Instructional Value of Storytelling - Sloan-C
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The Instructional Value of Storytelling, Sloan-C Emerging Technologies Conference, June 18, 2009, San Francisco, CA

The Instructional Value of Storytelling, Sloan-C Emerging Technologies Conference, June 18, 2009, San Francisco, CA

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Instructional Value of Storytelling - Sloan-C Instructional Value of Storytelling - Sloan-C Presentation Transcript

  • STORIES
    The Instructional Value of Storytelling
    Dr. Patricia McGee (UTSA)
    Sloan-C Conference
    San Francisco, CA
    6.18.2009
  • Who are we?
    • Educator
    • Technical staff
    • Instructional Designer
    • Developer
    • Other
  • Learning across life through stories
  • Cultural identity
    Personal narrative
    Knowledge management
    Collective consciousness
    Lifelong learning
  • Digital Storytelling
    … the practice of combining narrative with digital content, including images, sound, and video, to create a short movie, typically with a strong emotional component.
    EDUCAUSE 7 things you need to know
  • Digital Pedagogies
    … those instructional frameworks that are used specifically within technology-mediated learning settings.
    • Connectivism
    • Gaming
    • Virtual/immersive
    • Informal learning
  • Community of Practice
    “… a process of social learning that occurs when people who have a common interest in some subject or problem collaborate over an extended period to share ideas, find solutions, and build innovations
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Community_of_practice
  • Storytelling as..
  • How can we make sure learning happens?
  • How instruction typically gets attention
  • There will be a test!
  • There will be a test!
  • Facts
    Procedures
    Principles
    Strategies
    Critical thinking
    Problem solving
    Creative thinking
  • Stories in the real world tell us…
    • What to do + why to do it
    • What is valued
    • Often informal yet enculturated
    • Measurement of what is known
    • Indicator of what knowledge means
    • Conveyor of authority structure
  • Story as…
    scenario
    problem
  • Publication Model of Community
  • Portfolio Model of Community
  • Structure and Design
    What works
  • What we know about stories …
  • 7 elements of storytelling
    The Center for Digital Storytelling
  • Design Frameworks
    Learner
    • Citizen Journalism
    • How-to teaching others
    • Persuasion
    • Puzzle
    Designer
    • Inquiry
    • Learner as Expert/ SME
    • Debate
    • Mystery
  • Journalistic Storytelling
  • Is a digital story ever done?
    Re-telling and learning
  • Re-telling
    Parable
    Legend
    Fable
  • Re-telling?
    Different archetypes?
  • Archetypal plots
    (Pearson, 1998)
  • Design Frameworks
    Learner
    • Self-reflection
    • Journalism
    • Creative Writing
    • Multiple POVs
    Pedagogy
    • Peer feedback/interviewing
    • Peer reviews
    • Connected storytelling
  • Does it matter how a story is told?
    Process and intention
  • Telling a fable
    (Snowden, 2004)
  • Story structure frameworks
    Histrionic
    Digressive
    Polytrophic
    Teleological
  • Jennifer Poo
  • Dialogic storytelling
    Burbules (1983)
  • O’Neill, 2002
    HIGH Need Fulfillment
    TIME
    A
    R
    C
    S
    LOW
    Color
    HIGH
    Color
    Keller, 1999
    LOW Need Fulfillment
  • Interactive storytelling
  • ?
  • Just because we use a method
    Doesn’t mean we are telling an effective story or that students are learning
  • Telling + teaching
    ENGAGEMENTof the listener/learner through multiple means
    PREPARATION of the listener/learner for future learning
  • Things Smallby Cynthia Dassler
  • Co-narration
  • Learners telling stories
  • Novices
    Focus on discrete details
    Capture empirical information
    Focus on the use of formulas and previously learned strategies
    Operate at lower levels of thinking
    Caveat: Learners are not novices at everything
  • Experts
    Have deep and complex memory of information
    Have situational and applied frameworks to quickly retrieve knowledge
    ‘See’ the underlying theory, models, and principle
    Focus on understanding the problems
    Caveat: Teachers are not experts at everything
  • Mental Function and Skill Level: Five Stage Model
    Workplace experience
    (Dreyfus & Dreyfus, 1980, p. 15)
  • SOLO Taxonomy
    Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes
  • Many tools operate at novice level
    Heroes among us
    THIRST
  • HURRIERModel of Listening
    TRANSFER
  • Process of Digital Processing
    TRANSFER
  • Social Media
    keitaishousetsu– cell phone novels
    Twitter
    Blogs
    Phones
    iPods
    Games
    Facebook
    Skype
    YouTube
    Meetup
    Flickr
    Ustream
    The Sims
  • Design Frameworks
    Learner
    Portfolio
    Cases
    Debate
    Problem Solving
    Portfolio
    Pedagogy
    Peer/Expert critique
    Cooperation
    Collaboration
    Distributed intelligence
    Games
  • Engage
  • MIT Museum w/o Walls
  • Critical Reflection
    (Brookfield 1987, 1991, 1995)
  • Critical Reflection
  • Connectedness
    Wisdom
    Understanding principles
    Knowledge
    Understanding patterns
    Information
    Understanding relations
    Understanding
    Data
    (Bellinger, Castro & Mills, 2004)
  • Building Community
    • Design for growth & change
    • Create and maintain feedback loops
    • Empower members over time
    Kim, A. J., (2000). Community building on the web.Peachpit Press.
  • Contributive Pedagogy
    • Social Justice Action
    • Citizen Journalism
    • Mentoring
    • How-to Teaching
    • Social Network
  • And that’s the end of the story!
    Patricia.mcgee@utsa.edu