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The Genealogy of Jesus According to the Gospel of Luke: All Nations Leadership Institue
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The Genealogy of Jesus According to the Gospel of Luke: All Nations Leadership Institue



Jesus Across the Gospels...

Jesus Across the Gospels
Written by Pastor Daryl Cox

From All Nations Leadership Institute
4501 West 127th Street
Alsip, IL 60803




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The Genealogy of Jesus According to the Gospel of Luke: All Nations Leadership Institue Document Transcript

  • 1. The Genealogy of Jesus According to the Gospel of Luke Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened, And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased. And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli…” (Luke 3:21-23, KJV). “…Which was the son of Enos, which was the son of Seth, which was the son of Adam, which was the son of God” (Luke 3:38). The Gospel according to St. Luke is called the Gospel of Salvation. It focuses upon Jesusas the only Savior of humanity. Many of the accounts, teachings and sayings that are unique tothis Gospel reflect and proclaim the theme of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, Salvation in Christ. Theunique stories and teachings of this Gospel account underscore its central theme. One of thethemes, the genealogy of Christ, is a powerful testimony of God’s love and willingness to saveall. The genealogy of Christ presented in Luke 3 is distinct from the genealogy found inMatt1. Matthew identifies Jesus with two great figures from the Old Testament, Abraham andDavid. The genealogy is kingly given that it mentions Judah Abraham’s grandson through Jacobto whom was promised a royal lineage from which the Messiah (Christ) would come and thekings that ruled in the history of Israel starting with David. Matthew calls Jesus the son of bothAbraham and David, who by descent will fulfill the two great covenants God made with them. The Gospel of Luke presents Christ’s genealogy not at the beginning of his account, butinterestingly, following the baptism of Christ and His introduction into ministry. The genealogyappears to belong to that of his mother Mary, although her name is not given. The absence of awoman’s name from a genealogy was a standard Hebrew custom in those days since theemphasis was strictly male oriented. To identify a genealogy with the mother the Jews would usethe woman’s father. In Luke, we have Joseph presented as “the son of Heli” (Luke 3:38) whereasMatthew says “Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary” (Matt 1:16). The expression “son of”found in Luke is not limited to begetting. It can have a more remote relationship. Joseph is theactual son of Jacob in Matthew and the son in law of Heli in Luke. Luke traces Christ’s lineageback to David through Nathan and not Solomon. This identifies Mary as belonging to the tribe ofJudah and the house of David. Jesus, by descent, is from the house of David and the tribe ofJudah through His mother, Mary, but by the oath of the Davidic Covenant He is the heir to thethrone of David ( Ps 132:11). Luke continues his presentation of Christ’s lineage from David back to Abraham throughJudah, the son of Jacob, just as Matthew does. The lineage continues back to Noah throughShem, his oldest son. In Genesis 9:26, God is prophetically glorified through the lineage of
  • 2. Noah’s son, Shem. It is in the person of Christ who is descended from the ancestral line of Shemafter the flesh that God will be glorified for our deliverance from sin and death. The ancestry isconcluded with Adam, the first human. He is called the son of God. Jesus is identified with thehuman race as the Son of God. By descent from Adam, all men were made sinners. Through thenew birth in Christ, all are made righteous and given a new identity in Christ through the Spiritof God. Earlier, Luke places Christ’s genealogy following His baptism. At the event of Christ’sbaptism, God confirms Jesus of Nazareth as His Son in whom He is pleased to dwell. The Son ofGod is identified with God through the incarnation, the Word made flesh, and God is identifiedwith man through incarnation. Following this, Luke identifies the Son of God with Adam and byconsequence the human race. Only by coming as one of us, could God bring about our greatdeliverance from sin and death through death as a man and resurrection from the dead. Throughthe incarnation, Jesus is identified with both God and man that mankind can become identifiedwith Him as sons of God. In conclusion, the recorded accounts of the Raising of the Widow of Nain’s Son from thedead; the Conversion of Zacchaeus; the Parable of the Lost Coin; the Prodigal Son; the Thief onthe Cross and many other accounts and sayings that are all unique to Luke’s Gospel highlight thecentral theme that Jesus came into our world as one of us and has the power to deliver us from allbondage. He paid a great price for all of mankind’s transgressions and rose triumphantly fromthe dead. He is alive today and can save to the uttermost all that come to Him in faith.Pastor Daryl Cox