Role of ayurveda in pollution


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Role of Ayuru.veda & its remedies in air, water & noise pollution

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Role of ayurveda in pollution

  1. 1. With theBlessingsOf the The lord of Ayurveda….Almighty … Shri Dhanvantari
  2. 2. Scienviron – 2011 atIISWBM Campus, Kolkataon 25th November 2011
  3. 3. Presented byDr. Pawan Kumar Sharma M.D. (Ayu), MBA Associate Vice President (R&D) Dr. B. N. Bhatt, B.A.M.S., M.B.A., Manager ( InstL. sales & research) Mr. Samadur Rahman, B. Com., M.B.A., Project Officer Ms. Sibani Mukherjee M.A., Executive
  4. 4. Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into a natural environmentthat causes instability, disorder, harm or discomfort to the ecosystem
  5. 5. Combination of abiotic factors & communities in an environment is called an ecosystem
  6. 6. Life Levels and Organization
  7. 7. Air PollutionI Breathe What?
  8. 8. Chemicals
  9. 9. Exhaust
  10. 10. Pollen
  11. 11. Dirt
  12. 12. Dust Storms
  13. 13. Facts About Breathing• You breath about 26,000 times a day (16-18 breaths per minute)• That is about 150 full bathtubs of air• We breath in over a billion small particles a day (1,000,000,000)• The average house collects about 2 pounds of dust a week
  14. 14. How does your body filter out the particles? MucusDried Mucus forms when mucus traps dirt in the nose
  15. 15. Nasal HairNose hairs filter most of the dirt in the air.
  16. 16. Sneezing
  17. 17. Coughing
  18. 18. Air Pollution Control• Gaseous• Absorption• Adsorption• Combustion• Particulates• Cyclone• Filter• Liquid scrubbing• Electrostatic precipitation (ESP)
  19. 19. Vertical Venturi Scrubber
  20. 20. Packed Bed Scrubber
  21. 21. Dry Scrubber System
  22. 22. Control Technologies for Nitrogen Oxides• Preventive • Post combustion – minimizing operating – selective catalytic reduction temperature – selective non-catalytic – fuel switching reduction – low excess air – non-selective catalytic – flue gas recirculation reduction – lean combustion – staged combustion – low Nox burners – secondary combustion – water/steam injection
  23. 23. Cyclone Installation at Wood Working Plant
  24. 24. Air Filtration
  25. 25. Air Filter• High removal efficiency for < 5 m particles
  26. 26. Scrubber• Venturi
  27. 27. Abundance Peace Bliss Unity Wisdom Success Purity Charity HarmonyHealth
  28. 28. Yagya?Process of refinement of subtle energy existing in the matter with thehelp of thermal energy and the Cosmic energy of Sound of theMantras. Meaning Types 400 Yagnas defined in Shastras Seva Yagya, Prana Yagya, Gnana Yagya
  29. 29. Historical Significance of Gayatri and Yagya INDIAN CULTURE Symbol of positive thoughts Symbol of noble deeds Righteous thoughts combined with righteous deeds leads to growth of human soul and world peace.
