building marks prestige power conquest TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  13. 13. arbitrariness productivity creativity/flexibility displacement cultural transmissionrule-governed TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  14. 14.  Symbols are arbitrary : - different languages have different terms to represent the same thingsExample: money/currency TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  15. 15. The potential number of utterances, as well asthe number of words and meanings in humanlanguages is practically infinite. The girl ate the sandwich. The little girl ate the sandwich. The pretty little girl ate the sandwich. The pretty little girl ate the egg sandwich her mother prepared for lunch yesterday. . . TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  16. 16.  new utterances to be created  new thoughts, experiences, situations new meanings to old words  semantic broadening  semantic narrowing TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  17. 17.  email /email address screensaver unfriend  e-book TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  18. 18.  word meaning narrows to something specific. - litter: a bed” (before1300) > bedding‘ > animals on a bedding of straw’ > things scattered about, odds and ends. . .Source: Sol Steinmetz. (2008). Semantic Antics: How and Why Words Change Meanings. Random House. TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  19. 19.  Guido (Guy) Fawkes led the plot to blow up the English Houses of Parliament in 1605. > refers to any "person of grotesque appearance" – after the burning of Fawkes‘ effigy TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  20. 20. 20th century, refers to a ‗man‘ (American popular culture)replaces "fellow," "bloke," "chap," etc. in English-speaking world refers to a group of men and women : ―Let‘s go for it, guys!‖ TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  21. 21.  advent of computers— mouse window keyboard TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  22. 22. past real or unrealpresent future
  23. 23.  Chinese baby in England raised by a British family > speaks English not Chinese. TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  24. 24. sentencesphrases TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  25. 25. •knowledge of L1competence •description of L1 • use of L1 performance knowledge TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  26. 26.  transactional medium: lingua franca transaction = result. TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  27. 27.  learning language to explore works of literature –  Greek for the works of Homer or Socrates  Hebrew & Greek to study the Bible  Arabic to read the Quoran TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  28. 28.  some religions prefer their scriptures written and read in their original, unadulterated form  Arabic for Muslims learn religion  Latin for Christian liturgy  Sanskrit for Hindu liturgy TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  29. 29.  language : expression of culture -things that belong to a culture can only be expressed fully and properly in the language that is the basis of that culture. TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  30. 30.  struggle between peoples ethnically the same but divided by language and religion- the Basques and Spaniards in Spain; Sinhalese and Tamils in Sri Lanka; the anti-Tagalism of some ethnolinguistic groups in the Philippines TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  31. 31.  colonizers generally make the population of their colonies speak their language - access to opportunities, etc.  Filipinos learned languages of their colonizers: Spanish and English. TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  32. 32. language is a state of mind internalized self-images, abstract and suggestiveBilinguals: language of the heart [experienced]; language of the head [remembered] TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  33. 33.  alienate or discriminate against individuals/groups. promote certain agenda: advertisers, politicians and all those trying to influence opinionlanguage bias - imbalance in language use; preference of a language over another. TESL Program University of Malaya Dr. Jessie Grace U. Rubrico
  34. 34. OGrady, William D., Archibald, John, (eds.). (2009). Contemporary Linguistic Analysis: An Introduction, 6th edition. Ontario: Pearson Education Canada.Yule G. (2006). The study of language. Cambridge: CUPhttp://grammar.about.com/od/ab/g/broadenterm.htm
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×