Blogs and Web 2.0 - Cuba Health Informatics 2007
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Blogs and Web 2.0 - Cuba Health Informatics 2007

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Talk given by Peter Murray at Informatica en salud (Havana, Cuba, February 2007) based in CHIRAD and hi-blogs.info members; work

Talk given by Peter Murray at Informatica en salud (Havana, Cuba, February 2007) based in CHIRAD and hi-blogs.info members; work

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  • 1. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools for developing social networks and collaborative professional knowledge development in health and nursing informatics conferences Peter J. Murray, Scott Erdley, Margaret Hansen, Karl Øyri, Rod Ward
  • 2. Peter J. Murray Founding Fellow, CHIRAD, UK W. Scott Erdley Clinical Associate Professor, University at Buffalo, NY, USA Margaret Hansen Assistant Professor, The University of San Francisco, USA Karl Ø yri Nurse manager, Rikshospitalet University Hospital, Norway Rod Ward Senior Lecturer, University of the West of England, UK Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools
  • 3. ... and not forgetting our other co-conspirator ... Bill Perry – Kettering Medical Center, Ohio, USA Informaticopia - Eclectic news and views on health informatics and elearning, by Rod Ward & colleagues. http://www.rodspace.co.uk/blog/blogger.html Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools
  • 4. Toronto, Canada – May 2006
  • 5. Exploring blogs as a collaborative tool Seoul, Korea – June 2006
  • 6. Collaborating on various blogs, podcasts, vodcasts and other projects www.hi-blogs.info www.differance-engine.net/rutgers2007 www.differance-engine.net/SINI2007blog
  • 7. Also blogging on Informaticopia: www.rodspace.co.uk/blog/blogger.html
  • 8. Content 1. What is Web 2.0? 2. Blogs – some basics 3. Use of blogs for virtual conference participation - theory and practice 4. Wikis for collaborative documents and podcasts for education 5. Some lessons learned 6. Podcasts, wikis – a short introduction Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools
  • 9. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools
    • Web 2.0
    • Term originated in 2004 with O’Reilly
    • Second generation of the Web
    • Collaboration, interaction, customization
    • Wikipedia takes on the challenge of trying to define and explain Web 2.0
    • “ Web 2.0 doesn't have a hard boundary, but rather, a gravitational core”
  • 10. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools Web 2.0 websites are different from those of early web development, retroactively labeled Web 1.0. They are designed to deliver interactive, versus static, applications to end-users. Their content is characterised by open communication, decentralised authority, and freedom to share and re-use materials across a more dynamic, interlinked and interactive World Wide Web. They are often referred to as 'read/write web' applications.
  • 11. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools
    • Ajax
      • Ajax = Asynchronous JavaScript and XML
      • Not a single technology – rather a group of technologies working together
      • Truly interactive 2.0 applications
      • Uses
        • XHTML and CSS for markup applications
        • JavaScript or Jscript to interact with display
        • XHR (xmlhttprequest) as API
  • 12. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools Blogs (web logs), podcasts, and wikis constitute a sub-set of what are commonly described as Web 2.0 or social networking tools. They increasingly provide international online communication and collaboration among nurses and health informaticians. Many applications are available as libre/free and open source software and will run on all operating systems – eg GNU/Linux, Mac OS ... (and Windoze if you must).
  • 13. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools Blogs – some basics A blog (or weblog) is a website in which messages are posted and displayed with the newest at the top ... blogs often focus on a particular subject ... Some blogs function as online diaries. A typical blog combines text, images, and links to other blogs, web pages, and other media related to its topic. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blog
  • 14. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools Blogs – structure (1/4) A blog is usually edited, organised and published using a Content Management System (CMS) ... many of are built with Linux/Apache/MySQL/PHP (LAMP) architecture. Blogger (www.blogger.com) - owned by Google WordPress (www.wordpress.com) - FLOSS Serendipity (s9y.org ) - FLOSS
  • 15. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools
    • Blogs – structure (2/4)
    • A blog entry typically consists of:
    • Title - main title, or headline, of the post.
    • Body - main content of the post.
    • Comments - comments added by readers
    • Permalink - the URL of the full, individual article.
    • Post Date - date and time the post was published.
  • 16. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools
    • Blogs – structure (3/4)
    • A blog entry optionally includes the following:
    • Categories (or tags) - subjects that the entry discusses
    • Trackback - links to other sites that refer to the entry
    • A blog site typically contains a list of links, or blogroll, of other
    • blogs that the blog author reads or affiliates with.
  • 17. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools
  • 18. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools
    • Blogs – structure (4/4)
    • And then it starts to get interesting ;-))
    • Other embellishments we have used:
    • automatic podcasts with text-to-speech software
    • eg Talkr, feed2podcast
    • RSS feeds – Feedburner, etc.
    • tags –Technorati, etc
    • added swickis and other things
  • 19. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools
  • 20. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools
  • 21. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools
  • 22. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools Why do we want to provide blogs for virtual conference participation? - not everyone can get to conferences - what goes on at such events may not be shared with others - so much good learning may be 'lost' to most colleagues – or those most in need of it
