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HOSPITALACQUIREDINFECTION( NOSOCOMIALINFECTIONS )www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
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HOSPITALACQUIREDINFECTION( NOSOCOMIALINFECTIONS )www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
DEFINITION• HOSPITAL -ACQUIRED INFECTIONS ALSOCALLED NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS (FROMNOSOCOMION, MEANING HOSPITAL ) AREDEFINED ...
DEFINITION• HOSPITAL -ACQUIRED INFECTIONS ALSOCALLED NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS (FROMNOSOCOMION, MEANING HOSPITAL ) AREDEFINED ...
•FACTORSINFLUENCINGINFECTIONwww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
• 1.AGE:Neonates & elderly persons ofextreme ages run a greater risk ofacquiring hospital infection because oftheir longer...
www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
• 3.DRUG RESISTANCE : the occuranceof drug resistant organism , especiallycoliforms & staphlococcus aureus thatsometimes s...
• SURGICAL PROCEDURES ; Thenatural defense mechanisms of thebody surface may be bypassed byinjury or by a diagnostic or th...
www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
SOURCES• ENDOGENOUS• EXOGENOUSwww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
ENDOGENOUS• MANY OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONSARE CASAUSED BY THE PATIENT`SOWN FLORA WHICH ARE NOTPATHOGENIC UNDER NORMALCONDIT...
EXOGENOUS• HOSPITAL INFECTION IS MOSTLYEXOGENOUS FROM OTHER PEOPLEOR IMMEDIATE OBJECTS IN THEENVIORNMENT.• 1. CONTACT WITH...
• ENVIORNMENTAL SOURCES :• These includes inaminate objects, air, water & food in the hospital.• (a)Inaminate objects :equ...
www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
• Surfaces :• Surfaces contaminated bypatients secretions , excretions, blood & body fluids , animals &insects are also so...
www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
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Hospital acquired infection

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  • Hospital infection may at the very least be reduced through proper medical waste segregation and disposal. It pays to do prevention measures. You can get more info here: http://www.medicalwasteact.com/
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Transcript of "Hospital acquired infection"

  1. 1. HOSPITALACQUIREDINFECTION( NOSOCOMIALINFECTIONS )www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.com
  2. 2. www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  3. 3. www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  4. 4. www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  5. 5. www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  6. 6. HOSPITALACQUIREDINFECTION( NOSOCOMIALINFECTIONS )www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  7. 7. DEFINITION• HOSPITAL -ACQUIRED INFECTIONS ALSOCALLED NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS (FROMNOSOCOMION, MEANING HOSPITAL ) AREDEFINED AS INFECTIONS DEVELOPING INPATIENTS AFTER ADMISSIONS TO THEHOSPITAL WHICH WERE NIETHERPRESENT NOR IN INCUBATION AT THETIME OF HOSPITALISATION.• SUCH INFECTIONS MAY MANIFESTDURING THEIR STAY IN THE HOSPITALOR ,SOMETIMES AFTER THE PATIENT ISDISCHARGED.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  8. 8. DEFINITION• HOSPITAL -ACQUIRED INFECTIONS ALSOCALLED NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS (FROMNOSOCOMION, MEANING HOSPITAL ) AREDEFINED AS INFECTIONS DEVELOPING INPATIENTS AFTER ADMISSIONS TO THEHOSPITAL WHICH WERE NIETHER PRESENTNOR IN INCUBATION AT THE TIME OFHOSPITALISATION.• SUCH INFECTIONS MAY MANIFEST DURING THEIRSTAY IN THE HOSPITAL OR ,SOMETIMES AFTERTHE PATIENT IS DISCHARGED.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  9. 9. •FACTORSINFLUENCINGINFECTIONwww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  10. 10. • 1.AGE:Neonates & elderly persons ofextreme ages run a greater risk ofacquiring hospital infection because oftheir longer stay in hospitals & inefficientimmunity.• 2. INFECTED PATIENTS : Community -acquired or non-hospital infection withwhich the patient enters the hospital isdue to pathogenic organisms.There riskof spread of infection from thesepatients to their close contacts (susceptible patients & attending staff )www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  11. 11. www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
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  15. 15. • 3.DRUG RESISTANCE : the occuranceof drug resistant organism , especiallycoliforms & staphlococcus aureus thatsometimes show increased virulence ortransmissibility is usually hospitalacquired.• 4. SUSCEPTIBLE PATIENTS:Hospitalised patients with pre-existingdiseases , such as diabetes, immunosuppression , patients inspecialcare units or with prosthetic implantsare `at risk` groups & more susceptibleto hospital infections.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  16. 16. • SURGICAL PROCEDURES ; Thenatural defense mechanisms of thebody surface may be bypassed byinjury or by a diagnostic or therapeuticintervention such as insertion of auretral or intravenous catheters . Theseare iatrogenic infections.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  17. 17. www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  18. 18. www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  19. 19. SOURCES• ENDOGENOUS• EXOGENOUSwww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  20. 20. ENDOGENOUS• MANY OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONSARE CASAUSED BY THE PATIENT`SOWN FLORA WHICH ARE NOTPATHOGENIC UNDER NORMALCONDITIONS , BUT ONLY THENTHERE IS UNDERLYINGDISEASE.THIS IS CALLED ASAUTOINFECTION.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  21. 21. EXOGENOUS• HOSPITAL INFECTION IS MOSTLYEXOGENOUS FROM OTHER PEOPLEOR IMMEDIATE OBJECTS IN THEENVIORNMENT.• 1. CONTACT WITH OTHER PATIENTS& STAFF : People are by the most imp.Sources & reservoirs of infection includingpatients & hospital personnel suffering frominfection , or asymptomatic carriers.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  22. 22. • ENVIORNMENTAL SOURCES :• These includes inaminate objects, air, water & food in the hospital.• (a)Inaminate objects :equipments, materials ,lights ,table,blankets ,medicalequipments, floors, food & water e.g.coliforms-common.• (b) : Urban population & hospital over-crowding is responsible for anincrease in the bacterial count in thehospital air .www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  23. 23. www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  24. 24. • Surfaces :• Surfaces contaminated bypatients secretions , excretions, blood & body fluids , animals &insects are also sources ofhospital infection.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  25. 25. www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
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