Reading and studying

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Reading and studying

  1. 1. Reading and Studying
  2. 2. Prior Knowledge Information you have learned from past experience. What you already know about the new material. Knowledge you can apply to new situations.
  3. 3. Take an Active Approach to TextbookReading Approach the text with an open mind. Know that some texts require extra time and concentration. Ask for help for anything you do not understand.
  4. 4. Choose the Right Study Environment Alone or with a group? Where to study? When to study? How to deal with internal and external distractions?
  5. 5. Know your Purpose for Reading Read for understanding. Read to critically evaluate. Read for practical application. Read for pleasure.
  6. 6. SQ3R Reading/Study System Survey: Look over text information BEFORE you read the material.  Check information at beginning of chapter.  Look at all titles, bold print, italics, charts, tables.  Look at the chapter’s end summary.
  7. 7.  Change headings into questions to guide your reading and predict what is included in the information.  Example question:What does “questioning” mean in SQ3R?
  8. 8.  Read the text with active involvement.  Focus on your Q-stage questions.  Look for important concepts to mark in the text or to note on your paper.  Mark or annotate your textbook.
  9. 9. Mark/Annotate Your Text Mark the text only after you read the material once through. Mark at the end of a paragraph or passage. Mark only main ideas, major details, terms and definitions. Mark passages you don’t understand with “?”
  10. 10. Annotation Make notes or write questions in the margin. Note connections to previous text information. Develop your own system of notations. Use different colored highlighters. Use highlighters sparingly.
  11. 11.  Recite: Go back and answer the questions you identified in the Q-stage.  Write the answers in notes from memory.  Say the answers aloud by telling yourself or teaching someone else.
  12. 12.  Review: Do something to help you remember both soon after reading and then on a regular basis throughout the semester.  Skim/reread notes.  Answer test questions.  Quiz yourself.  Make a chapter outline.
  13. 13.  Re-survey/skim the material. Recite (out loud) key concepts/ideas. Make flash cards. Review marked/highlighted material. Think critically. Discuss material with classmate or study group. Connect new information to prior knowledge.
  14. 14. Critical Reading/Thinking InvolvesLooking for: Similarities. Differences. Cause and Effect Relationships. Examples to Ideas Development. Ideas to Examples Development. Evaluations.
  15. 15. Group Study Benefits Shared knowledge. Solidified knowledge. Increased motivation. Increased teamwork ability. Groups have both leaders and participants.
  16. 16. Effective Group Participants Get involved. Are organized. Are willing to discuss issues. Keep their word.
  17. 17. Effective Leaders Define and limit projects. Assign and set a schedule. Set meeting and project agendas. Focus progress. Set the tone for the group. Evaluate the results.
  18. 18. Strategies for Group Success Choose a leader. Set long-term and short-term goals. Learn to adjust to different personalities. Share the workload. Set a regular meeting schedule. Create study materials for each other. Help each other learn. Pool note-taking resources.

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