  • 23. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools Conferences provide an opportunity for both formal and informal professional development, social networking, and collaborative knowledge development. Web 2.0 tools, many of which are also often described as social networking software, afford connection and collaboration among individuals who wish to affiliate with one another.
  • 24. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools Why do we want to provide blogs for virtual conference participation? - to provide virtual interaction for those unable to attend - to promote the event - to play with (explore) the technology - to explore/research a collaborative model of blogging
  • 25. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools
    • Blogs for virtual conference participation
    • Some examples (either dedicated blogs or via Informaticopia):
    • Medinfo2004 (San Francisco)
    • SINI2005, SINI2006 (Baltimore)
    • MIE2005 (Geneva); MIE2006 (Maastricht)
    • HC2005, HC2006 (Harrogate)
    • EFMI STC2006 (Timisoara)
    • NI2006 (Seoul)
    • Rutgers2006 (Toronto)
    • AMIA 2005, 2006 (Washington DC)
  • 26. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools
    • Blogs for virtual conference participation
    • What we hoped for:
    • lots of people wanting to post items
    • lots of comments
    • lots of readers
    • demonstration of the collaborative model working.
  • 27. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools
    • Blogs for virtual conference participation
    • What we found:
    • many promised but few delivered
    • the principal providers were the main bloggers
    • levels of use were lower than hoped
    • reminders to people help in readership levels
    • interaction is lower than hoped for
  • 28. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools
    • Blogs, interaction and participation
    • – some evaluation data
    • Generally felt to be a useful adjunct to events
    • Most felt was easy to use
    • Should be available post-event (archive)
    • '... personal ancedotes give a sense of voyeurism.
    • ..being there without actually being physically there.'
    • 'I like the first person 'conversation' style - as though
    • speaking directly to me. Informal, easy to follow and
    • relate to. If I disagreed or had comments, I knew I
    • could add the blog to benefit other readers.'
  • 29. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools Blogs, interaction and participation – some lessons learned Must be as easy as possible to access and participate - eg wireless – or people won't post during the event Reminders boost readership RSS feeds to email/browser
  • 30. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools Blogs, interaction and participation – is it worth the effort? - where next? We currently do new clean install for each blog - to try out new tools – but labour-intensive May look at one site for multiple events – but possible confusion here We believe it is worth it, and valuable to those who do use it - but need to boost both readership and interaction
  • 31. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools Wikis and related beasts
  • 32. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools
    • Wikis
    • - are dynamic, group-developed web pages that can be
    • easily created and accessed via a browser
    • - the content may be updated or changed by anyone visiting
    • the website.
    • - Wikis allow for asynchronous group socialisation,
    • communication and collaboration and a tool for archiving
    • documents, brainstorming, and collaborative writing.
    • Wikipedia (www.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page),
    • Wikinews (www.wikinews.org/wiki/Health).
  • 33. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools
    • Writely (now Google docs and spreadsheets)
    • - was 'one of the top 10 technology applications affecting
    • education in 2005
    • - allows anyone to compose online and collaborate
    • (write and edit) with others in real time
    • - some success in collaborative document development (eg
    • conference paper submissions)
  • 34. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools Podcasting Margaret Hansen (prev. Maag) Assistant Professor School of Nursing University of San Francisco
  • 35. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools
    • Podcasting
    • A portmanteau of “broadcasting” and “iPod”
    • Audio event, conversation, lecture, song, speech, group presentation
    • Delivered via RSS
    • Mobile device synchronized with a computer
    • “ Push” “Pull” technology
  • 36. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools
  • 37. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools
    • Strengths of podcasting
      • Instructor’s desire to assist students’ meta-cognitive skills
      • Keep up with the reality of the students’ lives and use of media
      • Academic podcasts easy to use: faculty and students
      • Easy to access via iTunes or desktop
      • Students report being more engaged in lecture
  • 38. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools
    • Concerns
      • Slackers will skip class!
      • Visual images not captured as in F2F
        • Remedy may be podcasts with video
    • Future?
      • Empirical research needed
      • N340 Principles and Methods Fall 06
      • An increase in number of faculty using MP3 technology in the classroom
      • Maagnursing: Podcasts. http://www.maagnursing.com/podcast/
  • 39. Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools Some future plans medinfo2007 – provide virtual interactions for those unable to attend EFMI Special Topic Conference on free/libre and open source software in health (London, September 2008) - building virtual interaction before, during and after with blogs, podcasts, wikis, etc. plus Moodle - deliberate attempts to share and generate knowledge Watch for news on: www.chirad.info www.hi-blogs.info
  • 40. Further information and contact www.hi-blogs.info [email_address] Blogs, podcasts and Web 2.0 tools