Individual psychotherapy
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Individual psychotherapy

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Individual psychotherapy Individual psychotherapy Presentation Transcript

  • MR. JAYESH PATIDAR www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com4/24/2013 1Jayesh Patidar
  •  It is conducted on a one to one basis i.e. the therapist treat on client at a time  By this therapist helps the patient to come to a greater understanding of himself & to find a way of dealing with his problem.  Indication: stress-related disorder, alcohol & drug dependence, sexual disorder & marital disharmony. 4/24/2013 2Jayesh Patidar
  • TYPES OF INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOTHERAPY 1. Psychoanalysis 2. Hypnosis 3. Abreaction 4. Reality therapy 5. Uncovering 6. Supportive therapy 4/24/2013 3Jayesh Patidar
  • 1. Psychoanalysis  Psychoanalytical therapy was developed by Freud.  It focus on unconscious forces such as repressed impulses & memories, internal conflicts & childhood trauma on mental life & adjustment of the individual.  The most important indication for psychoanalytical therapy is the presence of longstanding mental conflicts, which may be unconscious but produce symptoms. 4/24/2013 4Jayesh Patidar
  • Count…  The aim of therapy is to bring all repressed material to unconscious awareness so that the patient can work towards a healthy resolution of his problems, which are causing the symptoms.  Psychotherapy as a form of therapy is used primarily in psychoneuroses by bringing about basic modification in the personality. This is done by establishing a constructive therapeutic relationship. 4/24/2013 5Jayesh Patidar
  • Count… The specific methods used to achieve the effect of therapy are; free association, dream interpretation analysis of resistances & defenses used by the patient, working through the feelings & experiences revealed by the patient during transferring. Every interaction lasts for 45 minutes. 4- 5 days a week for approximately 3-5 years. 4/24/2013 6Jayesh Patidar
  • 2. Hypnosis • Hypnosis is a superficial or deep trance (a somnolent state/sleep like) resembling sleep. • It induced in a patient by suggestions of relaxation & concentrating attention on a single object. • The client becomes highly suggestible, submissive & abandons control & response to therapist influence. • He can be induced to recall forgotten events, becomes insensitive to pain, gain relief from tension, anxiety & other psychological symptoms. • It affects behavioral change & control of attitude 4/24/2013 7Jayesh Patidar
  • Count… Changes that occur during hypnosis: The person becomes highly suggestible to the commands of the therapist. There is an ability to produce or remove symptoms or perceptions. Dissociation of a part of the body or emotions. Amnesia for the events that occurred during the hypnotic state. 4/24/2013 8Jayesh Patidar
  • Count… This therapy is used in; obesity, hypertension, asthma, smoking, peptic ulcer, overeating, abreaction of past experiences, psychosomatic disorders, conversion & dissociative disorders, habit disorder & anxiety disorder or other addiction disorder. 4/24/2013 9Jayesh Patidar
  • 3. Abreaction Therapy  Abreaction is a process by which repressed material, particularly a painful experience or conflict is brought back to consciousness.  The person not only recalls but also relieves the material, which is accompanied by the appropriate emotional response.  It is most useful in acute neurotic conditions caused by extreme stress (PTSD, hysteria etc). 4/24/2013 10Jayesh Patidar
  • Count…Methods:  Abreaction can be brought about by strong encouragement to relieve the stressful events.  The procedure is begun with neutral topics at first, & gradually approaches area of conflict.  Abreaction can be done with or without the use of medication. 4/24/2013 11Jayesh Patidar
  • 4. Reality Therapy This is a psychotherapeutic technique which focuses on the present behavior & development of patient’s ability to cope with the stress of reality & take a greater responsibility for the fulfillment of his needs. 4/24/2013 12Jayesh Patidar
  • Count…  To achieve these purposes the therapist becomes involved in an active relationship with patient, rejects his unrealistic behavior & teaches better ways to meet his need in the real world  The patient need to be stressed on that the past cannot be changed, so he must take responsibility of right or wrong actions of present. 4/24/2013 13Jayesh Patidar
  • 5. Uncovering or Insight Psychotherapy This technique is used to break through the patient’s repressed conflict & traumatic experience to the surface. It helps the patient in gaining an insight. The patient explores different methods to cope with problem, once he gain an insight into his conflict or problem. 4/24/2013 14Jayesh Patidar
  • 6. Supportive Psychotherapy  It is a form of “surface therapy”.  The therapist helps the patient to relieve emotional distress & symptoms without probing in to past or attempting to change or alter the basic personality of the individual.  The therapist reinforce the existing defenses used by the client & utilizes various techniques such as: 4/24/2013 15Jayesh Patidar
  • Count… a. Ventilation b. Environmental Modification or Manipulation c. Persuasion d. Reeducation e. Reassurance f. Abreaction g. Explanation h. Suggestion i. Reinforcement j. Recreation k. Work as therapy l. Relaxation 4/24/2013 Jayesh Patidar 16
  • Thank you 4/24/2013 17Jayesh Patidar