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US Political Parties

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Dr. Robbins' PowerPoint review of some early or third party political parties in US history

Dr. Robbins' PowerPoint review of some early or third party political parties in US history

Published in: Education, News & Politics

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  • 1. Political Parties in U.S. History A.P.U.S. History Ms. Robbins
  • 2. 1792 Federalists Democratic-Republicans1820 Republicans One-Party/Era of Good Feelings Natl Republicans Democratic-Repubs1825 (Jacksonian Democrats)1834 Whigs Democrats1854 Republicans Democrats
  • 3. Anti-Mason Party, 1826-1831 Began in 1826 as a movement against the secret Masonic Lodge society; mostly in NY, New England and mid-Atlantic Early anti-Jackson group (Jackson was a Mason) First third party in US politics Many ex-anti-Masons became Whigs and later Republicans; attracted evangelical groups Held first national nominating convention for US president in 1831
  • 4. Whig Party, 1834-1856 Began as an anti-Jackson coalition in 1834  Clay and Calhoun joined forces Very diverse group, had little in common besides hatred of Jackson  Northern industrialists and merchants (biggest group)  Southern states’ righters  Evangelical Protestants from Anti-Masons Won presidencies with Harrison & Taylor Whigs disappeared with rising sectionalism
  • 5. Free Soil Party, 1848-1852 Abolitionists seeking to keep free the “soil” of the new territories as they entered the Union Their platform was:  Against slavery in the territories & for Wilmot Proviso  For internal improvements & free homesteads Free-Soilers were a diverse group:  Abolitionists  Anti-Polk folk  Settlers who did not want to compete with (or be around) African-American slaves Replaced by new Republican party
  • 6. Know-Nothing Party, 1850’s Anti-immigrant (especially anti-Catholic), nationalist nativists Came out of secret societies organized to oppose  Immigrants (Irish & German)  Political machine that supported them for votes For rigid immigration & naturalization restrictions Named for how they were to answer if questioned Later organized as American Party Disappeared after 1856 election
  • 7. Greenback Party, 1875-1880 Began to represent debtors seeking an increased money supply Joined by labor groups in 1878 to form the Greenback-Labor Party The new party demanded  Increased use of greenbacks (paper currency)  Coining of silver in the same quantities as gold Supported by farmers and labor
  • 8. Populist Party, 1891-1896 Organized from Farmers’ groups such as The Alliance (which had replaced the Grange) Their platform tried to protect farmers through:  Currency inflation in the form of paper or silver  Government ownership of railroads, telegram, etc.  Graduated income tax  Secret ballot (like Australia) & direct election of senators  Initiative and referendum options for ballots  Shorter hours for labor (to get workers to join farmers) Merged with Democrats who took over silver issue