Patient Education <ul><li>Patient has the right to receive instruction about how to manage their own health needs </li></u...
Patient education <ul><li>Most of patients will be adults </li></ul><ul><li>Adults prefers a group learning atmosphere </l...
Teaching Methods and strategy <ul><li>Lecture </li></ul><ul><li>Role Play </li></ul><ul><li>Case Problems </li></ul><ul><l...
Road blocks to effective patients learning are <ul><li>Ordering, commanding and directing patient to learn </li></ul><ul><...
Teaching the older adult <ul><li>Older patients abilities, motivations and social circumstances differ from younger patien...
Patient Education <ul><li>Handling noncompliance (problem of all ages, but children has less) </li></ul><ul><li>Patients w...
Nutrition <ul><li>Nutrition includes all the process involved in using food for growth,repair,and maintenance of the body....
Nutrition and Diet <ul><li>The study of nutrition is performed by nutritionist and dietitians </li></ul><ul><li>Typical Am...
Digestion <ul><li>Conversion of food into chemical substances that can be absorbed into the blood </li></ul><ul><li>Physic...
Classification of Nutrients <ul><li>Nutrients are the organic and inorganic chemical substances found in food that supply ...
Carbohydrates <ul><li>Main source of energy from food </li></ul><ul><li>Simple sugar(monosaccharide of glucose,galactose a...
Proteins <ul><li>Also called the “building blocks of the body since they for the base for every living cell. </li></ul><ul...
Fats <ul><li>Also called lipids, can be classified in saturated and unsaturated. Fat do not dissolve in water </li></ul><u...
Water <ul><li>Considered a vital nutrient necessary for survival </li></ul><ul><li>Water compose 50-60% of the human body ...
Types of diets <ul><li>Clear liquid diet (clear soup, plain gelatin, black coffee) </li></ul><ul><li>Full liquid diet (all...
Types of diets <ul><li>High protein diet (recommended for patients recovering from bone injuries) </li></ul><ul><li>Diabet...
 
Emergencies and First Aid <ul><li>Medical Assistant plays a very important part in a team composed by a MD,RN,PA,NP,etc </...
First Aid kit and Crash cart <ul><li>First aid kit contains assortments of airways,bite block, manual resuscitator,splinti...
Emergencies <ul><li>Airway obstruction </li></ul><ul><li>Abdominal pain </li></ul><ul><li>Allergic reactions </li></ul><ul...
Emergencies and First Aid <ul><li>Cerebrovascular Accident (stroke) </li></ul><ul><li>Chest pain </li></ul><ul><li>Convuls...
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Patients Education

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Brief description of patient's rigth to be educates about their health