  30. 30. Vedic Evolution• Atharveda: Sound therapy aspects of mantra for treatment of physical, psychological & emotional disorders. – “one who discards Yagya, loses all eminence and grace. Those who perform havan (Yagya) are blessed by the inculcation of divine glow in their hearts” (Atharv.6/15)• Samaveda: Process of offering through cosmic radiation of sound energy• Yajurveda: Scientific aspects of Yagna – Divinity leaves the person who discards Yagya,which is a manifestation of thee” (Yajur. 2/22) – The yagyagni enshowers good rains, prosperity and strength” (Yajur. 3/40).• Geeta: Reveals that all the karmas except the Yagya-karma are the causes of the thralldoms that bind the individual self in the endless cycle of life and death, attachments and sufferings. The karmas of Yagya, charity and tapa purify and illuminate the human life.• Mahabharta: Affirms that The essence of all religions is incorporated in Yagya There is no regulatory system like Yagya. All saintly men and women should adopt Yagya as a duty of human life
  31. 31. Why Yagya?• Yagya is more than a mere ritual based on scientific laws of nature, it is a cyclic process which occurs in mother nature.• Yagya teaches us a way of life to promote wellbeing and happiness for everyone, combination of heat and sound energies sends positive vibrations into mother nature creating an aura of peace and wellbeing for all.• Teaches us Art of purification, Art of communication, Art of Surrender, Art of connecting to Divine power within, Art of Sacrifice, Art of breathing, Art of tapping into Pranic energy from universe, Art of divine guidance
  32. 32. Three Aspects of Yagya
  33. 33. Subtle aspects•Importance of Yagya lies in the subtle power of offerings given in thesacrificial fire•Effect of energy of Mantras to activate the subtle energy of Shabda(cosmic sound). •All activities are performed with mantras even purification of substances.•Dr Hiroshi Motoyama has studied effects of Agnihotra (Yagya) onCardiac Plexus (Anahat Chakra). The condition after yagya is foundsame as it would be after psychic or spiritual healing
  34. 34. Social Aspect• Symbol of Unity & togetherness –for a common purpose which is welfare of whole universe• Promotes Social Networking irrespective of caste, creed, gender, nationality
  35. 35. Scientific Aspect• Two basic energy – Heat (Fire) and Sound (Mantra) – The positive vibrations of Shabd are taken up in atmosphere spiral form by up bound heat radiations• Fumigating Substances Used in Yagya
  36. 36. Fumigating Substances Healthy Sweet MedicinalWood Odoriferous Constituents Substances HerbsSandal Camphor Ghee Sugar BrahmiMango Saffron Milk Honey JatamansiPipal Cardamom Fruits Jaggery ClovesBargad Musk Cereals Dried Guggul Grapes
  37. 37. Scientific Aspect…cont’d• Chemical & Physical Processes – Combustion & Vaporization of wood • Cellulose of wood – Steam Volatilization of odorous substances • 400 – 600 degrees Celsius – Combustion of fatty substances • Ghee helps in rapid combustion of cellulose – Photo-chemical Process • CO2 + H2O + 112,000 cal. = HCHO + O2 Formaldehyde
  38. 38. Scientific Aspect…cont’d• Shape of Altar (Agnikund) – ‘Inverted Pyramid’• Pyramid – Fire in the middle – Receive, Generate & Controlled Dissipation of Cosmic EnergyPower of Mantras Gaayatri Mantra produces 1,08,000 vibrations/sec
  39. 39. Benefits of YagyaEnvironmental• Removal of foul odors: Diffusion of substances like thymol, eugenol, pine, terpinol and oils of sandal-wood, camphor and clove.• Removal of bacteria: – Formaldehyde is antiseptic and has disinfectant property – Formic acid & Acetic acid are produced which are good disinfectants and used as preservatives.• Removal of insects: Volatile oils drives non bacterial insects like flies, ringworm, dice etc away or kills them.• Effects on Vegetation: – Agnihotra Farming methods – Ash as fertilizer• Role of CO2 produced – CO2 produced as slow combustion process helps vegetation – Stimulant for patients suffering from ventilation problems – Helps treating some of the Mental disorders
  40. 40. Benefits of YagyaHealthcare - Yagnopathy• Pulmonary drug-administration by inhalation and infusion through skin pores through the process of yagya (agnihotra, homam). • Inhalation from nose (deep breathing), mouth (chanting vedic hymns) • Medicine in its gaseous form is easily dispersed and gains higher potency. – Drugs in the form of medicinal plans offered in fire along with specific vedic hymns (mantras)• Yagya therapy is a Preventive mechanism – No side effects – Encouraging results in the treatment of TB, Diabetes, Weak Eye Sight Neurological disorders, Drug addiction• Effective results in treatment of Respiratory, Mental & Psychosomatic disorders
  41. 41. Case Studies Illness: Hodgkin Illness: HIV Positive Lymphom A 20 year old HIV positive The patient was given two patient after 60 days ofmonths to live. He improved HOMA THERAPY within 45 days and didnt Treatment present any tumor after 2 plus medicinal plants months. became HIV negative.
