Tomorrows smart cities will work like magic

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When I was a teenager, I spent my monthly allowance visiting this basement shop in a London Alley near Oxford Street … at the time, it was the only place in the whole of the UK to buy *really* cutting-edge European Death Metal music.

Technology has changed our world so much over the last two decades that my youth seems like ancient history; but over the next two decades, the changes that will become possible as technology develops will be even more striking; and it may even be hard to recognise the way that we interact with our future world as "human behaviour" as we understand it now.

As consumer technologies such as social media, open data and smartphones evolve through the next-generation of "human/computer interfaces", the incredible power of future technology will be put into the hands of individuals and small businesses. By opening up cities' digital infrastructure to them, business and government can help people and cities to help themselves.

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Tomorrows smart cities will work like magic

  1. 1. Tomorrow’s cities and the ghost in the machine Dr Rick Robinson AoU CITP FRSA Executive Architect, IBM Smarter Cities Open Group Distinguished Certified IT Architect rick_robinson@uk.ibm.com @dr_rick http://theurbantechnologist.com/ http://ibm.com/smartercities/ Analysis of bus movements in Dublin http://www-03.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/41068.wss Image captured by MRI scan by Shinji Nishimoto et al, UC Berkley, 2011 https://sites.google.com/site/gallantlabucb/publications/nishimoto-et-al-2011 Pedestrian roundabout in Shanghai, China, by Chris UK http://www.flickr.com/photos/_chrisuk/7580861928/ 3D printer by Media Lab Prado http://www.flickr.com/photos/medialab-prado/5839088528/
  2. 2. http://www.openstreetmap.org/#map=19/51.51444/-0.13387
  3. 3. Photo of Celtic Frost poster by Ryan Snyder http://www.flickr.com/photos/ryansnyder/6054663084/ Photo of Shades Records from http://www.thrashhits.com/2008/07/in-memoriam-of-shades/
  4. 4. “While the population in Mumbai grew by 25% between 1991 and 2010, the number of people traveling by trains during the same years increased by 66% and the number of vehicles grew by 181%. At the same time, the number of enterprises in the city increased by 56%. All of this indicates a restructuring of the economy, where the nature of work and movement has changed.” “Being Nicely Messy”, Collaborative Research Initiative Trust, Audi Urban Future Awards, 2012
  5. 5. World Urbanization Prospects, 2007 Revision, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations Many developing nations – e.g. Tanzania, Turkmenistan, Tajikstan - define cities by criteria including “the pre-dominance of non-agricultural workers and their families” We have industrialised food-supply and moved to cities
  6. 6. Survey of fund managers responsible for $14 trillion of assets “Global Investor Survey on Climate Change”, Global Investor Coalition on Climate Change, 2013 EM-DAT Emergency Disasters Database We are more vulnerable to increasingly extreme weather
  7. 7. (“Lives on the Line” by James Cheshire at UCL’s Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, showing the variation in life expectancy and correlation to child poverty in London. From Cheshire, J. 2012. Lives on the Line: Mapping Life Expectancy Along the London Tube Network. Environment and Planning A. 44 (7). Doi: 10.1068/a45341) The benefits of urban life are distributed extremely unevenly
  8. 8. The Internet of Things – 1 trillion internet-connected devices by 2015
  9. 9.  “Sensprout” is an ultra low-cost soil moisture sensor  Consists of printed circuits formed from silver nanoparticles on paper  Can be printed with a standard ink jet printer, using commercially-available ink  Powered by ambient radio waves converted by the printed antenna from radio frequency to DC power 21st Century perpetual motion: print-your-own self-powering sensors
  10. 10. Images captured by MRI scan by Shinji Nishimoto, Alex G. Huth, An Vu and Jack L. Gallant, UC Berkley, 2011 https://sites.google.com/site/gallantlabucb/publications/nishimoto-et-al-2011 3D printed prosthetic leg by Bespoke Innovations http://www.bespokeinnovations.com/content/gallery The merging of mind, information and the physical world The IBM Watson Computer: http://www.ibm.com/innovation/us/watson/index.html
  11. 11. “Cognitive cooking” Cognitive Cooking: http://www.fastcodesign.com/1672444/try-a-recipe-devised-by- ibms-supercomputer-chef
  12. 12. http://www.smartercomputingblog.com/smarter-computing/smarter-cities-rio/
  13. 13. http://www-03.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/34575.wss Business model: Sustainable Business
  14. 14. Smarter city planning
  15. 15. Smarter city planning
