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    Carbohydrates Carbohydrates Presentation Transcript

    • Medico Media
      Created By : Dr. Meena Shah
    • Carbohydrates
      Carbohydrates are one of the most hotly debated topics in nutrition
      There is spread of misinformation and the labeling of all carbohydrates as “bad.”
      Look at quick review of the basics
      Understand fact from fiction
      Learn that all carbs are not created equal.
    • Carbohydrates
      What are carbohydrates ?
      The word “carbohydrate” is used to describe a large number of different compounds that are all composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
      The main forms of carbohydrates are called monosaccharides, disaccharides, polysaccharides, and fiber.
    • Carbohydrates
      Why do you need carbs?
      Carbohydrates are a critical source of fuel for your brain, red blood cells, and muscles
      They provide 4 calories per gram
      In the body, carbohydrates are broken down to glucose, which is used to generate energy.
    • Carbohydrates
      Why do you need carbs?
      Not eating enough carbohydrates forces your body to make glucose from other body tissues, primarily muscle protein.
      Fiber is a form of carbohydrate that aids intestinal health, help lower cholesterol, and manage blood sugar levels.
    • Carbohydrates
      Simple versus complex
      Sugars are referred to as simple carbohydrates
      Starches as complex carbohydrates.
      Simple carbs are so named because they are made up of monosaccharides and disaccharides, which are simple molecules.
    • Carbohydrates
      Simple versus complex
      Complex carbs are made up of polysaccharides
      They are much bigger, more complex molecules.
    • Carbohydrates
      How many carbs should I eat?
      Exact amount of carbohydrates needed to reduce disease risk is unknown
      Carbohydrates need to provide 55 to 65% of your calories per day
      No more than 20% coming from added sugars.
    • Carbohydrates
      How many carbs should I eat?
      Children and adults must eat at least 130 grams of carbohydrates per day to ensure that the brain has enough energy to function.
      If you are following an extremely low-carb diet, you may not be getting enough carbohydrates.
    • Carbohydrates
      Choosing healthy carbohydrates
      When choosing carbs, quality is imp.
      Carbohydrates in whole grains, fruits, vegetables, beans, and peas do not cause obesity
      They provide healthy carbs and are wonderful sources of many imp. vitamins, minerals, fiber, and phytochemicals.
    • Carbohydrates
      Choosing healthy carbohydrates
      Be sure to manage your added sugar or refined carbohydrate intake.
      High sugar diets can make it difficult to get enough essential nutrients.