Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 1
Chapter 8
Minerals
Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 2
Chapter 8
Lesson 8.1
Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 3
Key Concept
• The human body requires a variety of
minerals in...
Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 4
The Nature of Body Minerals
• Classes of body minerals
 Major...
Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 5
Chapter 8
Lesson 8.2
Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 6
Key Concepts
• A mixed diet of varied foods and adequate
energ...
Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 7
Major Minerals
• Calcium
 Functions
• Bone and tooth formatio...
Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 8
Phosphorus
• Functions
 Bone and tooth formation
 Energy met...
Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 9
Sodium
• Functions
 Water balance
 Acid-base balance
 Muscl...
Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 10
Potassium
• Functions
 Water balance
 Metabolic reactions
...
Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 11
Chloride
• Functions
 Digestion
 Respiration
• Requirements...
Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 12
Magnesium
• Functions
 General metabolism
 Protein synthesi...
Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 13
Sulfur
• Functions
 Hair, skin, and nails
 General metaboli...
Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 14
Chapter 8
Lesson 8.3
Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 15
Key Concepts
• A mixed diet of varied foods and adequate
ener...
Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 16
Trace Elements
• Iron
 Functions
• Hemoglobin synthesis
• Ge...
Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 17
Iodine
• Functions
• Requirements
• Deficiency states
 Goite...
Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 18
Zinc
• Functions
 Enzyme constituent
 Immune system
 Other...
Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 19
Selenium
• Functions
• Requirements
• Deficiency states
• Tox...
Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 20
Other Trace Elements
• Fluoride
• Copper
• Manganese
• Chromi...
Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 21
Mineral Supplementation
• Life cycle needs
 Pregnancy and la...
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Mineral calcium

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Mineral calcium

  1. 1. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 1 Chapter 8 Minerals
  2. 2. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 2 Chapter 8 Lesson 8.1
  3. 3. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 3 Key Concept • The human body requires a variety of minerals in different amounts to perform numerous metabolic tasks.
  4. 4. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 4 The Nature of Body Minerals • Classes of body minerals  Major minerals  Trace elements • Functions of minerals • Mineral metabolism  Digestion  Absorption  Transport
  5. 5. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 5 Chapter 8 Lesson 8.2
  6. 6. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 6 Key Concepts • A mixed diet of varied foods and adequate energy value is the best source of the minerals necessary for health. • Of the total amount of minerals a person consumes, only a relatively limited amount is available to the body.
  7. 7. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 7 Major Minerals • Calcium  Functions • Bone and tooth formation • Blood clotting • Muscle and nerve action • Metabolic reactions  Requirements  Deficiency states  Toxicity symptoms  Food sources
  8. 8. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 8 Phosphorus • Functions  Bone and tooth formation  Energy metabolism  Acid-base balance • Requirements • Deficiency states • Toxicity symptoms • Food sources
  9. 9. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 9 Sodium • Functions  Water balance  Acid-base balance  Muscle action  Nutrient absorption • Requirements • Deficiency states • Toxicity symptoms • Food sources
  10. 10. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 10 Potassium • Functions  Water balance  Metabolic reactions  Muscle action  Insulin release  Blood pressure • Requirements • Deficiency states • Toxicity symptoms • Food sources
  11. 11. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 11 Chloride • Functions  Digestion  Respiration • Requirements • Deficiency states • Toxicity symptoms • Food sources
  12. 12. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 12 Magnesium • Functions  General metabolism  Protein synthesis  Muscle action  Basal metabolic rate • Requirements • Deficiency states • Toxicity symptoms • Food sources
  13. 13. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 13 Sulfur • Functions  Hair, skin, and nails  General metabolic functions  Vitamin structure  Collagen structure • Requirements • Deficiency states • Toxicity symptoms • Food sources
  14. 14. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 14 Chapter 8 Lesson 8.3
  15. 15. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 15 Key Concepts • A mixed diet of varied foods and adequate energy value is the best source of the minerals necessary for health. • Of the total amount of minerals a person consumes, only a relatively limited amount is available to the body.
  16. 16. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 16 Trace Elements • Iron  Functions • Hemoglobin synthesis • General metabolism  Requirements  Deficiency states  Toxicity symptoms  Food sources
  17. 17. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 17 Iodine • Functions • Requirements • Deficiency states  Goiter  Cretinism  Hypothyroidism  Hyperthyroidism • Toxicity symptoms • Food sources
  18. 18. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 18 Zinc • Functions  Enzyme constituent  Immune system  Other functions • Requirements • Deficiency states • Toxicity symptoms • Food sources
  19. 19. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 19 Selenium • Functions • Requirements • Deficiency states • Toxicity symptoms • Food sources
  20. 20. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 20 Other Trace Elements • Fluoride • Copper • Manganese • Chromium • Molybdenum • Other essential trace elements
  21. 21. Mosby items and derived items © 2006 by Mosby, Inc. Slide 21 Mineral Supplementation • Life cycle needs  Pregnancy and lactation  Adolescence  Adulthood • Clinical needs  Iron-deficiency anemia  Weight-loss programs  Zinc deficiency  Potassium-losing drugs
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