DR.PRIYA.S, II year M.D           ICM, MMC.    census   11/19/12     1
DEFINITION
HISTORY OF CENSUS
   IN 1872,Mr.W.W.PLOWDEN ( CENSUS    COMMISSIONER )   IN 1949—MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS         OFFICE OF REGISTAR     ...
census   11/19/12                    6
   WHY CENSUS NECESSARY?
   Revising country’s progress in the past decade   Monitoring ongoing scheme   Plan for future   Reservation of seats...
Who conducts census?          census   11/19/12                              11
CENSUSHIERARCHY            census   11/19/12                                12
How census 2011 was conducted ???          census   11/19/12                              13
   A) PLANNING FOR CENSUS      2011
census   11/19/12                    16
census   11/19/12                    17
   GOVT OF INDIA   PUBLISHED IN GAZETTE OF    INDIA
State/ut       35districts      640subdistricts   5924town           7936villges        > 6lakh
1 Enumerator      EB ( 120 – 150 house hold)Each Enumerator – Honararium –            Rs.4,450/- - Phase I           Rs.4,...
with revisional round
Two forms – Each household    First form              Second form(House listing form)         (NPR form)                  ...
NPR   It is a register of usual    residents of the country.   Comprehensive data base.   Comes under citizenship act  ...
NPR             PROCESScensus   11/19/12                       37
census   11/19/12                    38
Enumerator goes back - household                          2 Questions    Any new visitor (not             Any birth / deat...
   Enumerator or supervisor is appointed under   this act—Have certain rights and Penalties Rights—To enter the house f...
   Slogan of census 2011 – ‘our Census our future’.   It is the 15th Census since 1872   7th Census since independence...
   No. of languages (Schedules) - 16   No. of languages (Training Manuals) - 18   Paper utilised – More than11 million ...
   1st time - NPR of usual residents were    created (Biometrics)    Issue of Smart Card with 12 digit UID    No. to all ...
   CENSUS 2011– PROVISIONAL RESULTS
51.54%
2011           2001Population        1.21 billion   1.02 billion% Decadal         17.64%         21.15%GrowthSex Ratio    ...
POPULATION a
   .High TFR   .Low Literacy and Women Status   .Less effective Governance   .More Traditional Values and Customs    ...
Gap between India & China           2001            2011       238 million       131 million This is because (growth rate...
   Top 5 Populous States    1) Uttar Pradesh – 199 million    2) Maharashtra -- 112.4 million    3) Bihar         -- 1...
   % DECADAL GROWTH RATE
   % Decadal growth rate has    decreased during 2001—    2011Compared to 1991—2001    in all states and UT except in    ...
   ( ANNUAL GROWTH RATE )
CHILD POPULATION ( 0—6 YRS )
   Total No. of Child Population 0    —6 yrs as per Census 2011    Provisional Results is 158.8    million about 5 millio...
CONTD….   10 STATES          < 2%   14 STATES          2—3%   10 STATES          >3%   THIS IS DEFINITELY A POSITIVE ...
RANKING OF STATES ( CHILD POPULATION )
GENDER COMPOSITION OF POPULATION
State Statistics—Overall Sex RatioOverall sex ratio has increased by 7points ( 933 to 940)Except in 3 states . Jammu and K...
   TOP 3 STATES       1) KERALA ( 1084 )       2) TN    ( 995 )       3) ANDHRA( 992 )   LOWEST STATE– HARYANA ( 877 ...
   CHILD SEX RATIO ( 0—6yrs )
State Statistics— Child Sex Ratio.When compared with 2001,Child sexratio has declined from 927 to 914Except in . Punjab   ...
HIGHEST STATE --MIZORAM (971)LOWEST STATE – HARYANA (836)HIGHEST UT   -- ANDAMAN (966)LOWEST UT    -- DELHI ( 866 )
LITERACY RATE
GENDER GAP IS DECREASINGMALE LITERACY RATE ↑ BY ONLY 6.88% BUT FEMALE LITERACY RATE ↑ BY 11.79%
   LITERACY RATE IN EAG (68%) < NON    EAG(70%)   BUT MOST IMPORTANT - % ↑ IN NO.    OF LITERATES IN ALL EAG STATES IS  ...
   None of the states/ UT had reported literacy    rate < 60%   Ten states achieved literacy rate > 85% -    target set ...
