A moderate sized deciduous tree 25-30 ft long with
much branched crown. Leaves tri-foliate, Leaflate 5-
15cm long and 3.8-6.3cm broad, ovate, lanceolate or
obovate, acute or acuminate, the lateral leaflets oblique
at the base. Flower many dense terminal
corymbs, whitish when young and yellowish when old.
Fruits globose or ovoid, woody, smooth. Seeds
embedded in pulp, nearly smooth, brown.
Flowering & fruiting in april to may.
Distribution in Nepal:-
100-1800mt, east to central.
Major chemical constituents:-
Lupeol, varunol, rutin,quercetin, b-sitosterol
Bark is especially useful in urinary complaints and
kidney and bladder stones as
Asmari, mutrakrchhra, UTI, Vastisul,vidradhi, g
ulma, gandmala, fresh leaves are tonic.
Some classical uses:-
Asmari: varun root & stem bark paste as well as
Gandamala: Decoction of varun root is taken with
Vyanga: the stem bark of varun is applied externally with
Vataj bedna: shigru & varun root rubbed with kanji is
Kikkisa: paste of varuna leaves is applied over supra
Arsha: tub bath with decoction of varuna leaves.(chakradutt)