Other childhood disorders

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Other childhood disorders

  1. 1. OTHERCHILDHOODDISORDERSMR. JAYESH PATIDARwww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  2. 2. RETT’S SYNDROME• A condition of unknowncause, reported only in girls.• It is characterized by apparently normalor near-normal early developmentwhich is followed by partial or completeloss of acquired hand skills & ofspeech, together with deceleration inhead growth, usually with an onsetbetween 7 & 24 months of age.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  3. 3. ASPERGER’S SYNDROME• The condition is characterized by severe& sustained abnormalities of socialbehavior similar to those of childhoodautism with stereotyped & repetitiveactivities & motor mannerisms such ashand & finger-twisting or whole bodymovements.• It differs from autism in that there is nogeneral delay or retardation of cognitivedevelopment or language.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  4. 4. SIBLING RIVALRY DISORDER• Sibling rivalry/jealousy may be shownby marked competition with siblings forthe attention & affection ofparents, associated with unusualpattern of negative feelings.• Onset is during the months followingthe birth of the younger sibling.• In extreme cases there is over-hostility, physical trauma towards &undermining of the sibling, regressionwith loss of previously acquired skills(such as bowel & bladder control) & atendency to babyish behavior.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  5. 5. ELECTIVE MUTISM• This condition is characterized by amarked, emotionally determinedselectivity in speaking such that thechild demonstrates his languagecompetence in some situations, butfails to speak in other situation.• Most typically the child speaks athome or with close friends, & is muteat school or with strangers.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  6. 6. NON-ORGANIC ENCOPRESIS• It is repeated voluntary orinvoluntary passage offeces, usually of normal or nearnormal consistency, in places notappropriate for that purpose inthe individual’s socio-culturalsettings.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  7. 7. PICA• Pica of infancy & childhood ischaracterized by eating non-nutritive substances (soil, paintchipping, paper, etc).• Treatment consist of commonsense precautions to keep thechild away from abnormal itemsof diet.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  8. 8. STUTTERING (STAMMERING)• It refers to frequent hesitation orpauses in speech characterized byfrequent repetitions orprolongation of sounds orsyllables or words, disruptingrhythmic flow of speech.• The usual treatment is speechtherapy.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  9. 9. Thankyouwww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com

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