  42. 42. Case Studies Air Samples (mg/avg sample)• Dr Manoj Garg, Director, Environmental & Technical Consultants and UP Pollution Control Board during Ashwamedha Yagya in Gorakhpur (UP) • 20 mts from place of Yagya Bacteria Count in Water Samples•The increase in the level of Prana (vital energy) in the atmosphere when a Yagnais performed --- was also recorded with the help of Kirlian photographs of humanhands before and after Yagna in the experiments conducted by Dr. MatthiasFerbinger of Germany.
  43. 43. Case Studies Drugs & Alcohol DeaddictionLt. Col. G.R. Golecha, a senior advisor in the psychiatrydivision of the Indian army initiated a poly drug abuser(25 yrs of age) into Agnihora and monitored thereadings. There was improvement recorded inpsychology in abstaining from the drugs.• Diabetes Cure Name of patient: Pandurang M. Patil Age: 72 yrs. Address: Sai Prabha, Mangvir Pakhadi Case: One year old diabetic.
  44. 44. Case StudiesBhopal Gas TragedyThere were, however, two families ---Shri. SohanLal S Khushwaha and Shri. M.L. Rathore, which lived inthe worst affected area, one mile away from the plantcame out unscathed as they were regularly performingAgnihotra (Havan). In these families, none died. Nobodywas even hospitalized despite of being present in thearea worst hit by the toxic gas.This observation proves that Agnihotra is a powerfulantidote to pollution.
  45. 45. AIDS Healed!! Scientist Warns of Bananas Demise bywith HOMA Therapy 2013These are copies of the documents provided by Dr M. Emile Frison, head of the InternationalJaime Montufar, MD who is the Director of the "HOMA Network for the Improvement of BananaMEDICAL CENTER - THE GOOD SHEPHERD" in and Plantain (INIBAP) based in Montpellier,Guayaquil, Ecuador. France, told New Scientist magazine thatA 20 year old HIV positive patient became HIV Cavendish, the worlds main export varietynegative after 60 days treatment with HOMA THERAPY of banana, could face extinction by 2013.and medicinal plants. read more The banana, in various forms, is the staple diet for some half billion people in Asia andEnglish translation of Dr Montufars report Africa and Latin America.Satsang Magazine: The Amazon banana crop has beenThe magazine is an important vehicle for spreading the devastated by Black Sigatoka fungus, andmessage of Love Thy Neighbor through Agnihotra and the banana is already extinct inFivefold Path. It contains many stories from all over the Cuba. Farmers in theworld of various peoples experiences with Agnihotra and banana belt in India are now battling YellowHoma Therapy. Sigatoka fungus.Videos: Some banana growers in the PeruvianVideos are available in Spanish and English translations. Amazon have turned to Homa OrganicMaterial includes: Medical professionals witness Farming in order to combat the fungusaccounts of healings from such diseases as AIDS, problem.diabetes, asthma, etc. Farming results from Agricultureprofessionals after using Homa Therapy methods in Read about their documented successorganic farming. stories
  46. 46. Water PollutionWater Do (ppm) at 20˚CQuality Good 8-9 Slightly polluted 6.7-8Moderately polluted 4.5-6.7 Heavily polluted Below 4.5 Gravely polluted Below 4 Pg. 535
  47. 47. Water pollution• Bacteria,Viruses,Protozoa, Parasitic worms• Oxygen demanding substances• Inorganic plant nutrients• Organic chemicals• Sediment or suspended matter• Thermal pollution• Genetic pollution
  48. 48. BiologicalMagnification Water 0.000002 ppm Herring gull 124 ppm Phytoplankton 0.0025 ppm Herring gull eggs 124 ppm Zooplankton Lake trout 0.123 ppm 4.83 ppm
  49. 49. Point and Nonpoint Sources NONPOINT SOURCES Rural homesUrban streets Cropland Animal feedlot Suburban POINT development SOURCES Factory Wastewater treatment plant
  50. 50. Pollution of Streams
  51. 51. Case Study: India’s Ganges River: Religion, Poverty, and Health • Daily, more than 1 million Hindus in India bathe, drink from, or carry out religious ceremonies in the highly polluted Ganges River.
