Bridging the Analog-Digital Divide in Geology<br />Miocene  paleogeography by Ron Blakey, NAU<br />P. Kyle House<br />Neva...
You say you [don’t] want a revolution?  Too bad.<br />The [geo]sciences  are undergoing  an incremental technological revo...
Geologic Mapping as Example<br />Data Collection: <br />digital photos, digital ink, gps, LiDAR<br />Data Interpretation a...
Smart geologic maps can be your friends!<br />Integrated with topography<br />Multiple layers<br />Interactive<br />Collab...
First-order transition from dumb map to smart map is a huge step<br />
Virtual globes are a giant leap<br />Middle Owyhee River, OR<br />
Making a smarter map is easy, bro!<br />
Using analog ink to create digital data… <br />Adapx.com<br />Livescribe.com<br />
Your field traverses are a rich data source<br />
The uncanny obviousness of geotagging your field photographs<br />You are a geologist.<br />You take pictures of things be...
More on the utter obviousness of geotagging<br />Check out ‘geosetter’<br />
Geotagged photos made simple by Google<br />Instant kml karma<br />
Not geotagging your field photos is stupid!<br />
Gigapixel Photography: Made for Geology<br />Double Spring landslide complex, Owyhee River, OR http://gigapan.org/gigapans...
Just Google: ‘Owyhee Gigapan’!<br />
Essential Tools for Office Compilation<br />You can’t sign your name with a computer mouse.What makes you think you can ma...
Visualization and Compilation with  Virtual Globes<br />The best reason for a second monitor, or one really big one<br />
A little LiDAR can help…<br />Double Spring landslide complex, Owyhee River, OR<br />
Sure a hillshade is good, but holy cr@p this is cool:<br />Walker River narrows near Schurz, NV<br />
geoWeb 2.0: Collaborative mapping<br />Geology thrives on collaboration<br />Attachments and e-mail threads are inefficien...
Simple Online collaborative mapping: Google’s ‘My Maps’<br />
Nevada Digital Dirt Mapping Project: Phase 1<br />Compiled 100k Lines<br />Unified Map…first cut<br />
Geologic Data Portals…they already exist<br />
There’s more on the internets!<br />http://geologicfroth.wordpress.com/<br />http://geofroth.posterous.com/<br />
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Bridging the Analog-Digital Gap in Geology

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Slides from my talk at the Annual Meeting of the Association of Engineering Geologists, Stateline, Nevada, September 24, 2009.

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  • BRIDGING THE ANALOG-DIGITAL DIVIDE IN GEOLOGY HOUSE, P. Kyle, Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology, University of Nevada, M.S., 178, Reno, NV 89557, khouse@unr.edu Traditional methods and concepts of geology can be easily combined with contemporary digital and web-based applications to forever change the dissemination, accessibility, and scope of geoscience information. The growing array of web-based geospatial applications, online venues for collaboration and data sharing, and novel applications of digital photography collectively provide an unprecedented but underutilized toolset for geoscience research, education, and outreach. A new paradigm of scientific behavior is afoot. Geologists need to explore and adopt the related technological developments more widely. I believe that resistance to adoption is motivated by anxiety about technology and new concepts of data sharing, collaboration, and publication. Resistance appears to follow broad generational and, in part, institutional trends. Over time, increasingly high data-developer and end-user expectations will render a significant paradigm shift inevitable, so opting-out early is a poor choice. Such a shift does not have to be difficult. Some tools are simple to use and provide immediate and powerful results. Others are more complex, but afford practicing geoscientists with unprecedented amounts of information and a means with which to easily organize, visualize, and interpret it. In my experience, simple demonstrations of various digital applications can help cross the threshold between reluctance and enthusiasm. Embracing the simple is the first step in approaching the complex and there are many applications lying along that continuum. More will certainly develop. As more and more geologic data become widely and systematically available, the potential for discovery will increase remarkably.
  • Enhanced contextual experience is huge.Smart maps can revolutionize the dissemination of geologic dataGeologic maps are exceptionally collaborative products, particularly now.Traditional methods and concepts of geology can be easily combined with contemporary digital and web-based applications to forever change the dissemination, accessibility, and scope of geoscience information. The growing array of web-based geospatial applications, online venues for collaboration and data sharing, and novel applications of digital photography collectively provide an unprecedented but underutilized toolset for geoscience research, education, and outreach. A new paradigm of scientific behavior is afoot. Geologists need to explore and adopt the related technological developments more widely. I believe that resistance to adoption is motivated by anxiety about technology and new concepts of data sharing, collaboration, and publication. Resistance appears to follow broad generational and, in part, institutional trends. Over time, increasingly high data-developer and end-user expectations will render a significant paradigm shift inevitable, so opting-out early is a poor choice. Such a shift does not have to be difficult. Some tools are simple to use and provide immediate and powerful results. Others are more complex, but afford practicing geoscientists with unprecedented amounts of information and a means with which to easily organize, visualize, and interpret it. In my experience, simple demonstrations of various digital applications can help cross the threshold between reluctance and enthusiasm. Embracing the simple is the first step in approaching the complex and there are many applications lying along that continuum. More will certainly develop. As more and more geologic data become widely and systematically available, the potential for discovery will increase remarkably.
  • Geologic maps are complex and elegant distillations of the collection, interpretation, development, and characterization of geologic data.
  • Presentation mode for new ArcGIS Explorer can really maximize instructional potential of virtual globes. A potentially huge advance.
  • Possible to integrate all of the tools discussed into one place to develop an enriching experience.Not at all simple with ESRI ProductsEnhances understanding Supplements explanationAids review processEasily sharedMeets expectationsVersatile
  • This is a huge innovation that can quell the nerves of nearly every luddite. It bridges the admittedly huge gap between the intuitive nature of simply writing with the less intuitive nature of entering data in the field. This conforms to long established field protocols that even I follow
  • Every field geologist should have a gps if not to simply archive their activitiesData for your records, to substantiate the map, and to allow other to know where you were
  • This slide brings up the elephant of the gps unit...isn’t everyone using one of these now?Simple, systematic, detailed record of field traverses. Useful for geotagging photos among other things.Come on ESRI, make this easier to work with.
  • Online albums allow for commenting from invited or even uninvited observers; can be tagged; etc.
  • This tool can revolutionize your map-making. If you get one and it doesn’t appeal to you, you may need to seek counseling.
  • Indispensible tool for visualizing your field area once back in the officeCan also export kml to shapefiles if some key features are easier to map with GE
  • Collaborative given the scale of the subject and the features of interestMany geos have stopped at emailGeotagging photographs is a geologists dream come true, isn’t it?The more spatially correct data and observations that are available, the more discoveries that can be madeExisting tools work for compilation, review, outreach, researchMapping on your freaking phone!Requires a paradigm shift in authorship, usage rights and expectations, and an end to some previously ‘static’ publicationsThe paper map /paper paper model is going away, it is certain to go away.I can think of at least one paper in the last year, published in a prestigious scientific journal, that could have benefitted immensely from a collaborative input process.
  • This is the future of geologic mapping….I’m sure of it..now make it work.
  • For distributing geologic data, but not editing it collaboratively
  • Transcript of "Bridging the Analog-Digital Gap in Geology"

