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Ayurvedic Pharmacology of Cratoeva nurvala & its Pharmacognocy
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Ayurvedic Pharmacology of Cratoeva nurvala & its Pharmacognocy

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  • 1. Crataeva nurvala -j?0f_  Classical categorazition:- varunadi, vattasamarinasan, kaphasmrinasan(su.) , varunadi (v)  LN:- Crataeva nurvala Buch-Ham.) Crataeva religiosa forst  FN:- Capparidaceae –j?0f s'n  SN:- tiktasak, varuna, varna  NN:- l;KnLufg, vfOrf]n  EN:- three-leaved caper.
  • 2. Botanical description:-  A moderate sized deciduous tree 25-30 ft long with much branched crown. Leaves tri-foliate, Leaflate 5- 15cm long and 3.8-6.3cm broad, ovate, lanceolate or obovate, acute or acuminate, the lateral leaflets oblique at the base. Flower many dense terminal corymbs, whitish when young and yellowish when old. Fruits globose or ovoid, woody, smooth. Seeds embedded in pulp, nearly smooth, brown.  Flowering & fruiting in april to may.
  • 3. Distribution in Nepal:- 100-1800mt, east to central. Major chemical constituents:- Lupeol, varunol, rutin,quercetin, b-sitosterol etc.
  • 4. Properties (Guna):- Guna: laghu, ruksha Rasa: tikta & kasay Vipak: katu. Virya: ushna. Pravab: asmarivedan
  • 5. Actions (Karma)  Dosh-karma: kapha-vattsamak & pitt vardhak.  Systemic action  External: Raktokieshak.  Internal:  DS: Dipan,anuloman,pittsarak,vedan,krimighna.  CS: Raktsodhak.  US: Asmarivedan,mutral & sankraman pratirodhi.  Tem. Jwarghna.
  • 6. MAIN USES:- Bark is especially useful in urinary complaints and kidney and bladder stones as Asmari, mutrakrchhra, UTI, Vastisul,vidradhi, g ulma, gandmala, fresh leaves are tonic.
  • 7. Some classical uses:-  Asmari: varun root & stem bark paste as well as decoction. (V.M)  Gandamala: Decoction of varun root is taken with honey.(V.M)  Vyanga: the stem bark of varun is applied externally with goat’s milk.(C.D)  Vataj bedna: shigru & varun root rubbed with kanji is applied externally.(B.P)  Kikkisa: paste of varuna leaves is applied over supra pubic area.(R.M)  Arsha: tub bath with decoction of varuna leaves.(chakradutt)
  • 8.  Parts used: Root & stem bark.  Dosage: Decoction 50-100ml  Important preparation: Varunadi kwath, varunadi ghritt, varunadi tail.
  • 9. ***The End***

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