The Case for
Open Educational Resources
David Lippman
Pierce College
“Open”
Open Educational Resources (OER)
Open Textbooks
Open Learning (MOOCs)
Open Pedagogy
Open Source Software
Free as in “free beer”
Free as in “free speech”
Collaboration
The Promise of Open
Food Machine
Learning Machine
From http://www.aei-ideas.org/2012/12/the-college-textbook-bubble-and-how-the-open-educational-resources-movement-
is-goin...
Textbook Costs
$1100 / year
Online access codes
Time-bombed eBooks
“this past spring quarter for math 60 I didn't
have a book the entire quarter and I barely
scraped by with a 2.0. I used t...
“I am afraid that if I can't/don't get this book
before the college quarter starts that I will fall
behind and possibly ev...
The Direct Relationship Between
Textbook Costs and Student Success






60%+ do not purchase textbook...
“70% of respondents had decided against
buying at least one assigned textbook due to
cost. While some of these students re...
Access Inequity
Mainstreamed Materials
Move towards the middle
Content creep
Open ≠ Digital
Open ≠ Free
OPEN
DIGITAL
FREE
Open is
a legal framework for sharing
OER: The 5R Permissions
Sharing and creativity are inherent in OER:
• Make and own copiesRetain
• Use the content in its u...
Open Licenses
Creative Commons
Examples of OER
Open textbooks
Workbooks
Handouts
Worksheets
Activities
Videos
etc.
The Case for Open
1. Cost Savings
Example: Green River
27 sections of Math 141 each year
× 30 students per section
× $200 (Amazon retail of Stewart Precalc ...
The text had a positive effect on the classroom instructional
atmosphere from the very beginning. Many students came
to cl...
This is a simple way that
we as faculty can address
access inequity
2. Education is Sharing
Knowledge
Unprecedented Capacity
we can share as never before
Unprecedented Capacity
we can educate as never before
Except We Can’t
Internet
Enables
Copyright
Forbids
© Cancels the Possibilities
of digital media and the internet
use copyright to enforce sharing
Internet
Enables
Sharing and educating at
unprecedented scale
OER
Allows
3. Control
At the Most Basic Level
No broken links
No surprise changes
No forced new editions
Open = freedom to
Add
Remove
Modify
Supplement
Ignore the book
I hate this problem
Q: Bob has $10,000 invested in two accounts,
one paying 4% interest and the other paying
6% interest. ...
I don’t hate this problem
Q: Bob is retiring with $1 million. He can invest
in a safe CD earning 1%, or a riskier bond
acc...
Customize and Localize
Searching through dozens of books for the
perfect table of contents
vs
Mixing contents from multipl...
I’m Sold!
Show me the goods!
Where We’ve Come From
Community of users
Creating for themselves
Sharing with everyone
Making it better for all
Expanding to Open Texts
MyOpenMath
Arithmetic
Prealgebra
Beg Algebra
Inter Algebra
College Algebra
Trig
Applied Calculus
Calculus
Math for Lib Arts
Statistics
Lots of Personal Projects
But is it any good?
There’s no reason to use a proxy
for quality when we can measure
student success
High School Data
No significant difference
Scottsdale Data
No significant difference
Results – Math in Society
Commercial text + Blackboard (‘06-’08 data)
70.2% pass rate, n = 131
IMathAS + Open Text v1 (‘08...
Success Data - Calculus
Stewart/Hoffman Comparison
Bellevue College used Stewart (2006-07) and Hoffman (2007-08)
Stewart N...
Student Success Data - Precalc
4850 students at Pierce, Green River, and
Shoreline have used our text (over the last 2
yea...
Student Success Data - Algebra
Big Bend switched completely to an emporium
model.
Success rate jumped from 48% to 75%, and...
Mercy College - (Wallace Algebra)
Percentage passing with C or better
63.60%
68.90%
48.40%
60.18%
55.91%
64.50%
0.00%
10.0...
“The student feedback I've received (to the texts I and others
have used, as well as the associated WAMAP material and
Jam...
What’s Coming?
Z Degree: Tidewater Community
College's textbook answer
The college estimates that students who complete
their degree thro...
Departments take ownership
Adoption
A Call to Action
One of the few ways
we as faculty can directly address
access inequity
Think about the
Return on Investment
Make it yours
Teach Openly
Look at an Open Course
Contribute
Contribute
Proofread
Create activities
Add new exercises
Create videos
Join a collaboration
the Learning Machine is being built
Join in
Thank you
David Lippman
dlippman@pierce.ctc.edu
http://dlippman.imathas.com
Want to work on a contextual /
conceptual / active learning algebra
course?
Email me!
Contribute rich tasks to:
wamap.org/...
Attribution Statement
This slidedeck is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License and contains
content from a ...
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
The Case for Open
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

The Case for Open

372 views
216 views

Published on

Thursday evening keynote from the 2014 Washington Community College Math conference.

