Medical e-ducation in India


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Look at recent changes, elearning, Open source software and Web2.0 in Medical education in India

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Medical e-ducation in India

  1. 1. Medical e-ducation in India
  2. 2. Where do we stand? <ul><li>The state of medical education in India presents a scenario marked by rhetoric and wishful thinking rather than concrete steps in right direction </li></ul>Rita Sood*, BV Adkoli * continued
  3. 3. Traditional lecture based approach is often teacher oriented. Deprives the students of active learning with less clinical content. Poor development of student skills . continued
  4. 4. <ul><li>Ensuring quality medical education in all the medical colleges across India based on uniform curriculum prescribed by a regulatory body and maintaining a uniform standard are dependent on availability of an excellent infrastructure . Such infrastructure includes qualified teachers, knowledge resources, learning materials, and advanced education technology </li></ul><ul><li>Ashok Kumar Mahapatra, et al. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Recent steps for improvement <ul><li>A task force of the Union health ministry has decided to scrap all regulatory bodies, including the Medical Council of India, Dental Council of India, Pharmacy Council and the Nursing Council. </li></ul><ul><li>There will instead be a single regulatory body National Council for Human Resources in health </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Goal of Medical Education <ul><li>The ultimate aim of the MBBS program is not only to enable medical graduates acquire competencies related to knowledge, skill and attitude required of a medical graduate on completion of undergraduate medical education but also to provide sufficient opportunity to them to become familiar with the know how of medical informatics that would ultimately help them work efficiently . </li></ul>
  7. 7. Physician of the 21 st century <ul><ul><li>E ffective Medical and Health Communication. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good clinical skills. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EBM based Diagnosis, Management, Therapeutics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lifelong Learning. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social & Community Contexts of Health Care. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to effectively use tools of medical informatics </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Mayo Clinic Research Review Shows Internet-based Instruction Effective for Teaching Health Care Professionals </li></ul>http:// Technology based education in Medicine
  9. 9. <ul><li>Medical sciences especially suitable for T.B.L. </li></ul><ul><li>(Technology Based learning) </li></ul><ul><li>Blended learning is learning that is facilitated by the effective combination of different modes of delivery, models of teaching and styles of learning , and is based on transparent communication amongst all parties involved with a course. </li></ul>
  10. 10. SPICES Model of Medical Education <ul><li>Student-centered ---x Teacher-centered </li></ul><ul><li>Problem-based ---- x Information-oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated -----x Discipline-based </li></ul><ul><li>Community-based ----x Hospital-based </li></ul><ul><li>Elective ----x Uniform </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic ---x Apprenticeship </li></ul>
  11. 11. Good teaching is by design and not by chance
  12. 12. <ul><li>Delivery of student assessments and course critiques and the collection of responses </li></ul><ul><li>Tracking of learner progress </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual classrooms </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration between learners </li></ul><ul><li>Record of learners’ acquisition of knowledge, skills, and competencies . </li></ul>Importance of LMS
  13. 13. <ul><li>Moodle is a course management system (CMS) -a free, Open Source software package (FOSS) designed using sound pedagogical principles, to help educators create effective online learning communities'.  It is distributed under the GNU General Public License and is an active and evolving work in progress, subject to a roadmap. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Higher-ed LMS market penetration: </li></ul><ul><li>Moodle vs. Blackboard+WebCT vs. Sakai </li></ul>54% market share
  15. 15. Moodle versus BlackBoard Other LMS in the market Easier to use. Needs slightly higher skill sets Requires after sales services Easy to customize Commercial software Free and open source
  16. 16. <ul><li>Use of Moodle in Healthcare </li></ul>http:// =yTKQ7XyD4Zg EthosCE is a full-featured, open source Web platform designed for continuing medical education (CME). It integrates Drupal™ Content Management System (CMS) and Moodle™ Learning Management System (LMS) http:// =93663
  17. 17. E-Learning2.0 - emphasis on social learning and use of social software such as blogs, wikis, pod casts and virtual worlds like Second Life. This is also referred to as Long Tail Learning Web 2.0 tools in Medical Education
  18. 18. Virtual worlds in Medical education
  19. 19. SLENZ Second Life Education in New Zealand
  20. 20. <ul><li>Anytime </li></ul><ul><li>Anywhere </li></ul><ul><li>As often as needed </li></ul>Advantages
  21. 21. <ul><li>Face to face- Patient encounters and clinical knowledge by continuous training </li></ul><ul><li>Fact based theory can be shifted to online environment </li></ul><ul><li>Use of wikis and blogs for collaborative learning </li></ul><ul><li>Use of synchronous and asynchronous communication </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Podcasts, videos and animation , live lectures, textbooks, etc to accommodate all types of learning styles. </li></ul>Advantages
  22. 22. Advantages to Students <ul><li>Anytime Anywhere Self paced learning </li></ul><ul><li>Create your own Personal learning environment </li></ul><ul><li>Add your own notes, Share notes, ask questions, e-Mail , timetable, check personal attendance, Chat, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Take simulated tests for exam preparation - Know your own strengths and weaknesses - Know where to devote more attention </li></ul>
  23. 23. Advantages to Medical Colleges <ul><ul><li>- Simplify administration and examinations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce paper records and errors. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offer a bundle of new services for students. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve communication between faculty and students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New source of Revenue. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digitize lectures of senior staff for long term use. </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Advantages to College Management <ul><li>Technologically on par with campuses around the world  </li></ul><ul><li>Counter shortage of teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Improve efficacy of Education  </li></ul><ul><li>Track student progress at click of a button from 1st year to final year across all subjects </li></ul>
  25. 25. Advantages to Faculty <ul><li>Empowered to teach using modern audiovisual aids. </li></ul><ul><li>Easily Create question papers and MCQ’s for Easy real time assessment . </li></ul><ul><li>Convert to digital publications of books and journals . </li></ul>
  26. 26. [email_address]