  52. 52. Discharge of untreated Pollution of Lakes municipal sewage Nitrogen compounds(nitrates and phosphates) produced by cars and factories Natural runoff Discharge of (nitrates and detergents phosphates ( phosphates) Manure runoff From feedlots (nitrates and Phosphates, Discharge of treated ammonia) municipal sewage (primary and secondary treatment: nitrates and phosphates) Runoff from streets, lawns, and construction Lake ecosystem lots (nitrates and nutrient overload phosphates) and breakdown of chemical cycling Runoff and erosion Dissolving of (from from cultivation, nitrogen oxides mining, construction, Fig .22.7, p. 499 (from internal combustion and poor land use) engines and furnaces)
  53. 53. LeakingtankWatertable Groundwater flow Free gasolineGasoline dissolves inleakage plume groundwater(liquid phase) (dissolved Migrating phase) vapor phase Contaminant plume moves Water well with the groundwater Fig. 20-12
  54. 54. Groundwater Pollution: Causes Hazardous waste injection well PesticidesCoal strip De-icing Buried gasolinemine runoff road salt and solvent tank Pumping Cesspool well Gasoline septic tank station Waste lagoon Water pumping Sewer well Landfill Accidental Leakage from faulty spills casing Discharge Confined aquifer Groundwater flow
  55. 55. Groundwater Pollution Prevention Monitoring aquifers Strictly regulating hazardous waste disposal Storing hazardous materials above ground
  56. 56. Ancient Solutionsto better water quality
  57. 57. Industry Cities Urban sprawlNitrogen oxides Toxic metals Bacteria and viruses Construction sitesfrom autos and and oil from from Sediments are washed intosmokestacks, streets and sewers and septic tanks waterways, choking fish and plants,toxic chemicals, parking lots contaminate shellfish clouding waters, and blockingand heavy metals in pollute waters; beds sunlight.effluents flow intobays and estuaries. Farms Runoff of pesticides, manure, and fertilizers adds toxins and excess nitrogen and phosphorus. Red tides Closed Excess nitrogen causes shellfish beds explosive growth of toxicmicroscopic algae, Closed poisoning fish and beach marine mammals. Oxygen-depleted zone Toxic sediments Chemicals and toxic metals contaminate shellfish beds, kill spawning fish, and accumulate in the tissues of bottom feeders. Oxygen-depleted zone Healthy zone Sedimentation and algae Clear, oxygen-rich overgrowth reduce sunlight, waters promote growth Fig. 20-15 kill beneficial sea grasses, use of plankton and sea grasses, up oxygen, and degrade habitat. and support fish.Fig. 21-10, p. 505
  58. 58. Reducing Water Pollution through Sewage Treatment• Primary and Secondary sewage treatment. Figure 20-19
  59. 59. Technological Approach: Using Wetlands to Treat Sewage( Sewage Treated water Wetland type Wetland type plants plants 45 centimeter layer of limestone gravel coated with First concrete pool decomposing bacteria Second concrete pool (
  60. 60. Drinking Water Quality Is Bottled Water the Answer?• Some bottled water is not as pure as tap water and costs much more. – 1.4 million metric tons of plastic bottles are thrown away. – Fossil fuels are used to make plastic bottles. • The oil used to produce plastic bottles in the U.S. each year would fuel 100,000 cars.
  61. 61. What Can You Do? Water Pollution• Fertilize garden and yard plants with manure or compost instead of commercial inorganic fertilizer.• Minimize your use of pesticides.• Do not apply fertilizer or pesticides near a body of water.• Grow or buy organic foods.• Do not drink bottled water unless tests show that your tap water is contaminated. Merely refill and reuse plastic bottles with tap water.• Compost your food wastes.• Do not use water fresheners in toilets.• Do not flush unwanted medicines down the toilet.• Do not pour pesticides, paints, solvents, oil, antifreeze, or other products containing harmful chemicals down the drain or onto the ground.
