06b ans & homeostasis

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06b ans & homeostasis

  1. 1. Homeostasis & Autonomic Nervous System 1926, Fritz Kahn
  2. 2. The Cell Water : 70-85% Ions : Na, K, Ca, Mg Proteins : 10-20% Structural and Functional Lipids : 1-2% Carbohydrates : 1-6% (Muscle 3%, Liver 6%)
  3. 3. The Cell
  4. 4. Human Organs
  5. 5. Extracellular Fluid—The “Internal Environment”
  6. 6. Homeostasis - +
  7. 7. Skin
  8. 8. Musculoskeletal System
  9. 9. Calcium Homeostasis
  10. 10. Haemopoitic System
  11. 11. Cardiovascular System
  12. 12. Lymphatic System
  13. 13. Respiratory System
  14. 14. Gastrointestinal System
  15. 15. Blood Glucose Homeostasis
  16. 16. Genitourinary System
  17. 17. Female Reproductive system
  18. 18. Endocrine System
  19. 19. Nervous system
  20. 20. Autonomic Nervous System
  21. 21. Anatomical organization of the somatic and autonomic motor pathways
  22. 22. Sympathetic Nervous system
  23. 23. Anatomical organization of the sympathetic Nerves
  24. 24. Parasympathetic Pathways
  25. 25. Sensory Components of the Visceral Motor System
  26. 26. Neurotransmission in the Visceral Motor System
  27. 27. Autonomic Regulation of Cardiovascular Function
  28. 28. The Enteric Nervous System
  29. 29. Autonomic Regulation of the Bladder
  30. 30. Autonomic Regulation of Sexual Function
  31. 31. Female Reproductive organ
  32. 32. Higher Control of the Autonomic Nervous System
  33. 33. The Hypothalamus
  34. 34. Hypothalamus
  35. 35. Hypothalamic afferents from Limbic System
  36. 36. Hypothalamic afferents from Cerebral Cortex
  37. 37. Hypothalamic efferents to thalamus and mammillary body
  38. 38. Hypothalamic efferents to Pituitary gland and Frontal Lobe
  39. 39. Hypothalamic control of Endocrine system
  40. 40. Homeostatic processes can be analyzed in terms of control systems
  41. 41. Temperature Regulation
  42. 42. Feeding Behavior Is Regulated by a Variety of Mechanisms
  43. 43. Feeding Behavior
  44. 44. Dual Controlling Elements in the Hypothalamus Contribute to the Control of Food Intake •Lateral Hypothalamus •Feeding center •Medial Hypothalamus •Satiety center
  45. 45. Food Intake Is Controlled by Short-Term and Long-Term Cues
  46. 46. Hypothalamus and Energy Homeostasis
  47. 47. Drinking Is Regulated by Tissue Osmolality and Vascular Volume
  48. 48. Thanks

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