Medico Media <br />Carbohydrates <br /> Created By : Dr. Meena Shah<br />
Carbohydrates<br />Carbohydrates are one of the most hotly debated topics in nutrition<br />There is spread of misinformation and the labeling of all carbohydrates as “bad.”<br />Look at quick review of the basics <br />Understand fact from fiction <br />Learn that all carbs are not created equal.<br />
Carbohydrates<br />What are carbohydrates ?<br />The word “carbohydrate” is used to describe a large number of different compounds that are all composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. <br />The main forms of carbohydrates are called monosaccharides, disaccharides, polysaccharides, and fiber.<br />
Carbohydrates<br />Why do you need carbs?<br />Carbohydrates are a critical source of fuel for your brain, red blood cells, and muscles<br />They provide 4 calories per gram<br />In the body, carbohydrates are broken down to glucose, which is used to generate energy. <br />
Carbohydrates<br />Why do you need carbs?<br />Not eating enough carbohydrates forces your body to make glucose from other body tissues, primarily muscle protein. <br />Fiber is a form of carbohydrate that aids intestinal health, help lower cholesterol, and manage blood sugar levels.<br />
Carbohydrates<br />Simple versus complex<br />Sugars are referred to as simple carbohydrates <br />Starches as complex carbohydrates. <br />Simple carbs are so named because they are made up of monosaccharides and disaccharides, which are simple molecules. <br />
Carbohydrates<br />Simple versus complex<br />Complex carbs are made up of polysaccharides<br />They are much bigger, more complex molecules.<br />
Carbohydrates<br />How many carbs should I eat?<br />Exact amount of carbohydrates needed to reduce disease risk is unknown<br />Carbohydrates need to provide 55 to 65% of your calories per day<br />No more than 20% coming from added sugars. <br />
Carbohydrates<br />How many carbs should I eat?<br />Children and adults must eat at least 130 grams of carbohydrates per day to ensure that the brain has enough energy to function. <br />If you are following an extremely low-carb diet, you may not be getting enough carbohydrates.<br />
Carbohydrates<br />Choosing healthy carbohydrates<br />When choosing carbs, quality is imp.<br />Carbohydrates in whole grains, fruits, vegetables, beans, and peas do not cause obesity<br />They provide healthy carbs and are wonderful sources of many imp. vitamins, minerals, fiber, and phytochemicals. <br />
Carbohydrates<br />Choosing healthy carbohydrates<br />Be sure to manage your added sugar or refined carbohydrate intake. <br />High sugar diets can make it difficult to get enough essential nutrients.<br />
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