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El Verbo Gustar
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El Verbo Gustar

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Gustar - What is pleasing to you? …

Gustar - What is pleasing to you?
Gustar works differently from the other verbs we have learned. Take a look to see how Gustar is conjugated (hint: only two forms!!)

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  • 1. ¿Te gusta la foca?
  • 2. Me gusta la foca
  • 3. ¿Te gustan las focas?
  • 4. Me gustan las focas
  • 5. ¿Te gusta la foca gordita?
  • 6. ¡Me gusta mucho la foca gordita!
  • 7. ¿Te gusta la rana?
  • 8. No me gusta la rana. La rana es fea.
  • 9. “Vicki, ¿te gusta la foca?” “Sí, me gusta.” A Vicki le gusta la foca.
  • 10. “Vicki, ¿te gusta la rana?” “No me gusta la rana.” A Vicki no le gusta la rana.
  • 11. Gustar is different from the otherverbs we have learned.We have already learned that there are 5 groups ofSubject Pronouns we use to conjugate Ar, Er, and Irverbs:YoTúÉl, ella, ustedNosotros/nosotrasEllos, ellas, ustedes
  • 12. But Gustar is conjugated differently:We will use only two forms; and Gustarrequires object pronouns
  • 13. GustarPerson(s) being pleased + gusta/gustan + thing(s) that are pleasing me Singular items: el helado te gusta + Singular la fruta le comer y bailar (note: + verbs are singular) nos Plural items: les gustan las uvas plural + las fresas los camarones
  • 14. Is thisitempleasingto me? Is thisI need itemto use pleasing to you? I need to use Is this item pleasing to someone else? I need to use
  • 15. Is thisitem Is thispleasing itemto us? pleasingI need to youto use all or to them? I need to use
  • 16. Ojo (watch out!) Nos is not short for Nosotros.Nosotros is a subject pronoun.It means “we” and can „drive a verb‟. In other words, we can conjugate verbsin the Nosotros form:Nosotros hacemos la tarea.
  • 17. Nos means “us”It is an object pronoun and objectpronouns cannot drive a verb.We cannot conjugate a verb for “nos”.Objects get stuff:La profe nos da la tarea.La profe gives us the homeworkor La profe gives the homework to us.
  • 18. Gustar To clarify the meaning of le and les, add a + person in front of the object pronoun:Pedro y Ana toman el desayuno juntos. Para beber, a Pedro le gusta tomar el café, pero a ella le gusta el té.A Vicki no le gusta la rana fea. (Le refers to Vicki)A Kiera y a Debi les gusta ir al parque. (Les refers to Kiera and Debi)
  • 19. GustarFor emphasis, add a mí, a ti, a usted, a nosotros A mí me gustan las fresas. Strawberries are pleasing to ME (emphatic opinion.) A nosotros nos gusta el español. Spanish is pleasing to US (emphatic opinion.)
  • 20. Gustar To avoid repeating a question to ask someone else’s opinion, You can use ¿Y a ti?, ¿Y a usted?, ¿Y a él?, etc.—¿Te gustan los hongos?—Sí, me gustan. ¿Y a ti, Vicki?--Sí, a mí también.
  • 21. ¿A ustedes les gusta la foca? Sí, nos gusta la foca.
  • 22. ¿A ustedes les gusta la rana?A nosotros no nos gusta la rana.
  • 23. GustarImportant things to remember about gustar: The definite article is used with the thing(s) pleasing to you: Me gusta el helado. Me gustan las fresas. Les gusta la novela. Les gusta el sombrero y las botas.
  • 24. GustarImportant things to remember about gustar: If what is pleasing is an activity, always use the singular form gusta with the infinitive of the verb: Nos gusta comer. Les gusta cenar en restaurantes y asistir a conciertos. Me gusta leer, navegar por internet, caminar con mi perro y mirar la televisión.
  • 25. Ojo:Using Gustar with peopleIt indicates a physical attraction
  • 26. Do not make the mistake of conjugating Gustar in the Yo form. Me gustoIf you make this mistake, do not saythat you learned Spanish from me.
  • 27. But using titles with peoplemakes it ok:A Joann le gusta el arquitecto Ieoh Ming Pei.
  • 28. But there are better expressions toindicate you like or get along withpeople:Caer bienLlevarse bien
  • 29. For more information,check out the Gustar page at
  • 30. Practica con otrosestudiantes.
  • 31. Practica con otrosestudiantes.