    1. 1. Bridging the Analog-Digital Divide in Geology<br />Miocene paleogeography by Ron Blakey, NAU<br />P. Kyle House<br />Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology<br />University of Nevada<br />
    2. 2. You say you [don’t] want a revolution? Too bad.<br />The [geo]sciences are undergoing an incremental technological revolution<br />Change more inevitable with each graduating class<br />Heightened expectations of end users<br />dogmatic and pragmatic resistance<br />Improved collaboration, visualization, and dissemination will ultimately enrich our science tremendously<br />
    3. 3. Geologic Mapping as Example<br />Data Collection: <br />digital photos, digital ink, gps, LiDAR<br />Data Interpretation and Development: <br />GIS, virtual globes<br />Data distribution: <br />Web publication, collaborative GIS, data sharing<br />
    4. 4. Smart geologic maps can be your friends!<br />Integrated with topography<br />Multiple layers<br />Interactive<br />Collaborative<br />Easily updatable<br />Interoperable / distributable<br />
    5. 5. First-order transition from dumb map to smart map is a huge step<br />
    6. 6. Virtual globes are a giant leap<br />Middle Owyhee River, OR<br />
    7. 7. Making a smarter map is easy, bro!<br />
    8. 8. Using analog ink to create digital data… <br />Adapx.com<br />Livescribe.com<br />
    9. 9. Your field traverses are a rich data source<br />
    10. 10. The uncanny obviousness of geotagging your field photographs<br />You are a geologist.<br />You take pictures of things because of both what they are and where they are.<br />There are simple ways to embed location into photos.<br />Start tomorrow.<br />
    11. 11. More on the utter obviousness of geotagging<br />Check out ‘geosetter’<br />
    12. 12. Geotagged photos made simple by Google<br />Instant kml karma<br />
    13. 13. Not geotagging your field photos is stupid!<br />
    14. 14. Gigapixel Photography: Made for Geology<br />Double Spring landslide complex, Owyhee River, OR http://gigapan.org/gigapans/30814/<br />
    15. 15. Just Google: ‘Owyhee Gigapan’!<br />
    16. 16. Essential Tools for Office Compilation<br />You can’t sign your name with a computer mouse.What makes you think you can map with one?<br />Digitizing Tablet: good<br />Digitizing LCD Panel: amazing<br />Wacom Cintiq 21ux<br />Worth every penny.<br />
    17. 17. Visualization and Compilation with Virtual Globes<br />The best reason for a second monitor, or one really big one<br />
    18. 18. A little LiDAR can help…<br />Double Spring landslide complex, Owyhee River, OR<br />
    19. 19. Sure a hillshade is good, but holy cr@p this is cool:<br />Walker River narrows near Schurz, NV<br />
    20. 20. geoWeb 2.0: Collaborative mapping<br />Geology thrives on collaboration<br />Attachments and e-mail threads are inefficient<br />Geologists are widely dispersed<br />Huge research, teaching, and outreach potential<br />Meets rising tide of expectations <br />
    21. 21. Simple Online collaborative mapping: Google’s ‘My Maps’<br />
    22. 22. Nevada Digital Dirt Mapping Project: Phase 1<br />Compiled 100k Lines<br />Unified Map…first cut<br />
    23. 23. Geologic Data Portals…they already exist<br />
    24. 24. There’s more on the internets!<br />http://geologicfroth.wordpress.com/<br />http://geofroth.posterous.com/<br />
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