Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Pageant 13th ch19 lecture pp
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Pageant 13th ch19 lecture pp

681
views

Published on

Dr. Robbins' Lecture PowerPoint for Ch 19 (American Pageant, 13th ed)

Dr. Robbins' Lecture PowerPoint for Ch 19 (American Pageant, 13th ed)

Published in: Education

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
681
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
21
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Drifting Toward Disunion 1854-1861 Guiding Questions & Lecture Chapter 19 The American Pageant, 13 th edition
  • 2. Quickwrite
    • Doc. 102: How does the Chicago Tribune view the Supreme Court’s decision on Dred Scott v . Sanford , and what does it suggest that citizens do?
    • OR
    • Doc. 103: How does Stephen Douglas say that slavery will be enforced in a territory or state?
  • 3. Key Topics
    • Uncle Tom’s Cabin
    • “ Bleeding Kansas”
    • Dred Scott Case
    • Panic of 1857
    • John Brown’s Harpers Ferry Raid
    • Lincoln’s Election
    • Secession Begins
  • 4. Other Significant Topics
    • Pottawatomie Massacre
    • Lecompton Constitution of Kansas
    • Lincoln-Douglas Debates
      • Douglas’s Freeport Doctrine
    • Congressman Brooks attacks Senator Sumner
    • Crittenden Compromise
  • 5. Notable People
    • Harriet Beecher Stowe
    • John Brown
    • Stephen Douglas
    • James Buchanan
    • Dred Scott
    • Abraham Lincoln
    • James Henry Crittenden
    • Jefferson Davis
  • 6. Uncle Tom’s Cabin
    • Who was Harriet Beecher Stowe?
      • Author of Uncle Tom’s Cabin
      • Lincoln called her “the little woman who wrote the book that made this great war”
      • Inspired by her evangelical reform roots and her reaction to Fugitive Slave Law
      • Story of kindly older slave, Tom; angelic girl Eva; villainous Simon Legree
  • 7. US Reactions to Uncle Tom’s Cabin
    • What were the northern and southern reactions to Uncle Tom’s Cabin ?
      • Led many northerners to ignore Fugitive Slave law
      • Inspired many young men to fight for the Union
      • Southerners called it an “unfair indictment”; Stowe had seen little of slavery
      • Another wedge between North and South
  • 8. European reactions to Uncle Tom
    • What was the European reaction to Uncle Tom’s Cabin and how did this influence the outcome of the Civil War?
      • Very popular abroad, especially in France and Britain
      • Once the war started, British and French governments chose not to help the South as their own common people were strongly opposed to slavery (as inspired by Uncle Tom)
  • 9. “ Bleeding Kansas”
    • What was the original status of the Kansas Territory?
      • Following the Kansas-Nebraska Act, it became open to settlement with popular sovereignty re: slavery
      • (1820 Missouri Compromise had been repealed)
      • Expected that Kansas would become slave and Nebraska free
  • 10. “ Bleeding Kansas” continued
    • Who settled in the Kansas Territory?
      • Westward-moving farming settlers (generally anti-slavery)
      • Northern abolitionists with “Beecher’s Bibles”
      • Armed southern slave owners
  • 11. “ Bleeding Kansas” continued
    • What happened during the Kansas territorial legislature election of 1855?
      • “ border ruffians” from slave state Missouri came and voted in Kansas, electing a fraudulent legislation; set up in Shawnee Mission
      • Angry free-soilers set up their own illegal legislature in Topeka
  • 12.
    • What was the result of the first territorial legislature election in Kansas?
      • Free-soil town of Lawrence burned by proslavery raiders
      • Abolitionist John Brown and followers hacked up 5 men (presumed proslaveryites) at Pottawatamie Creek; led to reprisals
      • Fighting spreads, 200+ killed
  • 13. Lecompton Constitution
    • To apply for statehood, Kansans had to vote for Lecompton Constitution
      • Residents were to vote for one of two versions, one with and one without slavery
        • BUT if the no-slavery version won, existing slaves would be preserved & slave-owners protected
      • Free-soilers were furious, boycotted election & constitution was approved
    • Douglas pushes Congress to require entire Constitution to be voted on, for or against
      • It lost, & Kansas remained territory till 1861
  • 14. Brooks and Sumner
    • Why did Brooks attack Sumner?
      • Senator Sumner of Massachusetts was a prominent abolitionist, widely disliked for his cold arrogance. Gave virulent anti-slavery speech
      • SC Senator Brooks responded to the verbal attacks on his state and colleague by viciously beating Sumner; led to serious injuries
  • 15. Sumner and Brooks
    • How did the North and South respond, respectively?
      • In the North, Sumner’s speech became a bestseller and Brooks was called “uncouth” and “cowardly”
      • The South reelected Brooks after his forced resignation; sent 100s of canes to Brooks in support
      • The “first blows of the Civil War”; divide deepens
  • 16. The Dred Scott Case
    • What was the basis of Dred Scott’s Case before the Supreme Court?
      • Having lived with his master for 5 years in free territories , black slave Scott sued for his freedom
  • 17. Dred Scott loses
    • How did the Supreme Court rule on the Dred Scott Case? Why?
      • Ruled that Scott was a slave and not a citizen , therefore he could not sue
      • Since a slave was private property, he or she would remain a slave no matter where (5 th Amd.)
      • Denied constitutionality of Missouri Compromise, and Congress’s right to ban slavery anywhere; also a blow to popular sovereignty
