MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

1
3d Printing for fun and science?
A conversation about digital
fabrication, the library, and you
About Matt
• Currently Web Developer,
MIT Libraries
• Six years as Digital Fabrication Coordinator,
Knowlton School of Arc...
Goals
• Introduce the Digital-Physical Cycle
• Survey the range of fabrication technologies
now available
– and some emerg...
DIGITAL-PHYSICAL CYCLE

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

5
Fabrication

MIT, January IAP 2014

Digitization

3d Printing for fun and science?

6
Production of physical objects from
digital model(s)

Digitization

Fabrication

MIT, January IAP 2014

Range of scales, m...
QUESTIONS TO CONSIDER

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

8
How Big?

EEW Protec’s HSM-Modal
http://www.eew-protec.de/110.0.html?&L=1

MIT, January IAP 2014

ShopBot Desktop
http://w...
How Big?

Hearing aids, Widex
http://disruptiveinnovation.se/?p=343
MIT, January IAP 2014

Flight Assembled Architecture, ...
What Material?

Epoxied bricks laid by robotic arm
Gramazio + Kohler, R-O-B

MIT, January IAP 2014

Nylon produced by sele...
What Shape?

Doubly curved, complex surfaces
JF Brandon, D-Shape

MIT, January IAP 2014

Cake decorations cut from flat fo...
What Source Data?

Pen plotter
Produced from 2D drawing
Sizzix
MIT, January IAP 2014

New Orleans, Louisiana
Produced from...
What Other Properties?

Full color output
zPrinter, 3D Systems

MIT, January IAP 2014

Rubberized / pliable materials
zPri...
SURVEY OF PROCESSES

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

15
Subtractive
• Variety of materials
• Variety of scales
• Most traditional
processes

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing fo...
Subtractive
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Milling and Routing
Turning and Lathing
Shaping
Grinding
Water Jet Machining
Laser Cutting
Elec...
2.5 axes

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

18
3 axes

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

19
5 axes

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

20
More axes

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

21
Deformative
• Primary or secondary
process
• Sheet or rod stock
• Thermoplastics or steel

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Print...
Deformative
• Pressworking
• Stretch Forming
• Incremental Sheet
Forming
• Laser Bending
• Drawing
• Casting
• Injection M...
Deformative

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

24
Additive
• Generally plastic, but
other materials coming
• Stratigraphic assembly*
• Slower than other
processes
• Rapidly...
Additive
•
•
•
•
•
•

Stereolithography
Fused Deposition Modeling
3D Printing
Selective Laser Sintering
Direct Metal Print...
Stereolithography

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

27
Stereolithography
• 1986
• Laser and liquid
photopolymer
• First RP process to
market
• 3D Systems

MIT, January IAP 2014
...
Stereolithography

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

29
Fused Deposition Modeling

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

30
Fused Deposition Modeling
• 1990
• Hot glue gun
• Core patents have
expired
• Stratasys, but now
many others (MakerBot,
Re...
Fused Deposition Modeling

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

32
3D Printing

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

33
3D Printing
•
•
•
•

MIT, January IAP 2014

~1995
Water at plaster
Developed at MIT
zCorp (now 3D Systems)
among other lic...
3D Printing

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

35
Selective Laser Sintering

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

36
Capturing physical properties into digital
model(s)

Fabrication

Range of scales, constraints, timeframes,
• Subtractive
...
Contact Scanning

Tyrannosaurus Rex hip bone, part of “Rex, Sit.”
Kent A. Stevens, University of Oregon
http://ix.cs.uoreg...
Contact Scanning
• Like a 3d mouse
• Requires physical
contact
• Geometry only – no
colors
• Slow and tedious
process
• Re...
Non-Contact Scanning

Reclining Figure, sculpture by Henry Moore
Photographed by Matt Bernhardt, model assembled with 123D...
Non-Contact Scanning

Evelyn Grace Academy, London – Zaha Hadid, Architects
Scanned by ScanLab for BBC
MIT, January IAP 20...
Non-Contact Scanning
• Requires line of sight
• Can capture colors
• Thousands of data
points very quickly
• Large scale s...
EMERGING PLATFORMS

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

43
Art - 3Doodler

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

44
Mataerial

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

45
Architecture – Contour Crafting

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

46
Architecture – Contour Crafting

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

47
Architecture - D-Shape

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

48
Architecture - D-Shape

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

49
Prosthetics

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

50
CASE STUDY

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

51
“Bather” by Jacques Lipchitz
•
•
•
•

1923-25
Bronze
76” x 29.5” x 28”
Located in Hayden
Library courtyard
• Gift of Yulla...
Digitizing

33 photographs
JPG format
3456px by 2592px

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

53
Digitizing

Uploaded to 123D Catch app from Autodesk
Saved to OBJ 3d interchange format
MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing...
Fabricating

Load OBJ file into MakerWare
Saved as X3D instructions
MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science...
Fabricating

As printed with MakerBot Replicator 2
MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

56
WHERE DO I GO NEXT?

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

57
Where To Find These Tools?
• Local Businesses / Communities
– Danger: Awesome
– Artisans Asylum

• Service Bureaus
–
–
–
–...
Local Businesses

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

59
Local Businesses

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

60
Service Bureaus

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

61
Service Bureaus

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

62
Service Bureaus

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

63
Service Bureaus

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

64
Service Bureaus

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

65
Many MIT Resources Are Restricted

MIT, January IAP 2014

3d Printing for fun and science?