  62. 62. Environmentally Sound Technologies in the Urban Water Cycle storage & augmentation reuse,recycle supply & & disposal distribution use & saving
  63. 63. Ponds and reservoirs Dams and reservoirs are a common approach to storage of river water. Big dams, however, do often cause big unsolved problems and therefore cannot be called environmentally sound. Small dams with careful consideration of ecological and social impacts can do better. In permanent rivers, under water beams are an option. In ‘wadis’ sand dams are a sound technology for the infiltration of river water to the groundwater.
  64. 64. Artificial recharge of ground waterArtificial recharge is appropriate for the augmentation of groundwaterin aquifers. It may supplement the natural percolation. In seasonalclimates Aquifer Storage and Recovery practices both the storage andthe quality control that is essential tomaintain the quality ofgroundwater resources. Rechargingcan take place from the surface or directly into sub surface layers.
  65. 65. Rainwater harvesting ESTsRainwater runoff fromroofs is stored in tanks tobe used inside buildings. Stormwater from streets and parks can be infiltrated or stored in ponds to provide water for trees, gardens and parks. Sand filters and constructed wetlands can be used for quality control.
  66. 66. Storage of treated sewageEffluent from sewage treatment plants can be reused in surfacewaters as a source for urban water supply. Quality control is crucial. The use of effluent for recharging groundwater is possible. Soil Aquifer Treatment technology prevents pollution by pathogens, nutrients and other contaminants.
  67. 67. [SourcebookChapter 4.3] Supply and distribution ESTs 1. Surface water abstraction 2. Groundwater abstraction 3. Water supply reservoirs (tanks) 4. Transfer of water 5. Single pipeline systems (one quality) 6. Dual pipeline systems (two qualities) 7. Water containers (bottles, tanks) 8. Centralised treatment systems 9. Point of use treatment systems
  68. 68. Water pipe systems Water supply networks are advanced systems that require advanced maintenance regimes. Leakage, due to poor maintenance is a major problem. Often more than 50% of the piped water is lost. Capacity building and fund availability for maintenance are the first priorities.Lowering night time pressure and a system ofmetering and billing water use above a basic levelmay be helpful but are not a final solution.
  69. 69. Dual ofqualitynetwork supply, is the use of drinking waterA problem central piped systemsquality for non drinking purposes. In dual networks service water qualityhas it’s own network. Wrong connections can be avoided by differentcolours for different pipes. Dual systems at the building level only, avoidcity networks. Buildings should have a reliable technical department for maintenance and quality control. Rainwater or treated greywater can be used as service water. Sizable tanks can cope with fluctuations in demand and supply.
  70. 70. Wells, tanks and bottles At the neighborhood level, improving the quality and increasing the number of traditional wells can be a good environmentally sound technology. In a situation of centrally collected drinking water from rivers or groundwater (boreholes), good quality water can be delivered by trucks to static tanks, from where people can take water home in bottles or small containers.
  71. 71. Drinking water qualityHealth requires good quality drinking water. Centralizedtreatment systems can be improved and extended. If drinking water of reliable quality is not available, proper treatment at the user level is an option.
  72. 72. Use and saving ESTs1. Waterless toilets (compost- and dry-)2. Water saving toilets3. Water saving urinals4. Waterless urinals5. Water saving taps6. Water saving showerheads7. Pressure reducers8. Water saving household appliances9. Economised water use: personal hygiene10. Economised water use: cleaning & watering
  73. 73. Waterless toiletsWaterless toilets need neither water nor sewers. They work on thebasis of dehydration and composting. The resulting compost can beapplied to the fields in urban agriculture. The right degree of humidityis crucial. They are often combined with urine separation. Vertical ventilation pipes guarantee odour freeoperation. Compost toilets require more space and need more maintenance. Simple dry toilets are easier to use and cheaper.They need to be emptied every week.