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
372
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The Case for Open

  1. 1. The Case for Open Educational Resources David Lippman Pierce College
  2. 2. “Open” Open Educational Resources (OER) Open Textbooks Open Learning (MOOCs) Open Pedagogy
  3. 3. Open Source Software Free as in “free beer” Free as in “free speech” Collaboration
  4. 4. The Promise of Open
  5. 5. Food Machine
  6. 6. Learning Machine
  7. 7. From http://www.aei-ideas.org/2012/12/the-college-textbook-bubble-and-how-the-open-educational-resources-movement- is-going-up-against-the-textbook-cartel/
  8. 8. Textbook Costs $1100 / year Online access codes Time-bombed eBooks
  9. 9. “this past spring quarter for math 60 I didn't have a book the entire quarter and I barely scraped by with a 2.0. I used the book and help of tutors in the tutoring center everyday and still did not fully understand the material as much as I wanted. If I continue this way I will surely fail math 98”
  10. 10. “I am afraid that if I can't/don't get this book before the college quarter starts that I will fall behind and possibly even fail the class”
  11. 11. The Direct Relationship Between Textbook Costs and Student Success       60%+ do not purchase textbooks at some point due to cost 35% take fewer courses due to textbook cost 31% choose not to register for a course due to textbook cost 23% regularly go without textbooks due to cost 14% have dropped a course due to textbook cost 10% have withdrawn from a course due to textbook cost Source: 2012 student survey by Florida Virtual Campus
  12. 12. “70% of respondents had decided against buying at least one assigned textbook due to cost. While some of these students reported sharing or borrowing instead, 78% still believed they would generally do worse in class without their own copy of the required text.” http://www.studentpirgs.org/news/ap/high-prices-prevent-college-students-buying-assigned-textbooks
  13. 13. Access Inequity
  14. 14. Mainstreamed Materials Move towards the middle Content creep
  15. 15. Open ≠ Digital Open ≠ Free OPEN DIGITAL FREE
  16. 16. Open is a legal framework for sharing
  17. 17. OER: The 5R Permissions Sharing and creativity are inherent in OER: • Make and own copiesRetain • Use the content in its unaltered formReuse • Adapt, adjust, modify, improve, or alter the contentRevise • Combine the original or revised content with other OER to create something newRemix • Share copies of the original content, revisions or remixes with othersRedistribute
  18. 18. Open Licenses Creative Commons
  19. 19. Examples of OER Open textbooks Workbooks Handouts Worksheets Activities Videos etc.
  20. 20. The Case for Open
  21. 21. 1. Cost Savings
  22. 22. Example: Green River 27 sections of Math 141 each year × 30 students per section × $200 (Amazon retail of Stewart Precalc – cost of printed OER text) $162,000 saved in one year, in one course
  23. 23. The text had a positive effect on the classroom instructional atmosphere from the very beginning. Many students came to class on the first day with a positive attitude borne of having been to the bookstore and found that their textbook would cost $20 rather than over $100, and even spending that much was optional. Moreover, the vast majority of students had the textbook in one form or another from the outset and so didn’t face the prospect of falling behind because they couldn’t get it until a financial aid check came in. MAA Review by Mike Kenyon, Green River Community College, 10/15/2012
  24. 24. This is a simple way that we as faculty can address access inequity
  25. 25. 2. Education is Sharing
  26. 26. Knowledge
  27. 27. Unprecedented Capacity we can share as never before
  28. 28. Unprecedented Capacity we can educate as never before
  29. 29. Except We Can’t Internet Enables Copyright Forbids
  30. 30. © Cancels the Possibilities of digital media and the internet
  31. 31. use copyright to enforce sharing
  32. 32. Internet Enables Sharing and educating at unprecedented scale OER Allows
  33. 33. 3. Control
  34. 34. At the Most Basic Level No broken links No surprise changes No forced new editions
  35. 35. Open = freedom to Add Remove Modify Supplement Ignore the book
  36. 36. I hate this problem Q: Bob has $10,000 invested in two accounts, one paying 4% interest and the other paying 6% interest. He earned $520 interest last year. How much does he have invested in each account? A: Read your statements, Bob!