   Top 5 States    1) Kerala ( Highest ) – 93.91%   2) Lakshadweep        -- 92.28%   3) Mizoram            --91.58%  ...
MALE_FEMALE GAP IN EFFECTIVE LITERACY               RATE
DENSITY OF POPULATION
DENSITY OF POPULATION FROM 1901--2011
   Highest Density State – Bihar ( 1,102 )   Lowest Density State -- Arunalchal (17   Highest Density Union territory— ...
   SUMMARY OF    PROVISIONAL RESULTS
ENCOURAGING                  DISTRESSINGISSUES                       ISSUES% Decadal growth is          General popn isChi...
BEST PERFORMER                   WORST PERFORMERKERALA                           BIHARLOWEST PERCENTAGE DECADAL        HIG...
Total popn.is 7,21,38,958 ( 7th place ) ( 5.96%)                  TN              INDIA%Decadal          15.6%          17...
RANKING OF DISTRICTS__POPN   Most populous district– Chennai ( 46 lakhs )                          Kancheepuram( 39 lak)...
RANKING OF DISTRICTS _SEXRATIO   HIGHEST---NILGIRIS ( 1041)          ---THANJAVUR (1031 )   LOWEST ---DHARMAPURI ( 946 )
A     Independent India’s 1 st Caste              Census India’s caste census – Caste break up of    1.21 billion – launc...
Caste census—socio economic survey —determine no.living BPLConducted by Rural & Urban Ministry—State Govt.
BPL                             NOT BPL Without shelter            Families with motorised vehicle / two                ...
Contd…    Alarming Skewed child sex ratio (909   838), Govt. planned         no. of health department inspection teams (4...
Contd…   This rise is due to strict implementation of    PNDT act, 1994   Health education of public – Gender equity   ...
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Census 2011 ppt

  1. 1. DR.PRIYA.S, II year M.D ICM, MMC. census 11/19/12 1
  2. 2. DEFINITION
  3. 3. HISTORY OF CENSUS
  4. 4.  IN 1872,Mr.W.W.PLOWDEN ( CENSUS COMMISSIONER ) IN 1949—MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS OFFICE OF REGISTAR GENERAL AND CENSUS COMMISSIONER
  5. 5. census 11/19/12 6
  6. 6.  WHY CENSUS NECESSARY?
  7. 7.  Revising country’s progress in the past decade Monitoring ongoing scheme Plan for future Reservation of seats in constituencies – parliament/assembly/panchayat and other local bodies To make decisions regarding public welfare Census data is also used by international agencies,scholars,business people,industrialist s etc. census 11/19/12 9
  8. 8. Who conducts census? census 11/19/12 11
  9. 9. CENSUSHIERARCHY census 11/19/12 12
  10. 10. How census 2011 was conducted ??? census 11/19/12 13
  11. 11.  A) PLANNING FOR CENSUS 2011
  12. 12. census 11/19/12 16
  13. 13. census 11/19/12 17
  14. 14.  GOVT OF INDIA PUBLISHED IN GAZETTE OF INDIA
  15. 15. State/ut 35districts 640subdistricts 5924town 7936villges > 6lakh
  16. 16. 1 Enumerator EB ( 120 – 150 house hold)Each Enumerator – Honararium – Rs.4,450/- - Phase I Rs.4,050/- - Phase II
  17. 17. with revisional round
  18. 18. Two forms – Each household First form Second form(House listing form) (NPR form) New initiative in 2011
  19. 19. NPR It is a register of usual residents of the country. Comprehensive data base. Comes under citizenship act 1955 and citizenship rules 2003. census 11/19/12 35
  20. 20. NPR PROCESScensus 11/19/12 37
  21. 21. census 11/19/12 38
  22. 22. Enumerator goes back - household 2 Questions Any new visitor (not Any birth / deathenumerated already) since since last visit but before last visit but before 0.00hrs of 1st March 2011 0.00hrs of 1st March 2011 If yes If Yes  Update form - birth fill in fresh form  Cancel entry - death
  23. 23.  Enumerator or supervisor is appointed under this act—Have certain rights and Penalties Rights—To enter the house for census purpose --- To affix no.on the buildings --- To ask all questions in the schedule --- To obtain answers from the respondents PENALTIES– For refusing to perform duty --Putting offensive/ improper questions -- Disclosing any informationUpto Rs.1000 & Imprisonment upto 3 yrs
  24. 24.  Slogan of census 2011 – ‘our Census our future’. It is the 15th Census since 1872 7th Census since independence Largest census in the human history ever conducted by any Government till now. No. of census functionaries – 2.7 million Covering 640 districts 5924 sub-districts 5767 Tehsils 7742 towns > 6 lakhs villages
  25. 25.  No. of languages (Schedules) - 16 No. of languages (Training Manuals) - 18 Paper utilised – More than11 million tones Total cost – 2209 crores In house listing – New questions on assets added In population enumeration – New questions added
  26. 26.  1st time - NPR of usual residents were created (Biometrics) Issue of Smart Card with 12 digit UID No. to all usual residents. Census in school – New initiative.