  74. 74. Water saving in householdsDrinking, cleaning, bathing, washing, toilet flushing. Combined watersaving appliances lead to 43% savings in liter per person per day.
  75. 75. Water saving in green spacesParks and gardens ask a lot of water, especially in dry climates. Savingsmay result from replacing piped water by rainwater or treatedwastewater. The local government and NGOs can also give a good example demonstrating how attractive green spaces can becreated with native species adapted todry conditions.
  76. 76. Rainwater quality and useRoof-top rainwater only needs minor treatment to make it safe forservice water. For use as drinking water, filtration and disinfection isrequired. There should be no debris in the tanks and no light.Quality control is a must.
  77. 77. Rainwater quality and useRun-off rainwater from streets and open spaces can be treated inwetland systems. Separating rainwater from the sewers greatlyimproves the city treatment plant’s performance.
  78. 78. Grey & black water treatmentHousehold based decentralised ESTs deserve more attention. Theycreate conditions for reuse at the domestic level and save costs forsewage systems.
  79. 79. Grey & black water treatment Example for on-site sewage treatmentSmall scale aerobic (>compost) or anaerobic technology (>methane +slurry) are feasible. These innovative ESTs require careful and skilfulguidance. For example joint projects of users with researchers andpractitioners in a learning by doing context.
  80. 80. Constructed wetlandsStabilisation ponds and constructed wetlands are a low-cost alternative for thetreatment of domestic wastewater. They provide water for irrigation in urbanagriculture and for watering green spaces.Detention and retention ponds, lined up with reeds and other wetland plants,perform well in purifying run-off rainwater from quite streets. More pollutedwater requires constructed wetlands designed for horizontal or vertical flow,filtering, adsorption and uptake ofnutrients. Good design andmaintenance are vital.
  81. 81. Advanced primary treatment Increasingly strict standards, derived from the situation in developed countries have made it almost impossible to reuse effluent and sewage sludge in peri-urban agriculture. In developing countries effluent (from domestic wastewater treatment) usually contains less heavy metals and other toxic substances and more pathogens.Advanced Primary Treatment (APT) is a new technology that combines primary (mechanical)treatment with filtration and disinfection. This opens healthy and water efficient perspectives.
  82. 82. Water Pollution Control in ancient era
  83. 83. Ancient civilizations went to great lengths to produce clear, purified water.• The practice of water purification has a long history involving many cultures and civilizations. The importance of purified water is noted in ancient scriptures and centuries-old paintings.• Although modern technology has advanced the processing of water thats fit to drink, many of the methods used by ancient civilizations, such as heating and filtration, are still used today.
  84. 84. Alum in WaterAncient Sanskrit writings, known as "Susruta Samhita,"which date back to approximately 2000 B.C., reveal atraditional recipe using alum that was used to purify water.In the recipe, a lump of earth (alum) was mixed with localIndian herbs, with names such as nirmali, phana, mustaka,ela, ushira and chandana, and baked well in a fire. Theresulting material was then dropped into water to purify it.
  85. 85. Copper Vessels and Charcoal In 1905, Francis Evelyn Place, who studied Sanskrit medical lore, noted a water purification method found in “Sushruta Samhita," -- a text dating to about 2000 B.C. According to the text, water was purified by putting it into copper vessels, exposing it to sunlight and then filtering it using charcoal.
  86. 86. Clarifying DevicesWater treatment devices, including one seen in a paintingdating back to the 15th century B.C., have been found inancient Egyptian artwork. This particular clarifying device wasdepicted as being in the tomb of Amenophis II at Thebes. Thedevice worked by allowing water impurities to settle at thebottom of the device, with clarified fluid at the top siphonedoff and stored for later use
  87. 87. Hippocrates SleeveHippocrates, well known as the Father of Medicine,conducted experiments on water purification in ancientGreece. A filter, later known as the "Hippocrates Sleeve,"was used to purify water after it was boiled. According toHippocrates, the cloth trapped any sediment in the waterthat caused a bad taste or smell.
