Kennedy Web


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Kennedy Web

  1. 2. President John Fitzgerald Kennedy
  2. 3. Profile: John F. Kennedy, President 1961-63 <ul><ul><li>Born 1917 into wealthy Mass. Family of Irish decent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Catholic…”I do not speak to my church on public matters—and the church does not speak for me” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JFK’s father was advisor to FDR, ambassador to (E) and head of the SEC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>While @ Harvard, wrote best-seller analyzing how (E), in his view, allowed (G) to start WWII </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WWII: Commanded torpedo boat; shipwrecked, wounded, hero, decorated for bravery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1947: Democratic congressman; Senator in 1952 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brother Robert was assassinated in 1968 as he was running for the Presidency…other brother Ted is a senator who announced he has cancer </li></ul></ul>Bob Dylan’s Blowin’ in the Wind
  3. 4. Profile Continued…. <ul><ul><li>1953: wrote award-winning book, Profiles in Courage , about politicians who risked careers to stand for their beliefs….some question whether he wrote it… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1960: Narrowly defeated Richard Nixon for President, w/ LBJ as VP; sworn in January 1961 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kennedy had a few health issues including Addison’s disease and a bad back </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bay of Pigs, Berlin Crisis, Cuban Missile Crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>22 November 1963: Assassinated </li></ul></ul>Happy birthday--Marilyn
  4. 5. Military Background <ul><li>Rejected by the Army, but allowed in by the Navy </li></ul><ul><li>Received Purple Heart for towing a wounded man to safety after his boat was rammed by a Japanese destroyer </li></ul><ul><li>Purple Heart in WWII, Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal and WWII Victory Medal </li></ul><ul><li>Honorably Discharged in 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>His military record was popularized…. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ It was involuntary, they sank my boat” </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. The ‘Camelot’ Factor <ul><li>JFK’s style was a big change for USA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Young, good looking, charming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wife, Jackie, was glamorous celebrity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jackie filled White House w/ fine art & had parties & concerts w/ very best performers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spent a lot of time w/ celebrities like Frank Sinatra & Marilyn Monroe (ah-hmmm …) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Behind the scenes, not a happy family </li></ul><ul><ul><li>JFK regularly unfaithful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Had affairs w/ Monroe & mafia boss’s gal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Did mafia blackmail JFK into not pursuing investigations into organized crime? </li></ul></ul>Frank Sinatra, Old Devil Moon
  6. 7. <ul><li>1960s: Time of crisis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil Rights Movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Women’s Movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student Movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What were the presidents doing? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Protests only part of problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cold War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vietnam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>During his Presidency..(wow, what a list) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cuban Missile Crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bay of Pigs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Berlin Wall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Space Race </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil Rights (see above) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vietnam… </li></ul></ul>Barry McGuire’s Eve of Destruction
  7. 8. JFK & the New Frontier <ul><li>JFK one of the great ‘what ifs’ of history </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Narrowly defeated Nixon in 1960…100+ thousand popular votes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nixon got food poisoning during pre-election speeches and looked very meek…..maybe lost him the election </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Youngest president ever </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasized youth & idealism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talked of USA being on edge of ‘New Frontier’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted USA to be better, & carry ideals around world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inauguration speech, ‘… ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country.’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asked nations of the world to fight against ‘the common enemies of man: tyranny, poverty, disease, and war itself.’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Would he have achieved these aims? </li></ul></ul>1960’s #6 hit, Let’s Go, Let’s Go, Let’s Go
  8. 9. What was the ‘New Frontier’? <ul><li>More idea than program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Funding for education, housing, medical care for the elderly…. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JFK needed vision to unite Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to build belief that USA was on the verge of something new and exciting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Controversial idea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social reforms to help poor Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sought equal civil rights to black Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ New Frontier’ talk was designed to smooth over resistance to integration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Peace Corps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Part of ‘New Frontier’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sent young American volunteers to poor countries to work as doctors, teachers, technical experts, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greatly appealed to idealistic youth </li></ul></ul>Fifth Dimensions’ Age of Aquarius
  9. 10. The ‘Brains Trust’ <ul><li>JFK seemed a breath of fresh air </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gathered brightest young minds to himself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advisors became known as the ‘Brains Trust’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Best example was Robert McNamara </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most were new to gov’t, so JFK thought they could come up w/ new ideas for old problems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Politicians secretly worried about ‘Trust’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What did these whiz-kids know about politics? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LBJ, VP, one of the most concerned </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An LBJ advisor to LBJ: ‘They may be every bit as intelligent as you say but I’d feel a whole lot better about them if just one of them had run for sheriff once.’ </li></ul></ul>Robert McNamara McGeorge Bundy Dean Rusk Oingo Boingo’s Weird Science
  10. 11. Civil Rights <ul><li>Aim: Achieve equality for black Americans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sept 1962: Major speech on national TV committing himself to cause of civil rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Made high-level gov’t appointments of black Americans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stood up to southern governors to protect 'freedom riders’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oct 1962: Sent 23,000 federal troops to ensure one black student, James Meredith, could study @ U Mississippi </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frustrated civil rights campaigners who felt he was not doing enough nor moving quickly enough </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worried congressmen from southern states who said he was going too fast, and blocked much of his legislation </li></ul></ul>Kansas, Dust in the Wind
  11. 12. Economy <ul><li>Aim: Keep US economy strongest in the world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cut income taxes to give people more money to spend </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave grants to companies for technology & training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spent $900 million on job-creation programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased defense spending; 1 in 4 workers in Seattle & San Diego worked in defense industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Massively increased spending on space technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Challenged America to put man on the moon in 1960s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economy grew quickly; great if you already had a job! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tech didn’t help workers in traditional industries; in fact, increased technology meant fewer workers needed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Black unemployment 2x that of whites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corporations made big profits but $$$ reached few workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Critics said boom was caused by gov’t spending … what happens when gov’t has to cut back spending? </li></ul></ul>Pink Floyd, Money
  12. 13. Poverty <ul><li>Aim: Tackle deprivation & ensure poor Americans had opportunity to help themselves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased minimum wage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Area Redevelopment Act gave poor communities $$$ to start new businesses & build infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Housing Act gave money to fix homes & clear slums </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Security Act increased $$$ going to elderly, unemployed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manpower Training & Development Act retrained unemployed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum wage only helped people already employed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Housing loans didn’t help poorest, as they couldn’t qualify for a loan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slum clearance led to housing shortages in inner cities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many poor southern blacks moved to northern cities, finding only poverty and racial tension (Chicago, Detroit) </li></ul></ul>Mary Chapin Carpenter’s I Am a Town
  13. 14. The Nation Mourns <ul><li>22 November, 1963 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>JFK assassinated in Dallas, Texas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shocked America & the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He had accomplished only a small part of what he set out to do </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Would Lyndon Johnson pick up the torch? </li></ul></ul>US cartoon dated 23 November, 1963. The statue of the most celebrated US president, Abraham Lincoln, weeps for the death of John F. Kennedy
  14. 15. Focus Task: Filling in the blanks <ul><li>Working in pairs, read over your notes. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose five facts that you both agree are most deserving to be included in JFK’s profile. </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared to defend your choices by each of you writing at least twenty words explaining each of the choices (100 words total per student) </li></ul>