  27. 27.  CENSUS 2011– PROVISIONAL RESULTS
  28. 28. 51.54%
  29. 29. 2011 2001Population 1.21 billion 1.02 billion% Decadal 17.64% 21.15%GrowthSex Ratio 940 933Child Sex Ratio 914 927Effective 74% 64.83%Literacy RateFor Male 82.14% 75.26%For Female 65.46% 53.67%
  30. 30. POPULATION a
  31. 31.  .High TFR .Low Literacy and Women Status .Less effective Governance .More Traditional Values and Customs 8 States ( 43% to 46% Popn ) .Rajasthan . Jharkhand . Uttarakhand . Uttarpradesh . Bihar . Madhya Pradesh . Chattisgarh . Orissa
  32. 32. Gap between India & China 2001 2011 238 million 131 million This is because (growth rate of China is 0.53% but India – 1.64%) By 2030 – India may beat China
  33. 33.  Top 5 Populous States 1) Uttar Pradesh – 199 million 2) Maharashtra -- 112.4 million 3) Bihar -- 103.8 million 4) West Bengal -- 91.3 million 5) Andhra -- 84.7 million Least Populated is Lakshadweep- 64,429 TN in 7th Place with 7 Crores
  34. 34.  % DECADAL GROWTH RATE
  35. 35.  % Decadal growth rate has decreased during 2001— 2011Compared to 1991—2001 in all states and UT except in TN, Puducherry and Chattisgarh
  36. 36.  ( ANNUAL GROWTH RATE )
  37. 37. CHILD POPULATION ( 0—6 YRS )
  38. 38.  Total No. of Child Population 0 —6 yrs as per Census 2011 Provisional Results is 158.8 million about 5 million less than the No. recorded in 2001
  39. 39. CONTD…. 10 STATES < 2% 14 STATES 2—3% 10 STATES >3% THIS IS DEFINITELY A POSITIVE SIGN
  40. 40. RANKING OF STATES ( CHILD POPULATION )
  41. 41. GENDER COMPOSITION OF POPULATION
  42. 42. State Statistics—Overall Sex RatioOverall sex ratio has increased by 7points ( 933 to 940)Except in 3 states . Jammu and Kashmir . Bihar . Gujarat
  43. 43.  TOP 3 STATES 1) KERALA ( 1084 ) 2) TN ( 995 ) 3) ANDHRA( 992 ) LOWEST STATE– HARYANA ( 877 ) LOWEST UT -- DAMAN & DIU ( 618 )
  44. 44.  CHILD SEX RATIO ( 0—6yrs )
  45. 45. State Statistics— Child Sex Ratio.When compared with 2001,Child sexratio has declined from 927 to 914Except in . Punjab . Haryana . Himachalpradesh . Gujarat . Tamil Nadu . Mizoram . Andaman
  46. 46. HIGHEST STATE --MIZORAM (971)LOWEST STATE – HARYANA (836)HIGHEST UT -- ANDAMAN (966)LOWEST UT -- DELHI ( 866 )
  47. 47. LITERACY RATE
  48. 48. GENDER GAP IS DECREASINGMALE LITERACY RATE ↑ BY ONLY 6.88% BUT FEMALE LITERACY RATE ↑ BY 11.79%
  49. 49.  LITERACY RATE IN EAG (68%) < NON EAG(70%) BUT MOST IMPORTANT - % ↑ IN NO. OF LITERATES IN ALL EAG STATES IS REMARKABLE.  BIHAR (74.83%)  JHARKHAND(59.24%)  U.P(56.4%)
  50. 50.  None of the states/ UT had reported literacy rate < 60% Ten states achieved literacy rate > 85% - target set by planning commission for 2010- 2012 All states and UT have male literacy > 70% All states and UT have female literacy >50% For the 1st time, female literacy rate crossed 50% in EAG states
  51. 51.  Top 5 States 1) Kerala ( Highest ) – 93.91% 2) Lakshadweep -- 92.28% 3) Mizoram --91.58% 4) Tripura - 87.4% 5) Goa -87.7% Lowest in Bihar -- 63.82% TN in 14th place -- 80.33%
