Individual psychotherapy


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Individual psychotherapy

  1. 1. MR. JAYESH PATIDAR www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com4/24/2013 1Jayesh Patidar
  2. 2.  It is conducted on a one to one basis i.e. the therapist treat on client at a time  By this therapist helps the patient to come to a greater understanding of himself & to find a way of dealing with his problem.  Indication: stress-related disorder, alcohol & drug dependence, sexual disorder & marital disharmony. 4/24/2013 2Jayesh Patidar
  3. 3. TYPES OF INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOTHERAPY 1. Psychoanalysis 2. Hypnosis 3. Abreaction 4. Reality therapy 5. Uncovering 6. Supportive therapy 4/24/2013 3Jayesh Patidar
  4. 4. 1. Psychoanalysis  Psychoanalytical therapy was developed by Freud.  It focus on unconscious forces such as repressed impulses & memories, internal conflicts & childhood trauma on mental life & adjustment of the individual.  The most important indication for psychoanalytical therapy is the presence of longstanding mental conflicts, which may be unconscious but produce symptoms. 4/24/2013 4Jayesh Patidar
  5. 5. Count…  The aim of therapy is to bring all repressed material to unconscious awareness so that the patient can work towards a healthy resolution of his problems, which are causing the symptoms.  Psychotherapy as a form of therapy is used primarily in psychoneuroses by bringing about basic modification in the personality. This is done by establishing a constructive therapeutic relationship. 4/24/2013 5Jayesh Patidar
  6. 6. Count… The specific methods used to achieve the effect of therapy are; free association, dream interpretation analysis of resistances & defenses used by the patient, working through the feelings & experiences revealed by the patient during transferring. Every interaction lasts for 45 minutes. 4- 5 days a week for approximately 3-5 years. 4/24/2013 6Jayesh Patidar
  7. 7. 2. Hypnosis • Hypnosis is a superficial or deep trance (a somnolent state/sleep like) resembling sleep. • It induced in a patient by suggestions of relaxation & concentrating attention on a single object. • The client becomes highly suggestible, submissive & abandons control & response to therapist influence. • He can be induced to recall forgotten events, becomes insensitive to pain, gain relief from tension, anxiety & other psychological symptoms. • It affects behavioral change & control of attitude 4/24/2013 7Jayesh Patidar
  8. 8. Count… Changes that occur during hypnosis: The person becomes highly suggestible to the commands of the therapist. There is an ability to produce or remove symptoms or perceptions. Dissociation of a part of the body or emotions. Amnesia for the events that occurred during the hypnotic state. 4/24/2013 8Jayesh Patidar
  9. 9. Count… This therapy is used in; obesity, hypertension, asthma, smoking, peptic ulcer, overeating, abreaction of past experiences, psychosomatic disorders, conversion & dissociative disorders, habit disorder & anxiety disorder or other addiction disorder. 4/24/2013 9Jayesh Patidar
  10. 10. 3. Abreaction Therapy  Abreaction is a process by which repressed material, particularly a painful experience or conflict is brought back to consciousness.  The person not only recalls but also relieves the material, which is accompanied by the appropriate emotional response.  It is most useful in acute neurotic conditions caused by extreme stress (PTSD, hysteria etc). 4/24/2013 10Jayesh Patidar
  11. 11. Count…Methods:  Abreaction can be brought about by strong encouragement to relieve the stressful events.  The procedure is begun with neutral topics at first, & gradually approaches area of conflict.  Abreaction can be done with or without the use of medication. 4/24/2013 11Jayesh Patidar
  12. 12. 4. Reality Therapy This is a psychotherapeutic technique which focuses on the present behavior & development of patient’s ability to cope with the stress of reality & take a greater responsibility for the fulfillment of his needs. 4/24/2013 12Jayesh Patidar
  13. 13. Count…  To achieve these purposes the therapist becomes involved in an active relationship with patient, rejects his unrealistic behavior & teaches better ways to meet his need in the real world  The patient need to be stressed on that the past cannot be changed, so he must take responsibility of right or wrong actions of present. 4/24/2013 13Jayesh Patidar
  14. 14. 5. Uncovering or Insight Psychotherapy This technique is used to break through the patient’s repressed conflict & traumatic experience to the surface. It helps the patient in gaining an insight. The patient explores different methods to cope with problem, once he gain an insight into his conflict or problem. 4/24/2013 14Jayesh Patidar
  15. 15. 6. Supportive Psychotherapy  It is a form of “surface therapy”.  The therapist helps the patient to relieve emotional distress & symptoms without probing in to past or attempting to change or alter the basic personality of the individual.  The therapist reinforce the existing defenses used by the client & utilizes various techniques such as: 4/24/2013 15Jayesh Patidar
  16. 16. Count… a. Ventilation b. Environmental Modification or Manipulation c. Persuasion d. Reeducation e. Reassurance f. Abreaction g. Explanation h. Suggestion i. Reinforcement j. Recreation k. Work as therapy l. Relaxation 4/24/2013 Jayesh Patidar 16
  17. 17. Thank you 4/24/2013 17Jayesh Patidar