Effective Speechwriting

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Effective Speechwriting

  1. 1. English 505 Modern English Grammar
  2. 2. <ul><li>Elements: </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Topic </li></ul><ul><li>Match the topic to the audience. </li></ul><ul><li>Select one that is important to you and the office. </li></ul><ul><li>Trouble deciding upon a topic? </li></ul><ul><li>Make a list and narrow it down to one. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>(Dowis 17) </li></ul><ul><li>There are six basic purposes of a speech: </li></ul><ul><li>to entertain, </li></ul><ul><li>to inform, </li></ul><ul><li>to motivate, </li></ul><ul><li>to advocate, or </li></ul><ul><li>to convince or persuade </li></ul><ul><li>Select one or two. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Audience </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t assume </li></ul><ul><li>Length </li></ul><ul><li>Timing </li></ul><ul><li>Number of people </li></ul><ul><li>Gender, age group, education level, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Prior knowledge on topic </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>(Dowis 35) </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your focus narrow </li></ul><ul><li>Be disciplined in researching, reading, and writing </li></ul><ul><li>Connect to nature of speech, subject, prior knowledge of the audience, your own knowledge, etc. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Organize </li></ul><ul><li>(Dowis 50-12) </li></ul><ul><li>Create a list of key points. Narrow the scope. </li></ul><ul><li>Write you supporting points. </li></ul><ul><li>This process helps you develop your thesis statement. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop an outline </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Thesis </li></ul><ul><li>A thesis is a single, unifying idea or theme of the speech (Dowis 2000) </li></ul><ul><li>You should develop your thesis first. However, writing is not always neat and tidy. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop an outline. This is will help your organize your speech. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Recap </li></ul><ul><li>Here’s what you should have before you begin writing: </li></ul><ul><li>audience, </li></ul><ul><li>purpose, </li></ul><ul><li>what you want to accomplish, </li></ul><ul><li>thesis, and </li></ul><ul><li>key and supporting points. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>What is cohesion? </li></ul><ul><li>Cohesion is the glue that binds your writing together into a seamless unit. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Transitions </li></ul><ul><li>Move the reader from paragraph to another. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, transitions close gaps within a paragraph. </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Transitions (Ruskiewicz, Friend, Hairston 211) </li></ul>Similarity Contrast Accumulation Consequence likewise like similarity in the same way just as however --instead nevertheless although--but in spite of--rather on the other hand not only moreover in addition to for example and for instance hence consequently so therefore as a result of thus Causation Sequence because--since next--after—finally subsequently first, second, third
  13. 14. <ul><li>Repetition </li></ul><ul><li>Contribution of particular words to the continuity of text. (Kolln 67) </li></ul><ul><li>Repeating of key terms </li></ul><ul><li>Refers to synonyms and other related words: animals/lions, supper/dinner, husband/hubby, etc. </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Opener </li></ul><ul><li>(Dowis 61-8) </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a common ground. </li></ul><ul><li>Set the tone. </li></ul><ul><li>Catch the interest of the listener. </li></ul><ul><li>Segues into the topic </li></ul><ul><li>Types -- novelty, dramatic, question, humorous, and reference </li></ul>

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