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Information Technology has been introduced for making Revolutions in Education. Without making any Revolution, IT just substitutes the old black board, library notes, mechanical type writers and calculators. It is because, Data or Information is not a substitute for Knowledge. Learning, Teaching and Research are Knowledge-Intensive and not Data-Intensive. Information Technology must be redesigned to deal with Knowledge for which Mathew's Theories of Knowledge and Knowmatics can effectively be employed. They are the basis of Knowledge Industries - mass or industrial production, marketing and consumption of Knowledge.

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  1. 1. DR. RAJU M. MATHEW
  2. 2. DATA,INFORMATION & KNOWLEDGE Information Technology is a combination of Data Processing and Data Communication Technologies. Quite often, Data is called Information and many cases, Data is even called ‘Knowledge’ out of widely prevailed misconceptions. Data is made of ‘bytes’ , a combination of ‘1’s and ‘0’s. When Data is processed, we can generate ‘Information’. Knowledge gives value, relevance and meaning to Information. When knowledge is split or put into application, we can generate Information. But a pile or heap of Information never makes ‘Knowledge’
  3. 3. WHAT IS KNOWLEDGE ? Knowing ‘Knowledge’ is a complex task, compared to that of Data or Information. People rich in Information may be poor in Knowledge, as data rich need not be Information rich. Most of the dictionaries treat Information as Knowledge .Missing knowledge for Information is a common phenomenon, a concern expressed by the poet Eliot in ‘The Waste Land’. Knowledge is built upon ‘Concepts’. Concepts have their own independent existence and meaning. Data or Information cannot exist independently. Structure of Knowledge is non-linear and dynamic. Education, Research, Decision-making and Professional Practices are ‘Knowledge-Based’.
  4. 4. DATA, KNOWLEDGE AND HUMAN BRAIN Can we treat human brain as a Data Processing and Data Storing mechanism ? Biologists and Brain Researchers tell us that the major function of the Brain is collecting, processing, storing and retrieving ‘Data’ or ‘Information’. Can we reduce ‘ dreams’ ‘thoughts’, ideas, plans, decisions, learning, beliefs or imaginations into mere Data or Information? Can we consider the Bible, the Quran or the Vedas as the books of Data or as the books of Knowledge? Though we can find many people who can recite the entire Bible or Quran or Vedas, we cannot find many who can recite an entire telephone directory. Why? Brain is essentially a concept or knowledge processing, storing, recollecting and communication mechanism. It facilitates direct access in stead of serial access.
  5. 5. KNOWLEDGE AND INFORMATION TECNOLOGY Information Technology is built upon not on ‘Knowledge Structure’ but on ‘Data Structure’. On the other hand, Education, consisting of Learning, Teaching, Training and Research, is built upon Knowledge Structure. As and when Education is reduced into Data or Information manipulation, Information Technology dictates the terms of Education and of course the looser is the Humanity, especially the young generation who misses Knowledge for Data. Data or Information cannot empower anybody but Knowledge.
  6. 6. IT and Education IT cannot enter deep in the heart of Education- Teaching, Learning and Research in Schools, Colleges and Universities. Such a realization lead to the birth of Knowmatics- Mathematics and Engineering of Knowledge, to study the nature, structure, production, consumption and marketing of Knowledge. Knowmatics is the basis of Knowledge Industry- mass or industrial production and marketing of Knowledge.
  7. 7. KNOWMATICS For more details about Knowmatics and Mathew’s Theories of Knowledge and their Educational applications, please refer 1): Mathew, R. M. and Mathew, R. R. Knowmatics- A New Revolution in Higher Education, Journal of the World Universities Forum 4,1,2011:1-11. Its video presentation is posted in YouTube; 2) Knowmatics-based Knowledge Industry offers very great business and employment opportunities, besides attractive additional income for the Best Teachers, Experts and Professionals. System, Technology and Business Model for Knowmatics –based Knowledge Industry have already been developed for the potential investors and entrepreneurs.