  • 18. Reactions to Dred Scott
    • How did the North and South respond?
      • Northerners were furious; many suggested that the Supreme Court ruling was simply an “opinion”, called court a “southern debating society” (majority of justices were Southern)
      • Southerners were thrilled with ruling, and appalled at Northern disrespect for Supreme Court; questioned viability of the Union and constitution
  • 19. Panic of 1857
    • What caused the Panic (or Crash) of 1857?
      • Currency inflated by Calif gold
      • Surplus grain (Crimean War)
      • Speculation on land and railroads
    • Which sectors of the country were most affected?
      • North most affected (grain growers)
      • 5000 businesses failed
  • 20. Results of the Panic
    • What two proposals came out of the Panic of 1857? Was either successful?
      • Homestead Act—to make 160 acre farms available for 25 cents/acre; successfully vetoed by Southern leaning President Buchanan
      • Tariff of 1857—reduced duties to 20%; Northern industry blamed their woes on reduced protection and govt surplus disappeared
  • 21. The Panic in the Long Term
    • What was the long-term impact of the Panic of 1857?
      • Pro-homestead and pro-tariff Republicans pushed their agenda in 1860 election (Lincoln)
      • Southerners entered the Civil War with unrealistic confidence as they had fared well during panic; “cotton was king”
  • 22. Lincoln-Douglas Debates
    • Why was Lincoln called “Honest Abe”?
      • Refused cases he could not defend in good conscience
    • How did Lincoln put Douglas on the spot at the Freeport debate?
      • “ Suppose the people of a territory should vote slavery down?”
      • In light of Dred Scott judicial opposition was of real concern
  • 23. Douglas’s Freeport Doctrine
    • What was the essence of Douglas’s Freeport Doctrine?
      • Regardless of the Supreme Court, slavery would stay out if the people voted it out
      • Slavery-protecting laws would not be passed by territorial legislatures without popular support
      • Slavery would ultimately die out if the people did not support it
  • 24. Debate Helps Lincoln in the End
    • How did Douglas’s success in 1858 help Lincoln win the presidency in 1860?
      • Though in the context of a series of local debates the Lincoln-Douglas debate brought Lincoln into the national limelight thru newspaper coverage
      • Douglas’s positions led to a split between northern and southern Democrats, and two Democratic opponents for Republican Lincoln
  • 25. Harpers Ferry
    • What was John Brown’s intention at the raid on Harpers Ferry?
      • To lead a slave uprising against the South and establish a free state for blacks
      • Seized the federal arsenal there, killing 7 innocents and injuring at least ten more; quickly captured by the Marines
    • Why did he fail?
      • Black slaves did not rise up with him; very few even knew about his plan
  • 26. The Impact of Harpers Ferry
    • How did the Harpers Ferry Raid further antagonize North/South relations?
      • For many northerners—often ignorant of his previous violence—Brown became a hero of the Abolition Movt. Brown’s calm at his execution enhanced this image
      • To the South the glorification of Brown was incomprehensible; many believed that most northerners shared Brown’s extreme views
      • Sectional wedge driven deeper
  • 27. Lincoln’s Election
    • Why did the Democrats fail to win the 1860 election?
      • The Democratic party was split into two sectional factions after the southern wing of Democrats “seceded” from the party convention at Charleston
      • Douglas elected at 2 nd convention at Baltimore
      • Southern Democrats set up a rival convention and elected Breckinridge
      • Constitutional Union party further splits the vote
  • 28. Lincoln’s Election continued
    • What was the Republican platform in 1860?
      • Nonextension of slavery
      • Protective tariff
      • Immigrant rights
      • Pacific railroad
      • Federally-supported internal improvements
      • Free homesteads
  • 29. Secession Begins
    • Why did South Carolina secede from the Union after Lincoln’s election, and what was Buchanan’s reaction?
      • SC had vowed that if “sectional” Lincoln won that they would secede; SC saw Lincoln’s victory as a signal that the southern cause was at risk
      • Ever since Calhoun, SC had used secession as a threat; finally fulfilling its “destiny”
      • Buchanan did little to stop secession; in fact there was little he could do
  • 30. The Crittendon Compromise
    • What was the Crittenden Compromise?
      • Slavery to be prohibited in territories north of 36 30’, but protected in territories south of it
      • Future states could come in free or slave, as they chose
    • Why did Lincoln reject Crittenden Compromise?
      • Lincoln committed to his opposition to extension of slavery
      • Could lead to larger problems with new territories (Cuba…)
  • 31. Secession Proceeds
    • Which six southern states first followed South Carolina’s example?
      • Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas (most southern)
      • In February 1861 the Confederate States of America were formed, selected ex-Senator Jefferson Davis as their president
      • Soon four more would join secession (Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee)
  • 32. Inspiration for Rebellion
    • How did events in Europe influence the South’s decision on secession?
      • The successful nationalist movements in Europe inspired the South to establish its own nation
    • US history also set an example: as the 13 colonies left England, so the southern states would leave the Union

×