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Mental health & illness

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  • 1. JAYESH PATIDAR
  • 2. It is a state of balance between the individual & the surrounding world, a state of harmony between oneself & others, a co-existence between the realities of the self & that of other people & the environment
  • 3. Karl menninger (1947) defines mental health as “An adjustment of human being to the world & to each other with a maximum of effectiveness & happiness”The American Psychiatric Association (APA 1980) defines mental health as: “Simultaneous success at working, loving & creating with the capacity for mature & flexible resolution of conflicts between instincts, conscience, important other people & reality.”
  • 4.  Adequate contact with reality Control of thoughts & imagination Efficiency in work & play Social acceptance Positive self-concept A healthy emotional life
  • 5. He has an ability to make adjustments.He has a sense of personal worth, feels worthwhile &important.He solves his problems largely by his own effort &makes his own decisions.He has a sense of personal security & feels secure in agroup, shows understanding of other people’s problems& motives.He has a sense of responsibility.He can give & accept love.He lives in a world of reality rather than fantasy.He shows emotional maturity in his behavior, &
  • 6.  Mental illness is maladjustment in living. It produces a disharmony in the person’s ability to meet human needs comfortably or effectively & function within a culture. A mentally ill person loses his ability to respond according to the expectations he has for himself & the demands that society has for him. In general an individual may be considered to be mentally ill if:• The person’s behavior is causing distress & suffering to self &/ or others.• The person’s behavior is causing disturbances in his day-to-day activities, job & interpersonal relationships.
  • 7. Mental & behavioraldisorders are understood asclinically significant conditionscharacterized by alterations inthinking, mood (emotions) orbehavior associated with personaldistress & / or impaired functioning.(WHO, 2001)
  • 8.  Changes in one’s thinking, memory, perception, feeling & judgment resulting in changes in talk & behavior which appear to be deviant from previous personality or from the norms of community. These changes in behavior cause distress & suffering to the individual or others or both Changes & the consequent distress cause disturbance in day-to-day activities, work & relationship with important others (social & vocational dysfunction).