  37. 37. I don’t hate this problem Q: Bob is retiring with $1 million. He can invest in a safe CD earning 1%, or a riskier bond account earning 4%. He wants to live on interest, and needs $30,000 a year to live on. What’s the minimum he needs to invest in the bond account?
  38. 38. Customize and Localize Searching through dozens of books for the perfect table of contents vs Mixing contents from multiple texts to create a perfect match for your outcomes
  39. 39. I’m Sold! Show me the goods!
  40. 40. Where We’ve Come From
  41. 41. Community of users Creating for themselves Sharing with everyone Making it better for all
  42. 42. Expanding to Open Texts
  43. 43. MyOpenMath
  44. 44. Arithmetic Prealgebra Beg Algebra Inter Algebra College Algebra Trig Applied Calculus Calculus Math for Lib Arts Statistics
  45. 45. Lots of Personal Projects
  46. 46. But is it any good?
  47. 47. There’s no reason to use a proxy for quality when we can measure student success
  48. 48. High School Data No significant difference
  49. 49. Scottsdale Data No significant difference
  50. 50. Results – Math in Society Commercial text + Blackboard (‘06-’08 data) 70.2% pass rate, n = 131 IMathAS + Open Text v1 (‘08-’11 data) 72.4% pass rate, n = 236 IMathAS + Open Text v2 (’12-’13 data) 80.4% pass rate, n = 92 *No statistically significant difference
  51. 51. Success Data - Calculus Stewart/Hoffman Comparison Bellevue College used Stewart (2006-07) and Hoffman (2007-08) Stewart N=622 Success = “ABC” = 74.4% Success range: 42 – 90% Hoffman N=710 Success = “ABC” = 74.8% Success range: 40 – 95%
  52. 52. Student Success Data - Precalc 4850 students at Pierce, Green River, and Shoreline have used our text (over the last 2 years), vs. 5000 past students saw no significant difference in success, while saving $300,000+
  53. 53. Student Success Data - Algebra Big Bend switched completely to an emporium model. Success rate jumped from 48% to 75%, and withdraw rate dropped from 25% to 9%
  54. 54. Mercy College - (Wallace Algebra) Percentage passing with C or better 63.60% 68.90% 48.40% 60.18% 55.91% 64.50% 0.00% 10.00% 20.00% 30.00% 40.00% 50.00% 60.00% 70.00% 80.00% Fall 2011 No OER Fall 2012 OER Spring 2011 No OER Spring 2013 OER Total No OER Total OER n=2,842 including pilot
  55. 55. “The student feedback I've received (to the texts I and others have used, as well as the associated WAMAP material and James Sousa videos) has been virtually 100% positive. And it's not just the low-to-nonexistent price: we've received many comments about how these books are much easier for them to read than traditional textbooks, how WAMAP is far superior to Webassign, and how helpful they find the videos.” - Jeff Eldridge, Edmonds CC
  56. 56. What’s Coming?
  57. 57. Z Degree: Tidewater Community College's textbook answer The college estimates that students who complete their degree through the textbook-free program could save one-third on the cost of college.
  58. 58. Departments take ownership
  59. 59. Adoption
  60. 60. A Call to Action
  61. 61. One of the few ways we as faculty can directly address access inequity
  62. 62. Think about the Return on Investment
  63. 63. Make it yours
  64. 64. Teach Openly
  65. 65. Look at an Open Course
  66. 66. Contribute
  67. 67. Contribute Proofread Create activities Add new exercises Create videos Join a collaboration
  68. 68. the Learning Machine is being built Join in
  69. 69. Thank you David Lippman dlippman@pierce.ctc.edu http://dlippman.imathas.com
  70. 70. Want to work on a contextual / conceptual / active learning algebra course? Email me! Contribute rich tasks to: wamap.org/projects/ David Lippman dlippman@pierce.ctc.edu http://dlippman.imathas.com
  71. 71. Attribution Statement This slidedeck is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License and contains content from a variety of sources published under a variety of open licenses, including: • Original content created by David Lippman of Pierce College and Lumen Learning • Content created by David Wiley, originally published at http://www.slideshare.net/opencontent/ under a CC-BY license. • Food machine photo, original published at http://www.flickr.com/photos/cvander/ under a CC-BY license • Freaky skull photo, original published at http://www.flickr.com/photos/erikcharlton/2955613283/sizes/m/in/photostream/ under a CC-BY license

×