  16. 16. Smarter city visions Before After http://www.slideboom.com/presentations/396907/Space-Syntax_The-city-as-a-transaction-network
  17. 17. Kelvin Campbell’s “Massive/ Small” http://engagingcities.com/post/5012064472/massive-small-the-operating-system-for-smart-urbanism Town plan for Edinburgh’s New Town from the JR James archive http://www.flickr.com/photos/jrjamesarchive/ Photo of pedestrian roundabout in Shanghai, China, by Chris UK http://www.flickr.com/photos/_chrisuk/7580861928/ Photo of Masshouse Circus, Birmingham, before its redevelopment, by Birmingham City Council http://www.birmingham.gov.uk/cs/Satellite?c=Page&childpagename=Planning- Management%2FPageLayout&cid=1223092740947&pagename=BCC%2FCommon%2FWrapper%2FWrapper “Massive / Small” and Smart Digital Urbanism
  18. 18. http://www.insuranceclaims.co.uk/news/freaky-car-crashes/
  19. 19. Packages from Amazon delivered to Google’s San Francisco office. Photo bymoppet65535 https://www.flickr.com/photos/9880707@N02/
  20. 20. https://twitter.com/BarackObama
  21. 21. Google’s wearable computer, Google Glass. Photograph by Apostolos https://www.flickr.com/photos/apostolosp/
  22. 22. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-22421185
  23. 23. Sunderland Software City: http://cities- today.com/2013/03/sunderlands- software-centre-gets-ibm-backing/ Sunderland Civic Centre by Paul Boxley http://www.flickr.com/photos/paulboxley/241434422/
  24. 24. Photo of Jane Jacobs by Michèl Champagne http://www.mediamatic.net/104796/en/jane-jacobs-ideas-that-matter Photo of Christopher Alexander by Eugene Kim http://www.flickr.com/photos/eekim/5686194142/
  25. 25. Business model: Social Enterprise
  26. 26. http://www-03.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/34575.wss Business model: Cross-City Collaboration
  27. 27. http://www-03.ibm.com/press/uk/en/pressrelease/41097.wss https://www-304.ibm.com/connections/blogs/ibmireland/entry/innovative_new_data_sharing_network_to_create_commercial_opportunities1 Business model: Information Sharing Partnership
  28. 28. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-22357748 Exporting innovation: bus optimisation in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire
  29. 29. http://www.ibm.com/smarterplanet/us/en/leadership/uofbari/assets/pdf/IBM_UofBari.pdf http://malaria.novartis. com/innovation/sms- for-life/index.shtml Photo of 3D-printed objects by Shapeways, http://www.flickr.com/photos/51579195@N02/5523472239/ Business model: Collective Infrastructure Kilimo Salama: http://www.syngenta foundation.org/index .cfm?pageID=562
  30. 30. http://www.smartplanet.com/blog/business-brains/predictive-analytics-at-work-predicting-traffic-jams-before-they-occur/10543 http://www-03.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/21971.wss Business model: Disruptive Business Platforms
  31. 31. The internet of money and the right to information
  32. 32. Business model: Regeneration and Incubation
  33. 33. Mapping from Open Street Map http://www.openstreetmap.org/copyright
  34. 34. Urban form Global accessibility Site location Spatial accessibility High Low Spatial analysis of Birmingham by Space Syntax: http://www.spacesyntax.com/
  35. 35. Urban form Local accessibility Site location Spatial accessibility High Low Spatial analysis of Birmingham by Space Syntax: http://www.spacesyntax.com/
  36. 36. Queens Arms by Ian Edwards http://www.flickr.com/photos/hanuman/2497292061/ Great Charles Street by Elliott Brown http://www.flickr.com/photos/ell-r-brown/4920885391/ “Smart Hack” Birmingham by Sebastian Lenton https://twitter.com/sebastianlenton Colmore Square by Elliott Brown http://www.flickr.com/photos/ell-r-brown/3755421730/ Jennens Road by Elliott Brown http://www.flickr.com/photos/ell-r-brown/4521075613/ Road sign by Elliott Brown http://www.flickr.com/photos/ell-r-brown/4711677856/ Bull Ring by Johnny Wilson http://www.flickr.com/photos/johnnytakespictures/7814385330/ Digbeth by Elliott Brown http://www.flickr.com/photos/ell-r-brown/5974905435/ University of Birmingham by v1ctory_1s_m1ne http://www.flickr.com/photos/v1ctory_1s_m1ne/413854637/
  37. 37. Smarter cities are created by people, in places, using information Coders taking part in last year’s “Smart Hack” at Birmingham Science Park Aston by Sebastian Lenton: https://twitter.com/sebastianlenton
  38. 38. Thankyou Dr Rick Robinson AoU CITP FRSA Executive Architect, IBM Smarter Cities Open Group Distinguished Certified IT Architect rick_robinson@uk.ibm.com @dr_rick http://theurbantechnologist.com/ http://ibm.com/smartercities/ Analysis of bus movements in Dublin http://www-03.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/41068.wss Droplet smartphone payment service https://dropletpay.com Pedestrian roundabout in Shanghai, China, by Chris UK http://www.flickr.com/photos/_chrisuk/7580861928/ 3D printer by Media Lab Prado http://www.flickr.com/photos/medialab-prado/5839088528/

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