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Patients Education

  1. 1. Patient Education <ul><li>Patient has the right to receive instruction about how to manage their own health needs </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Assistant or Health Educator is the person of choice </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition knowledge and chronic diseases anatomo-physiology is recommended </li></ul>
  2. 2. Patient education <ul><li>Most of patients will be adults </li></ul><ul><li>Adults prefers a group learning atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Education will be affected by reading level, use of vocabulary, ethnic, etc </li></ul>
  3. 3. Teaching Methods and strategy <ul><li>Lecture </li></ul><ul><li>Role Play </li></ul><ul><li>Case Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstration </li></ul><ul><li>Contracting </li></ul><ul><li>Use of significant other </li></ul><ul><li>Past experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Group teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Programmed instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Simulation(games) </li></ul><ul><li>Test of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Printed handouts </li></ul><ul><li>Diagrams </li></ul><ul><li>Models </li></ul><ul><li>Film </li></ul>
  4. 4. Road blocks to effective patients learning are <ul><li>Ordering, commanding and directing patient to learn </li></ul><ul><li>Warning or threatening </li></ul><ul><li>Moralizing or preaching </li></ul><ul><li>Judging </li></ul><ul><li>Criticizing </li></ul><ul><li>Name-call, stereotyping, labeling </li></ul><ul><li>Sarcasm </li></ul>
  5. 5. Teaching the older adult <ul><li>Older patients abilities, motivations and social circumstances differ from younger patients </li></ul><ul><li>Slowed processing time </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased short-term memory </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased dexterity </li></ul><ul><li>Increased anxiety over new situations </li></ul>
  6. 6. Patient Education <ul><li>Handling noncompliance (problem of all ages, but children has less) </li></ul><ul><li>Patients with good relation with their providers are more compliant </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Assistant can reinforce learning and reduce noncompliance </li></ul><ul><li>Medical assistant can follow up patients education progress </li></ul>
  7. 7. Nutrition <ul><li>Nutrition includes all the process involved in using food for growth,repair,and maintenance of the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Includes ingestion, digestion, absorption and metabolism </li></ul>
  8. 8. Nutrition and Diet <ul><li>The study of nutrition is performed by nutritionist and dietitians </li></ul><ul><li>Typical American diet contains too much fat, too many calories, too much cholesterol, too much salt,not enough fiber and insufficient complex carbohydrates </li></ul>
  9. 9. Digestion <ul><li>Conversion of food into chemical substances that can be absorbed into the blood </li></ul><ul><li>Physically breakdown, diluting and dissolving food. </li></ul><ul><li>Proteins are broken into ammoniacids,carbohydrates into monosaccharides and fats are absorbed as fatty acids and glycerol </li></ul>
  10. 10. Classification of Nutrients <ul><li>Nutrients are the organic and inorganic chemical substances found in food that supply the body with necessary elements for metabolism. </li></ul><ul><li>Certain nutrients (carbohydrates,fats and proteins) provide energy </li></ul><ul><li>Other nutrients like water. Electrolytes minerals and vitamins are essential to metabolic process </li></ul>
  11. 11. Carbohydrates <ul><li>Main source of energy from food </li></ul><ul><li>Simple sugar(monosaccharide of glucose,galactose and fructose </li></ul><ul><li>starches (complex sugars) and fiber (cellulose) found in plants </li></ul><ul><li>Carbohydrates provide 4 calories of energy for every gram of carbohydrate </li></ul>
  12. 12. Proteins <ul><li>Also called the “building blocks of the body since they for the base for every living cell. </li></ul><ul><li>A protein is linked together like a chain with 20 amino acids,11 can be produced by the body and 9 must be obtained from the diet </li></ul><ul><li>Proteins are necessary for growth and repair of tissues,provide the framework for bones,muscles and blood and energy production </li></ul>
  13. 13. Fats <ul><li>Also called lipids, can be classified in saturated and unsaturated. Fat do not dissolve in water </li></ul><ul><li>Fat is necessary to carry Vitamins A, D,E, K </li></ul><ul><li>Saturated fat is produced by animal sources, meat,eggs, lard and dairy products </li></ul><ul><li>Unsaturated fat are found in vegetable oils and fish oils </li></ul>
  14. 14. Water <ul><li>Considered a vital nutrient necessary for survival </li></ul><ul><li>Water compose 50-60% of the human body </li></ul><ul><li>Recommended daily amount to be ingested 6-8 glasses </li></ul><ul><li>Water sources are most fruits and vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Main functions are: Carry oxygen and nutrients to cells, regulate body temperature,prevent dehydration,remove waste products from cells </li></ul>
  15. 15. Types of diets <ul><li>Clear liquid diet (clear soup, plain gelatin, black coffee) </li></ul><ul><li>Full liquid diet (all liquids are allowed,soup,milk, strained fruit) </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical soft diet (recommended for patients who have dental problems) </li></ul><ul><li>Bland diet (no seasonings or fibers that irritates) </li></ul><ul><li>BRAT diet (children) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Types of diets <ul><li>High protein diet (recommended for patients recovering from bone injuries) </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetic diet (must consider type of insulin,severity of diabetes, level of exercise, calories necessary to maintains patient’s weight </li></ul><ul><li>High residue/fiber diet (heart problems, prevent colon CA ) </li></ul><ul><li>Lower residue diet (Low fiber diet)colitis,diarrhea, indigestion, colostomy </li></ul><ul><li>Low-Fat/Low Cholesterol Diet </li></ul>
  17. 18. Emergencies and First Aid <ul><li>Medical Assistant plays a very important part in a team composed by a MD,RN,PA,NP,etc </li></ul><ul><li>The primary assessment (pt’s name, age,sex, chief complaint,medical history,meds, allergies, brief medical examination,vital signs </li></ul>
  18. 19. First Aid kit and Crash cart <ul><li>First aid kit contains assortments of airways,bite block, manual resuscitator,splinting materials,bandages and dressings, tape. </li></ul><ul><li>Must be simple and compact </li></ul><ul><li>Both, first aid and crash cart contents should be determined by the physician and office staff </li></ul>
  19. 20. Emergencies <ul><li>Airway obstruction </li></ul><ul><li>Abdominal pain </li></ul><ul><li>Allergic reactions </li></ul><ul><li>Amputation </li></ul><ul><li>Asphyxia </li></ul><ul><li>Childbirth </li></ul><ul><li>Bites and stings </li></ul><ul><li>Severe bleeding </li></ul><ul><li>Burns </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical shock </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiac arrest </li></ul>
  20. 21. Emergencies and First Aid <ul><li>Cerebrovascular Accident (stroke) </li></ul><ul><li>Chest pain </li></ul><ul><li>Convulsions </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetic crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Epistaxis </li></ul><ul><li>Fractures </li></ul><ul><li>Heat and cold exposure </li></ul><ul><li>Fainting (syncope) </li></ul><ul><li>check table 4-6 </li></ul>
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