66
SPECIAL OFFER
Attending this class entitles you to…

One Free Use of the MakerBot & Scanner!
Courtesy of
The MIT Library P...
Questions?
Resources, Getting Started
http://libguides.mit.edu/make
Expert Consultations, Appointments
Matt Bernhardt
make...
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3d printing for fun and science

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Presentation by Matt Bernhardt for the Program on Information Science brown bag series.

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  • I like your presentation 3d Printing for Fun and Science. Additive and subtractive construction I see, will be built in a factory environment and then moved to a location for assembly. 3d printing a building on location would not be efficient. This is the future of construction.

    Dan
    Autoscale Cnc
       Reply 
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  • The text of this work by Matthew Bernhardt is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International License. NOTE however that the images on pages 9-50 are copyrighted by the original creators, and are excluded from this license. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/us/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 171 Second Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA.
  • Image from:http://www.digitaltrends.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/Is-3D-printing-the-next-big-thing-or-the-next-big-bust.jpg
  • http://www.additive3d.com/sla_int.htm
  • Video review of SLA process (in German)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eKk2vRysioE
  • http://www.additive3d.com/fdm.htm
  • Video showing Makerbot in actionhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VSZ7bTJrHSg
  • MIT:http://web.mit.edu/tdp/www/http://www.additive3d.com/3dp.htm
  • Video showing zCorp 3d printer in actionhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u7h09dTVkdw
  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/raamdev/8477289978/
  • 3d printing for fun and science

