Tobacco wv smokelessconf opening 11-29-12 - bruce adkins
9 Thursday, November 16, 2012 Tobacco Prevention and Opening Remarks 9:05 am – 9:30 amControl Remains Important Presented by Bruce W. Adkins, Director in West Virginia: Division of Tobacco Prevention, WV Bureau for Public HealthLet’s NOT forget about SPIT!!! West Virginia Smokeless Tobacco Conference November 29th, 2012 Stonewall Resort in Roanoke, West Virginia
Never Trust the IndustryThey’re Big and Strong andALWAYS Lurking Out There Somewhere!
Data tells us… • The 2012 WV adult smoking rate is 23.9 percent. (from 2012 WV Adult Tobacco Survey or WVATS)• Males = 25.6 percent• Females = 23.1 percent• 434,000 WV residents
Data tells us…• The 2010 WV adult smoking rate for those impoverished* is 40.9%. *Low SES = Annual household income < $25K and <= HS diploma **from 2010 WV Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (BRFSS)• Males = 45.9 percent• Females = 36.5 percent• 109,000 WV residents
Data tells us… • The 2010 WV adult smoking rate for those impoverished* is 40.9%. *Low SES = Annual household income < $25K and <= HS diploma **from 2010 WV Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (BRFSS)• This prevalence continues to increase! (34.5% in 2001).
Data tells us…• The 2010 WV adult smoking rate for those aged 18 – 34 is 35.8%. *from 2010 WV Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (BRFSS)• Males = 35 percent• *Females = 36.7 percent• 138,000 WV residents
Research and Program Evaluation tells us:• The prevalence of current cigarette smoking has significantly declined among WV high school students (38.5% in 2000 to 22.4% in 2011)• And current cigarette smoking has decreased among WV middle school students (18.1% in 2000 to 8.3% in 2011). *from 2011 WV Youth Tobacco Survey
Research and Program Evaluation tells us:• The prevalence of “never having smoked a cigarette, not even 1-2 puffs” has significantly increased among both high school students (25.7% in 2000 to *50.5% in 2011)• And middle school students (53.1% in 2000 to 75.1% in 2011). *from 2011 WV Youth Tobacco Survey
ST Research tells us:• Smokeless tobacco is mostly used among men, young adults, and those with a high school education or less, also in some states (like WV) with higher smoking rates.• Smokeless tobacco is now being marketed by tobacco companies as a substitute for smoking tobacco users. *Especially when at a place that doesn’t allow smoking.
Data tells us…• The 2012 WV adult male smokeless tobacco use rate is 15.5 percent. (from 2012 WVATS)• Females = 2+ percent
Dual Tobacco Use in West Virginia There are many tobacco users in West Virginia hooked on TWO very different types of tobacco products…
Data tells us… • The 2012 WV adult dual* tobacco use rate is 11.4 percent. (from 2012 WV Adult Tobacco Survey)• Dual Use = “smokers who also report frequent smokeless tobacco product use.”
Social Injustice… ??When access to certain basic rights,such as good health, education, andfair and equal treatment, has beendistributed unevenly or denied tocertain groups, the problembecomes an issue of social justice.
“The tobacco industry has succeeded in addicting those whohave the least information about the health risks of smoking,the fewest resources, the fewest social supports, and the leastaccess to cessation services. The link between smoking and lowincome and lower levels of education cannot be overemphasized. Tobacco is not an equal-opportunity killer.” - Dr. Cheryl Healton, American Legacy Foundation President; 2010.
“Tobacco-related illnesses are not only significant publichealth and social justice issues in our State, but tobacco usealso must be interpreted as a heavily-impacting cost factorto West Virginia’s businesses. There are substantial tobacco-related business climate problems and costs to everyemployer in the State.” Bruce W. Adkins, Director WVBPH Division of Tobacco Prevention
Smoking-related workerproductivity losses total $1.1 billion annually in WV.
Annualpreventablecosts total$4,600 for eachsmoker in WV!
Estimated AnnualAdded Costsfor each WVcigarette smokerequals: in direct health care costs $2,767 in future worker productivity losses *only includes those losses related to mortality
Coming to a school or town near you… Emerging Tobacco Products
Where does tobacco ‘ethically’ fit into public health?
Tobacco and Business* • Tobacco products are unlike any other traded product: they are uniquely harmful and therefore require special rules to ensure that business practices do not stimulate tobacco use.*Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids
Dealing with Tobacco as a Business Issue• Only commercial product that, when used as directed, kills;• Taxation, retailer regulations, and public smoking restrictions do help, but most often fall far short in adequately addressing public health concerns and health and occupational costs to society.
Cigarette & OTP Tax Increases are a Recommended Best Practice“Federal, state, and local taxes that raise prices ontobacco products improve public health by reducinginitiation, prevalence, and intensity of tobacco useamong young people.”“For every 10 percent increase in cigarette prices, it isestimated there is a 3 – 5 percent reduction in overallcigarettes consumed, especially in youth and young adults.”Source: 2012 Surgeon General’s ReportOn Tobacco Use in the U.S. (pg. 809-810)
Cigarette Taxes in Appalachia *National Average Tax is $1.50 per pack $4.65 $1.60 $1.25 $2.00 55c 60c 30c* 45c 57c 68c 43c 37c
The Tobacco Industry: Why A ‘Public Health Bad Guy’?• Defective product produced for five decades after Surgeon General’s Reports on health effects;• Continue to manipulate nicotine and product contents;• Basic principles of business ethics violated;• Shifted advertising resources to take advantage of loopholes in legal settlements;• Commissioned economic research to show the benefit to society of dying early;• Attempted to distort science and risk (IARC Report on Passive Smoking);• Supported smuggling as a marketing tool.
Industry manipulation??‘Future funding for tobacco prevention programs, &any other tobacco-related legislation or regulation,remain highly influenced by corporate practices of thetobacco industry, which include vast marketingcampaigns, political contributions, and lobbyingefforts against public health regulations. These tobaccoindustry practices actually promote chronic disease.’ Source: American Journal of Public Health, How the Tobacco Industry Defeated the Clinton Health Plan and Why it Matters Now. Tesler and Malone. 2010 July; 100(7): 1174 - 1188.
Tobacco Marketing, Spending as aSocial Justice Issue in West Virginia It is estimated by the Federal Trade Commission that the tobacco industry spends about $133 million annually to promote tobacco products in West Virginia. In contrast, our Division of Tobacco Prevention is allocated $7 million annually to counter the industry and prevent tobacco use.
One Truth about TODAY’S Politics• In SFY12, West Virginias State spending for tobacco prevention ($5.65M) amounted to 4.7% of the estimated $124 million in tobacco- generated revenue the State collected. CDC recommends that WV’s spending on tobacco prevention and cessation be at $28 million per year…
Charleston MarriottCharleston, WV"The incestuous relationship betweengovernment and big business thrivesin the dark.“ – Jack Anderson