  52. 52. MALE_FEMALE GAP IN EFFECTIVE LITERACY RATE
  53. 53. DENSITY OF POPULATION
  54. 54. DENSITY OF POPULATION FROM 1901--2011
  55. 55.  Highest Density State – Bihar ( 1,102 ) Lowest Density State -- Arunalchal (17 Highest Density Union territory— Delhi( 11,297 ) Lowest Density Union territory – Andaman ( 46 ) TN in 6th Place--555
  56. 56.  SUMMARY OF PROVISIONAL RESULTS
  57. 57. ENCOURAGING DISTRESSINGISSUES ISSUES% Decadal growth is General popn isChild popn is Child sex ratio is ( 927-914)Overall sex ratio is (933— Density of popn is ( 325—940 ) 382 )Overall,male & femaleliteracy rate is% in Literacy & % inIlliteracy rate is more infemales
  58. 58. BEST PERFORMER WORST PERFORMERKERALA BIHARLOWEST PERCENTAGE DECADAL HIGHEST PERCENTAGE DECADALGROWTH IN POPULATION IN INDIA GROWTH(25.07%)(4.86%)HIGHEST LITERACY RATE IN INDIA LOWEST LITERACY RATE(63.82%)(93.91%)HIGHEST MALE AND FEMALE LOWEST MALE AND FEMALELITERACY RATE IN INDIA (96% & LITERCY RATE (73.39% &53.33%)91.98%)HIGHEST SEX RATIO (1038 5TH LOWEST SEX RATIO (916/1000FEMALES /1000 MALES) MALES) census 11/19/12 117
  59. 59. Total popn.is 7,21,38,958 ( 7th place ) ( 5.96%) TN INDIA%Decadal 15.6% 17.64%growthDensity 555 382Sex ratio 995 940Child sex ratio 946 914Literacy rate 80.33% 74.04%For males 86.81% 82.14%For females 73.86% 65.46%
  60. 60. RANKING OF DISTRICTS__POPN Most populous district– Chennai ( 46 lakhs ) Kancheepuram( 39 lak) Least populated district-Perambulur ( 5.65 lakhs )
  61. 61. RANKING OF DISTRICTS _SEXRATIO HIGHEST---NILGIRIS ( 1041) ---THANJAVUR (1031 ) LOWEST ---DHARMAPURI ( 946 )
  62. 62. A Independent India’s 1 st Caste Census India’s caste census – Caste break up of 1.21 billion – launched 1st started – Remote tribal dominant village – 45km north of Tripura – Agartala Enumerator – coming back In general census 2011 In caste census 2011 – SC., ST, Others, No Caste
  63. 63. Caste census—socio economic survey —determine no.living BPLConducted by Rural & Urban Ministry—State Govt.
  64. 64. BPL NOT BPL Without shelter  Families with motorised vehicle / two wheeler Destitutes  Concrete house Beggars, Scavengers  House ≥ 3 rooms TRIBAL S.C,  Fixed phone, fishing boat legally released bonded  Agricultural equipment labourers Household headed by  Pay Professional / Income Tax women with no men between 16 – 59 years Household with no  Have a family member in Govt. literate service > 25 years  Income - > 10,000 / month  Kisan cards > 50,000
  65. 65. Contd…  Alarming Skewed child sex ratio (909 838), Govt. planned no. of health department inspection teams (4) equipping with devices like hidden cameras and voice recorder. Govt.planned Reward money – Person who complains about USG clinic (true). Rs.1,000/- Rs.5,000/-
  66. 66. Contd… This rise is due to strict implementation of PNDT act, 1994 Health education of public – Gender equity Rs.10,000 for the informer – sex selective abortion
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