SUPPORTING ALL STUDENTSWhat type of teaching practices willsupport all students, especiallythose who have been traditionallymarginalized? • Traditional • Liberal/Progressive • Transformative
TRADITIONAL EDUCATION• Top-down transmission of knowledge• Behaviorist• Rote memorization• Test-driven• Students dislike school/teacher when this type of teaching is predominate
LIBERAL/PROGRESSIVE EDUCATION• Constructivist• Connect with prior knowledge• Student interests• Test-oriented• Students more favorable towards school/teacher
TRANSFORMATIVE EDUCATION• Embedded in community & Authentic participation• Critical Constructivism• Critical questioning• Fulﬁlling the whole student• Students highly engaged/invested - very high quality performance/ outcomes
TRANSFORMATIVE EDUCATION• Describe Wink’s experience teaching struggling students in Spanish class (pp. 14-15, 33-36).• What steps did she actually take?• How did a transformative approach affect her students?• Why did it affect them in this way?
WHAT IS A TRANSFORMATIVE EDUCATION?Transformative education exists at the nexus of: Human Rights Sustainability ImaginationTransformative education is community-centric and focused on supporting students to enact social and ecological democracy
WHAT IS A TRANSFORMATIVE EDUCATION?Transformative education exists at the nexus of: Human Rights Humans have the right to survive free of oppression Sustainability Preserving ecology by not depleting resources beyond what is able to be replenished for future generations Imagination Use of creativity to explore curiosity and use of spirit to explore fulﬁllmentTransformative education is community-centric and focused on supporting students to enact social and ecological democracy
WHAT IS TRANSFORMATIVE LEARNING?Learning is a processof changing one’srelationships withher/his community,which consist ofinterconnections withnature and society.
LINKS• http://www.ksl.com/index.php?sid=4791823 - Mr. C