Subtitle
WHAT IS
CURRICULUM
DEVELOPMENT?
TRADITIONALISTS
vs.
PROGRESSIVISTS
Subtitle
SYLLABUS
and
CURRICULUM
What do you think is
the difference?
Definition of
Syllabus
u A general overall plan of the content
that the school should offer the student
by way of qualifyi...
Curriculum
definitions
n. Curriculum is a dynamic, ever-
changing series of planned learning
experiences.
n. Curriculum is...
Definitions of
CURRICULUM
u Curriculum is a cultural reproduction in a
structured way. It is even more: It should
also val...
Definition by
Tanner & Tanner
u Tanner & Tanner (2007:121) offers the following
definition, derived from Dewey’s definitio...
Curriculum
a wider concept
uCurriculum derived from
Latin verb curere = to run
uPortuguese: Corrida =
race
Subtitle
Curriculum
= an academic
and social
learning race
Who do you think forms part of the
curriculum race at your inst...
TEACHING STAFF
uAcademic Committee
uPermanent and temporary
lecturers
Management
Committee
uExecutive Committee
uBoard members
IQEC
uThe Internal Quality Evaluation
Committee (IQEC)
ADMINISTRATION
u Quality administration:
- Curriculum information
- Registration
- Rules
- Tests and Exam results
- Evalua...
Subtitle
Traditional way
and
Progressive way
of Curriculum
Development
What do you think is the difference?
THE TRADITIONAL
WAY
u Schools need to return to basic education and
high standards – back to the essentials.
u Schools mus...
The Traditional way
(Cont)
u Knowledge is generally regarded as an
objective, impersonal, many times
value-free commodity ...
THE PROGRESSIVE
WAY
u Emphasize on relevant curriculum
content.
u The progressivists see knowledge as
more than a product ...
Questions that
progressivists ask
u What should be the overall aims of
education?
u How can education help humanity
achiev...
Other
characteristics of
Progressivists
u They consider curriculum just to be a general
guide.
u They see human beings as ...
Interaction and
meaning
u Curriculum involves interaction between
teachers and learners, between learners and
learners, be...
Take the following
into consideration
u No one has all the truth
u Human nature and human learning are
complex
u Curriculu...
Paul Freire – a
progressivist
u He opposes “banking education” and
“narration sickness” by which teachers
deposit informat...
Subtitle
REFLECTION
•What kind of curriculum orientation
represents your Theological Institution?
•What kind of curriculum...
Evaluation
The traditional way
u The “basics” of the academic traditionalist
orientation are not always Biblical basics. T...
A stance in favour of a
Progressive approach
u If a curriculum team shares common
beliefs and values, a progressive
orient...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

What is curriculum development

884 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
884
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
11
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
34
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

What is curriculum development

  1. 1. Subtitle WHAT IS CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT? TRADITIONALISTS vs. PROGRESSIVISTS
  2. 2. Subtitle SYLLABUS and CURRICULUM What do you think is the difference?
  3. 3. Definition of Syllabus u A general overall plan of the content that the school should offer the student by way of qualifying him for graduation or certification or for entrance into a professional or vocational field Good,1973:149
  4. 4. Curriculum definitions n. Curriculum is a dynamic, ever- changing series of planned learning experiences. n. Curriculum is everything learners experience in school
  5. 5. Definitions of CURRICULUM u Curriculum is a cultural reproduction in a structured way. It is even more: It should also value independent thinking in the context of the widest sense of social responsibility . - Smith, Stanley & Shores
  6. 6. Definition by Tanner & Tanner u Tanner & Tanner (2007:121) offers the following definition, derived from Dewey’s definition of education; u “That reconstruction of knowledge and experience that enables the learner to grow in exercising intelligent control of subsequent knowledge and experience” u Dewey viewed education as a generative process – that is, a process through which the learner extends and deepens the capability of exercising intelligent control over changing conditions in life
  7. 7. Curriculum a wider concept uCurriculum derived from Latin verb curere = to run uPortuguese: Corrida = race
  8. 8. Subtitle Curriculum = an academic and social learning race Who do you think forms part of the curriculum race at your institution?
  9. 9. TEACHING STAFF uAcademic Committee uPermanent and temporary lecturers
  10. 10. Management Committee uExecutive Committee uBoard members
  11. 11. IQEC uThe Internal Quality Evaluation Committee (IQEC)
  12. 12. ADMINISTRATION u Quality administration: - Curriculum information - Registration - Rules - Tests and Exam results - Evaluation forms
  13. 13. Subtitle Traditional way and Progressive way of Curriculum Development What do you think is the difference?
  14. 14. THE TRADITIONAL WAY u Schools need to return to basic education and high standards – back to the essentials. u Schools must systematically teach basic knowledge and not be afraid to stress hard work and discipline. u Knowledge consists of facts, concepts and skills that must be mastered through memorization and drill.
  15. 15. The Traditional way (Cont) u Knowledge is generally regarded as an objective, impersonal, many times value-free commodity to be grasped. u Outcomes are very specific. u Lecturers are the technicians whose task is solely to follow the step-by-step instructions in their manuals
  16. 16. THE PROGRESSIVE WAY u Emphasize on relevant curriculum content. u The progressivists see knowledge as more than a product that has to be mastered. u Students, they believe must interact with the world around them and interpret it.
  17. 17. Questions that progressivists ask u What should be the overall aims of education? u How can education help humanity achieve a just and compassionate society? u What is the right (moral) thing to do?
  18. 18. Other characteristics of Progressivists u They consider curriculum just to be a general guide. u They see human beings as important subjects rather than mere objects. u Rather than “mastering” knowledge, students establish meaning for their lives through understanding and interpretation
  19. 19. Interaction and meaning u Curriculum involves interaction between teachers and learners, between learners and learners, between learners and curriculum content. u The focus of teaching is more the making of meaning through learning than the transmission of concepts and skills.
  20. 20. Take the following into consideration u No one has all the truth u Human nature and human learning are complex u Curriculum documents are only guides. Teachers use their professional and considered judgement in determining what is best for a particular situation
  21. 21. Paul Freire – a progressivist u He opposes “banking education” and “narration sickness” by which teachers deposit information into the passive minds of their pupils. u Learners should not only be active participants, but in doing so should develop a critical consciousness.
  22. 22. Subtitle REFLECTION •What kind of curriculum orientation represents your Theological Institution? •What kind of curriculum orientation do you think your Theological Institution should follow? •How?
  23. 23. Evaluation The traditional way u The “basics” of the academic traditionalist orientation are not always Biblical basics. The Bible says that basic knowledge does not primarily mean knowing the facts of church history, doctrine, liturgy, missiology etc. u According to the Bible a lack of basic knowledge means not acting justly and not having mercy etc. i.e. ignoring biblical norms (Hosea 4:6; Micah 6:8) u Knowledge is in the first place an affair of the heart.
  24. 24. A stance in favour of a Progressive approach u If a curriculum team shares common beliefs and values, a progressive orientation with its emphasize on understanding and meaning and critical thinking linked to life situations, it will yield a more thoughtful approach to curriculum planning than all the other orientations.

×