Questions on the lecture 2 thorax

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By Dr. Noura El Tahawy; Faculty of Medicine; El Minia University

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Questions on the lecture 2 thorax

  1. 1. Questions on lecture 2 the Thoracic wall & diaphragm 2011 By Dr. Noura El Tahawy MD., Ph.D.,
  2. 2. Dr. Noura El Tahawy Questions1. Enumerate the important muscles of normal respiration. - Mention the action of each muscle & its role in changing the diameters of the chest during respiration2. Give short account on the anatomy of the internal thoracic artery (origin, course, branches & termination)3. Complete the following statements: A. ---- The Internal mammary artery arises from ………………………………..……. … Its branches include: 1. ……. 2………… 3……….. 4…… 5…… B ---- The anterior intercostal arteries arise from: 1…………….. 2…………….. C -- The posterior intercostal arteries arise from: 1. ………………… 2…………………. D--- The posterior intercostal veins drain into ………….…& …… veins. While the anterior intercostal veins drain into ……………. & ……………. veins E -- A needle inserted into the pleural cavity at the anterior axillary line will pass through the following structures: 1. ……….. 2……… 3………. 4………… 5. ……. 6…… 7…….. 8 ……..
  3. 3. Dr. Noura El Tahawy Questions3. Complete the following statements: (cont.) F. Branches of the typical Intercostal nerve include: 1…….. 2……3……4….………5 …… G----- Intercostal nerve block at the level of the second intercostal space will result in: 1. ……………. & 2 …………….. H…. The nerve supply of the diaphragm include: 1. ………………….. 2……………….. I. The vena caval opening of the diaphragm is locate at the level of vertebra. The opening transmits the following structures 1….. ……… 2 …… J.. The aortic opening of the diaphragm is located at the level of …. Vertebra. The opening transmits the following structures: 1………… 2……….. 3……. K. The esophageal opening of the diaphragm lies opposite …. vertebra. It transmits 1…….. 2……….3……………. L.. The diaphragm originated from …….., ……………, ………… & inserted into …… M. The contraction of the diaphragm leads to …..………….. diameter of chest during……… while its relaxation leads to … …….diameter of the chest during ………..

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