    1. 1. MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 1
    2. 2. 3d Printing for fun and science? A conversation about digital fabrication, the library, and you
    3. 3. About Matt • Currently Web Developer, MIT Libraries • Six years as Digital Fabrication Coordinator, Knowlton School of Architecture (Ohio State) • Master of Architecture MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 3
    4. 4. Goals • Introduce the Digital-Physical Cycle • Survey the range of fabrication technologies now available – and some emerging processes • Case study • Existing resources • Use in research universities MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 4
    5. 5. DIGITAL-PHYSICAL CYCLE MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 5
    6. 6. Fabrication MIT, January IAP 2014 Digitization 3d Printing for fun and science? 6
    7. 7. Production of physical objects from digital model(s) Digitization Fabrication MIT, January IAP 2014 Range of scales, materials, shapes, timeframes, budgets, and other • Contact considerations. • Non-Contact Three broad categories • Subtractive • Deformative • Additive 3d Printing for fun and science? 7
    8. 8. QUESTIONS TO CONSIDER MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 8
    9. 9. How Big? EEW Protec’s HSM-Modal http://www.eew-protec.de/110.0.html?&L=1 MIT, January IAP 2014 ShopBot Desktop http://www.flickr.com/photos/jabella/5024291593/ 3d Printing for fun and science? 9
    10. 10. How Big? Hearing aids, Widex http://disruptiveinnovation.se/?p=343 MIT, January IAP 2014 Flight Assembled Architecture, Gramazio + Kohler and Raffaello D’Andrea 3d Printing for fun and science? 10 http://www.gramaziokohler.com/web/e/projekte/209.html
    11. 11. What Material? Epoxied bricks laid by robotic arm Gramazio + Kohler, R-O-B MIT, January IAP 2014 Nylon produced by selective laser sintering Continuum Fashion, n12 bikini 3d Printing for fun and science? 11
    12. 12. What Shape? Doubly curved, complex surfaces JF Brandon, D-Shape MIT, January IAP 2014 Cake decorations cut from flat fondant sheets Cricut 3d Printing for fun and science? 12
    13. 13. What Source Data? Pen plotter Produced from 2D drawing Sizzix MIT, January IAP 2014 New Orleans, Louisiana Produced from GIS shapefiles 3D Systems 3d Printing for fun and science? 13
    14. 14. What Other Properties? Full color output zPrinter, 3D Systems MIT, January IAP 2014 Rubberized / pliable materials zPrinter, 3D Systems 3d Printing for fun and science? 14
    15. 15. SURVEY OF PROCESSES MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 15
    16. 16. Subtractive • Variety of materials • Variety of scales • Most traditional processes MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 16
    17. 17. Subtractive • • • • • • • Milling and Routing Turning and Lathing Shaping Grinding Water Jet Machining Laser Cutting Electrical Discharge Machining • Plasma Cutting • Hot Wire Cutting MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 17
    18. 18. 2.5 axes MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 18
    19. 19. 3 axes MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 19
    20. 20. 5 axes MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 20
    21. 21. More axes MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 21
    22. 22. Deformative • Primary or secondary process • Sheet or rod stock • Thermoplastics or steel MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 22
    23. 23. Deformative • Pressworking • Stretch Forming • Incremental Sheet Forming • Laser Bending • Drawing • Casting • Injection Molding • Thermoforming MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 23
    24. 24. Deformative MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 24
    25. 25. Additive • Generally plastic, but other materials coming • Stratigraphic assembly* • Slower than other processes • Rapidly developing industry MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 25
    26. 26. Additive • • • • • • Stereolithography Fused Deposition Modeling 3D Printing Selective Laser Sintering Direct Metal Printing Laminated Object Manufacturing • Polyjet • Contour Crafting • Anti-Gravity Object Modeling MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 26
    27. 27. Stereolithography MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 27
    28. 28. Stereolithography • 1986 • Laser and liquid photopolymer • First RP process to market • 3D Systems MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 28
    29. 29. Stereolithography MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 29
    30. 30. Fused Deposition Modeling MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 30
    31. 31. Fused Deposition Modeling • 1990 • Hot glue gun • Core patents have expired • Stratasys, but now many others (MakerBot, RepRap, Cube) MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 31
    32. 32. Fused Deposition Modeling MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 32
    33. 33. 3D Printing MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 33
    34. 34. 3D Printing • • • • MIT, January IAP 2014 ~1995 Water at plaster Developed at MIT zCorp (now 3D Systems) among other licensees 3d Printing for fun and science? 34
    35. 35. 3D Printing MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 35
    36. 36. Selective Laser Sintering MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 36
    37. 37. Capturing physical properties into digital model(s) Fabrication Range of scales, constraints, timeframes, • Subtractive and other considerations. • Deformative Two broad categories • Contact • Additive • Non-Contact MIT, January IAP 2014 Digitization 3d Printing for fun and science? 37
    38. 38. Contact Scanning Tyrannosaurus Rex hip bone, part of “Rex, Sit.” Kent A. Stevens, University of Oregon http://ix.cs.uoregon.edu/~kent/paleontology/Tyrannosaurus/RexSit.html MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 38
    39. 39. Contact Scanning • Like a 3d mouse • Requires physical contact • Geometry only – no colors • Slow and tedious process • Relatively small scale targets MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 39
    40. 40. Non-Contact Scanning Reclining Figure, sculpture by Henry Moore Photographed by Matt Bernhardt, model assembled with 123D Catch MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 40
    41. 41. Non-Contact Scanning Evelyn Grace Academy, London – Zaha Hadid, Architects Scanned by ScanLab for BBC MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? http://www.scanlabprojects.co.uk/projects/stirling-prize-winner-2011-zaha-hadids-evelyn-grace-academy.html 41
    42. 42. Non-Contact Scanning • Requires line of sight • Can capture colors • Thousands of data points very quickly • Large scale scans • Can work from digital photographs MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 42
    43. 43. EMERGING PLATFORMS MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 43
    44. 44. Art - 3Doodler MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 44
    45. 45. Mataerial MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 45
    46. 46. Architecture – Contour Crafting MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 46
    47. 47. Architecture – Contour Crafting MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 47
    48. 48. Architecture - D-Shape MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 48
    49. 49. Architecture - D-Shape MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 49
    50. 50. Prosthetics MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 50
    51. 51. CASE STUDY MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 51
    52. 52. “Bather” by Jacques Lipchitz • • • • 1923-25 Bronze 76” x 29.5” x 28” Located in Hayden Library courtyard • Gift of Yulla Lipchitz in Honor of Paul and Ruth Tishman MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 52
    53. 53. Digitizing 33 photographs JPG format 3456px by 2592px MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 53
    54. 54. Digitizing Uploaded to 123D Catch app from Autodesk Saved to OBJ 3d interchange format MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 54
    55. 55. Fabricating Load OBJ file into MakerWare Saved as X3D instructions MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 55
    56. 56. Fabricating As printed with MakerBot Replicator 2 MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 56
    57. 57. WHERE DO I GO NEXT? MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 57
    58. 58. Where To Find These Tools? • Local Businesses / Communities – Danger: Awesome – Artisans Asylum • Service Bureaus – – – – – Shapeways Ponoko APP Proto Laser Reproductions RedEye RPM • Around MIT – Selected Departments (Architecture, Media Lab, etc) – MIT Hobby Shop – MIT Libraries MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 58
    59. 59. Local Businesses MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 59
    60. 60. Local Businesses MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 60
    61. 61. Service Bureaus MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 61
    62. 62. Service Bureaus MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 62
    63. 63. Service Bureaus MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 63
    64. 64. Service Bureaus MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 64
    65. 65. Service Bureaus MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 65
    66. 66. Many MIT Resources Are Restricted MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 66
    67. 67. SPECIAL OFFER Attending this class entitles you to… One Free Use of the MakerBot & Scanner! Courtesy of The MIT Library Program on Information Research MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 67
    68. 68. Questions? Resources, Getting Started http://libguides.mit.edu/make Expert Consultations, Appointments Matt Bernhardt maker-lib@mit.edu Research Collaboration Program on Information Research escience@mit.edu http://informatics.mit.edu MIT, January IAP 2014 3d Printing for fun and science? 68
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