Mineral calcium
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  • 1. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 1 Chapter 8 Minerals
  • 2. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 2 Chapter 8 Lesson 8.1
  • 3. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 3 Key Concept • The human body requires a variety of minerals in different amounts to perform numerous metabolic tasks.
  • 4. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 4 The Nature of Body Minerals • Classes of body minerals  Major minerals  Trace elements • Functions of minerals • Mineral metabolism  Digestion  Absorption  Transport
  • 5. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 5 Chapter 8 Lesson 8.2
  • 6. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 6 Key Concepts • A mixed diet of varied foods and adequate energy value is the best source of the minerals necessary for health. • Of the total amount of minerals a person consumes, only a relatively limited amount is available to the body.
  • 7. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 7 Major Minerals • Calcium  Functions • Bone and tooth formation • Blood clotting • Muscle and nerve action • Metabolic reactions  Requirements  Deficiency states  Toxicity symptoms  Food sources
  • 8. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 8 Phosphorus • Functions  Bone and tooth formation  Energy metabolism  Acid-base balance • Requirements • Deficiency states • Toxicity symptoms • Food sources
  • 9. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 9 Sodium • Functions  Water balance  Acid-base balance  Muscle action  Nutrient absorption • Requirements • Deficiency states • Toxicity symptoms • Food sources
  • 10. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 10 Potassium • Functions  Water balance  Metabolic reactions  Muscle action  Insulin release  Blood pressure • Requirements • Deficiency states • Toxicity symptoms • Food sources
  • 11. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 11 Chloride • Functions  Digestion  Respiration • Requirements • Deficiency states • Toxicity symptoms • Food sources
  • 12. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 12 Magnesium • Functions  General metabolism  Protein synthesis  Muscle action  Basal metabolic rate • Requirements • Deficiency states • Toxicity symptoms • Food sources
  • 13. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 13 Sulfur • Functions  Hair, skin, and nails  General metabolic functions  Vitamin structure  Collagen structure • Requirements • Deficiency states • Toxicity symptoms • Food sources
  • 14. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 14 Chapter 8 Lesson 8.3
  • 15. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 15 Key Concepts • A mixed diet of varied foods and adequate energy value is the best source of the minerals necessary for health. • Of the total amount of minerals a person consumes, only a relatively limited amount is available to the body.
  • 16. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 16 Trace Elements • Iron  Functions • Hemoglobin synthesis • General metabolism  Requirements  Deficiency states  Toxicity symptoms  Food sources
  • 17. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 17 Iodine • Functions • Requirements • Deficiency states  Goiter  Cretinism  Hypothyroidism  Hyperthyroidism • Toxicity symptoms • Food sources
  • 18. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 18 Zinc • Functions  Enzyme constituent  Immune system  Other functions • Requirements • Deficiency states • Toxicity symptoms • Food sources
  • 19. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 19 Selenium • Functions • Requirements • Deficiency states • Toxicity symptoms • Food sources
  • 20. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 20 Other Trace Elements • Fluoride • Copper • Manganese • Chromium • Molybdenum • Other essential trace elements
  • 21. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 21 Mineral Supplementation • Life cycle needs  Pregnancy and lactation  Adolescence  Adulthood • Clinical needs  Iron-deficiency anemia  Weight-loss programs  Zinc deficiency  Potassium-losing drugs