  88. 88. Ayurveda - purification of drinking water1. Filtration through thick cloth.2. Boiling: This is described as there stages:a. If the water is hard for digestion it should be boiled and reduced to half oforiginal quantity.b. If moderately hard for digestion it should be boiled and reduced to two-thirds oforiginal quantity.c. If slightly hard for digestion it should be boiled and reduced to three-fourths oforiginal quantity.Water boiled in the above standards will become easy for digestion and good forhealth.3. Making it clear with the addition of some herbs: The addition of tubers of lotusplant, pearls, seeds of kataka (Strychnos potatorum), gomedhaka (Dolomite stone)4. Removing its unpleasant odour by adding into it some fragrant flowers likepatala (Steriospermum colais), karavira (Nerium indicum),etc.
  89. 89. AYURVEDIYA (herbal) WATERs:PANCHAKOLA JALADigestive, carminative, appetiser, anti-rheumatic, anti-pyretic.PANCHAKOLA KULATHA PANEEYARecommended in obesity and hypothyroidism. It also has theproperties of Panchakola Jala as mentioned above.JEERAKA JALADigestive, carminative, coolant, anti-spasmodic
  90. 90. AYURVEDIYA (herbal) WATERsDHANYAKA JALADigestive, carminative, coolant, anti-spasmodicSHUNTI JALADigestive, carminative, appetiser, anti-rheumatic, anti-pyretic,helps in.KHADHIRA JALABlood purifier, improves voice, good in throat ailments.YAVA JALADiuretic, recommended in urinary calculi, obesity.SHADANGAPANEEYACoolant, blood purifier, anti-pyretic.
  91. 91. Noise?• Noise is created when an object vibrates• Air is compressed and expanded forming waves• These varying pressure waves travel outward from source in all directions• Noise waves have frequency and amplitude• Frequency is measure of waves/sec• Amplitude is the height of wave from trough• Excessive noise can be damaging
  92. 92. Sources of Noise PollutionOutsideConstructionRoad trafficAirportsFactoriesInsidePhonesTVs / RadiosAppliancesPower tools / lawnmowerMain source is due to increasing populationand urbanization
  93. 93. Effects on Humans: HearingActually hear with our brains, notour earsHair cells send impulses to brainHair cells are extremely delicateDamage to hair cells can result in hearing lossThreshold shift-several hoursTrauma-permanentNoise induced-gradually become permanent
  94. 94. Damaging Levels of Sound
  95. 95. Effects on Humans: HealthDisturbanceSleep-effect performanceWorkplace-lack of productivityCause StressBlood pressure / heart rate riseMay cause cardiovascular diseasesDue to both high and low levels of noiselinked to excessive use of alcohol, drugs, food Have also been linked to immune depression and problems with fetus development
  96. 96. Effects on Humans: Psychological
  97. 97. Effects on WildlifeDamage to HearingCan reduce chances of survivalKangaroo ratPhysiological ResponseHormone imbalanceChronic stressResponses Result in:Decrease in food intakeLoss of energyAbandonment of offspringInjury
  98. 98. Effects on Marine LifeMarine Mammals useecholocationSonarExplosive testingWhales and dolphinsDeaths occurringBends?Beaching themselves
  99. 99. Ways to Reduce and Protect from Noise PollutionMask/mask the noiseVitaminsWear ear plugsUse one appliance at a timeTurn down TV?s and radiosNo loud toysKeep Car running properly
  100. 100. Care for Noise Pollution In Veda Shaashtra
  101. 101. Chanting of
  102. 102. Chanting of• OM or AUM is the most important and significant word of Mantra tradition. It is considered as the root mantra of all mantra. In a majority of Mantra, you will find OM.• OM is the most often chanted sound among all the sacred sounds on earth. This sound is considered as the sound of the existence.• it is believed that the whole universe, in its fundamental form, is made up of vibrating, pulsating energy. Om is considered as the humming sound of this cosmic energy.
