Autoclaving, Microwaving, Incinerator & Hydroclaving
These processes are used to change the physical form or characteristics of the waste either to facilitate waste handling or to process the waste in conjunction with other treatment steps. The two primary mechanical processes areCompaction - used to reduce the volume of the wasteShredding - used to destroy plastic and paper waste to prevent their reuse. Only the disinfected waste can be used in a shredder.
With clinical waste, the colour of the container can help to identify the type of waste within. Here are some of the container types / colours that you will come across at the University. Black bags should only ever be used for uncontaminated or decontaminated, non-offensive waste. For example, in some areas they are used for autoclaved laboratory plastics. Otherwise, lab plastics will go in orange bags.Carcass / anatomical material will only ever be placed in a yellow container, etc.Other coloured containers or lids may be in use in your laboratory or area. If they are, be certain that you know what they are for.
Hazards of biomedical waste & its management
HEALTH HAZARDS OF
BIOMEDICAL WASTE &
PRESENTED BY :- DR.NAVIN KUMAR
LET THE WASTE OF THE
“SICK” NOT CONTAMINATE
THE LIVES OF
CATEGORIES OF BIOMEDICAL WASTE
PROBLEM ASSOCIATED WITH BIOMEDICAL WASTE
NEED FOR BIOMEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT
STEP TO MANAGE HAZARDOUS WASTE
BIOMEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT IN INDIA
ANY WASTE WHICH IS
GENERATED DURING THE
DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT OR
IMMUNIZATION OF HUMAN
BEINGS OR ANIMALS OR IN
PERTAINING THERE TO OR IN THE
PRODUCTION OR TESTING OF BIO
HISTORY OF BIOMEDICAL WASTE
August 13, 1987, prompted expansive closures of
numerous New Jersey and New York beaches due to
a “30-mile garbage slick” composed primarily
of medical and household wastes because of illegal
disposal of the waste
private waste contractors to dump illegally to avoid
Medical Waste Tracking Act of 1988 (MWTA).
NEED FOR BMW MANAGMENT
Nosocomial infections in patients from poor
infection control practices and poor waste
Drugs which have been disposed of, being
repacked and sold off to unsuspecting buyers.
Risk of air, water and soil pollution directly due
to waste, or due to defective incineration
emissions and ash.
Risk of infection outside hospital for waste
handlers and scavengers, other peoples.
CATEGORIES OF PERSONS
EXPOSED TO RISK OF INFECTION
ROUTES OF TRANSMISSION
stuffs, water etc)
Intact or non
PROBLEM ASSOCIATED WITH BMW
ORGANISM DISEASES CAUSED RELATED WASTE ITEM
HIV, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis
AIDS, Infectious Hepatitis,
Infected needles, body
Fluids, Human excreta, soiled
linen, Blood, body fluids.
Typhoid, Cholera, Tetanus
fever, endocarditis, skin
and soft tissue infections
Human excreta and
body fluid in landfills and
hospital wards, Sharps such
as needles, surgical blades in
Kala Azar, Malaria
Human excreta, blood and
body fluids in poorly
managed sewage system of
WHOLESALE DEALER OR
LARGE SCRAP DEALER
RECYCLE FACTORY UNITS
Begin a system
Make it effective
Work for its success
OBJECTIVE OF BMW MANAGEMENT
• TO MINIMIZE THE PRODUCTION/GENERATION OF
• RECYCLE THE WASTE AFTER TREATING TO THE
• TREAT THE WASTE BY SAFE AND ENVIORNMENT
• ADEQUATE CARE IN HANDLING TO PREVENT
• SEFTY PRECAUTIONS DURING HANDLING THE
COLOUR CODING OF BAGS
AND 10 (SOLID)
1,2,3 AND 6
TYPE OF CONTAINER WASTE
Yellow Plastic bags 1, 2, 3 and 6 Incineration/deep burial
Red Disinfected container/plastic
3, 6 & 7 Autoclaving/Micro
Plastic bags/puncture proof
4 & 7 Autoclaving/Micro
treatment, Destruction &
Black Plastic bag 5, & 9, AND
Disposal in secured land
LAND DISPOSAL FACILITY FOR CITIES & TOWNS
WITH POPULATION LESS THAN 5 LACS
BIO MEDICAL WASTE
MANAGEMENT IN INDIA
THIS RULE APPLIES TO THOSE WHO
GENERATE, COLLECT, RECEIVE, STORE,
DISPOSE, TREAT OR HANDLE BIO
MEDICAL WASTE IN ANY MANNER.
BIOMEDICAL WASTE (MANAGEMENT AND
HANDLING) RULE 1998, PRESCRIBED BY
THE MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND
FORESTS, GOVT OF INDIA, CAME INTO
FORCE ON 20TH JULY 1998.
• THUS BIO MEDICAL WASTE
SHOULD BE SEGREGATED INTO
CONTAINERS/BAGS AT THE POINT
OF GENERATION OF WASTE.
UNDER ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION ACT,1998
BIO-MEDICAL WASTE (Management & handling) RULES 1998
1st Amendment Rules vide S.O.201(E) Dated 06/03/2000
2ndAmendment Rules vide S.O.1069(E) Dated 17/09/2003
• THE AUTHORIZATION IS REQUIRED FOR
or any other form of handling.8/23/2013 43
The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
The Biomedical Waste (Management & Handling)
The Municipal Solid Waste (Management &
Handling) Rules, 2000
The Hazardous Waste (Management & Handling)
The National Environmental Tribunal Act, 1995
The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act,
• Thus refuse disposal cannot be solved without
• Individual participation is required.
• Municipality and government should pay
importance to disposal of waste economically.
• Thus educating and motivating oneself first is
important and then preach others about it.
• Start disposing waste first from within your
home, then outside home, then neighborhood
,then your street, your area ,city and then the
nation and the world.
• Lets make this world a better place to live
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