  103. 103. Chanting of• OM is said to be the original primordial creative sound from which the entire universe have manifested. It is also known as the Anahat Nada, the "Unstruck Sound". This means the sound that is not made by two things striking together.• If you observe the nature of sound youll find that all ordinary audible sound are produced by the striking of two objects : bow and strings, drum and stick, two vocal cords, waves against the shore, winds against the leaves, bat against the ball, tyers against the road etc. In short all sounds within our range of listening are produces by things visible or invisible, striking each other or vibrating together, resulting in pulsating waves of air molecules which we interprets as sound.
  104. 104. Chantingof Aarati
  105. 105. Chanting of Aarati•Today in this scientific age one might ridicule lighting oflamps as one can have the wonderful benefits of electricity.We must remember that our ancestors have attributed greatimportance to this after in-depth study. They also did it withthe spiritual emotion of gratitude. Let us now compareelectrical and ghee lamps.•The ghee lamp symbolizes the spiritual emotion, ‘I will be(spiritually) enlightened and (spiritually) enlighten others aswell’. The ghee lamp burns to spread light. One can pray forkindling the light (spiritual yearning) within us and for theability to spread the light (Spirituality) to others.
  106. 106. Chanting of AaratiA small plate (Tabak):It represents the five-vital airs (panchpran) of our body. Oneshould have such spiritual emotion when performing aartithat ‘I am waving around aarti for God with my five vitalairs.’A metal lamp-dish (Niranjan):The flame of ghee’s niranjan represents our ‘Atmajyot’(internal light). The spiritual emotion one should have is‘with my five vital airs this atmajyot is alive, and with suchflame I am waving around God.’ The five niches (mouths) ina niranjan indicate the relationship between five vital airsand atmajyot. Panchaarti is the one done with five vital airs.Cotton wicks (Vaat/baati):Cotton represents detachment. Such a wick is to connect thefive vital airs (pranvayu) with the inner light (atmajyot).
  107. 107. Chanting of Aarati
  108. 108. Chanting of Aarati The image above is a depiction of the science behind this ritual performedwith five lamps (five wicks in niranjan). When the ‘tabak’ is waved around in acircular motion, the pure (sattvik) frequencies emitted from the flame ofniranjan spread out in a circular fashion. Hence, these sattvik frequenciesgradually convert to raja frequencies. These frequencies are like a rippleeffect in water. A subtle armor is created, which is known as ‘ripple armor’,around the one who sings the aarti. The duration of this ripple armor isproportionate to the spiritual emotion one has while singing the aarti (themore is one’s spiritual emotion, the longer it stays). Hence, due to increase ininner purity, one can absorb more divine frequencies in the Universe. As one’sspiritual emotion increases, one will begin to see the reflection of the centerpoint (atmabindu) and will feel that the raja frequencies actually originatefrom this center point.
  109. 109. Ayurvedic Care for General Pollutant EffectMental Function: Brahmi, Bacopa, Memoplus Syp., Brento SypHeart Function: Arjuna, Guggul, Bala,Respiratory: Ginger, Holy Basil, Sitopaladi, Trikatu, Sardija SypDigestive: Hingvastak, Trikatu, PancharishtaColon Health: Triphala,
  110. 110. Ayurvedic Care for General Pollutant EffectLiver Function: Amalaki, Bhringaraj, Kutki, LivotritKidney Function: Gokshura, Kidney Formula, K-4 SypMale Reproductive: Ashwagandha, Mens Support, Vigorex SFFemale Reproductive: Shatavari, Ashoka, Ovoutolin, MenosimHimani Femiplus Syp.Metabolic (weight): Zandu Draksharishta, Alpitone Syp.
  111. 111. Ayurvedic Care for General Pollutant EffectJoints and Muscles: Guggul, Boswellia, Rhumayoga Tab, Rhumasyl linimentNervous System (stress): Ashwagandha, Brahmi, Zandopa,Immune System: Guduchi, Septilin, keshari JivanBlood Sugar Management: Gymnema, Bitter Mellon, Tribangshila,Blood Purifiers: Amalaki, Guduchi, Neem, Manjistha, Lalima Syp.