Health care agencies and their roles


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Health care agencies and their roles

  1. 1. www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.comHEALTH CAREAGENCIES&THEIR ROLES
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  3. 3. Objectives of WHOMain Objective:“the attainment by all peoples of thehighest level of health”which is set out inthe preamble of the
  4. 4. Objectives in the Preamble ofWHO: Complete state of physical,mental and socialwell being No discrimination in path of attainment ofhighest standard of health. Good Health is for attainment of peace andsecurity. Good health is valued to all Equal development in promotion and control ofdisease in all the countries Extension to all people of the benefits ofmedical, psychological and related knowledge. Informed opinion and active
  5. 5. Membership in WHO Open to all countries. Most of the members of both the UN and theWHO. Territories which are not responsible for theconduct of their relations may be admitted asAssociate members.Associate membersparticipate without vote in deliberations of theWHO. Each member contributes yearly to the budgetand each is entitled to the services and aid theorganization can
  6. 6. WORK OF WHOPrevention andcontrol ofspecificdiseasesDevelopment ofComprehensiveservicesFamily healthBio-MedicalResearchHealth StatisticsEnvironmentalHealthHealth literatureand informationCo-operationwith
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  8. 8. The World Healh Assembly Supreme governing body and the health parliamentOf nations.• Annual meeting-May,Venue-Geneva• It is composed of Delegates from different respectivecountries and each is given the power of one
  9. 9. Functions International health policy and programmes Review the work of the past year. Approve the budget of the following year. Approve the budget needed for thefollowing year. Elect Member states to designate a personto serve for three years on the executiveboard and to replace the retiring
  10. 10. The Executive Board It has18 members which had beenincremented to 31 members by the healthassembly. Members to be technically qualified in thefield of health Designated by their respectivegovernments, but do not represent theirrespective governments. One third of the membership is renewedevery year is renewed every
  11. 11. The Executive Board Executive board meets every year in themonth of January and May after themeeting of the World Health Assembly. The main work of the board is to giveaffect to the decisions and policies of theassembly Emeregent and immediate action inepidemics,
  12. 12. The Secretriat Headed by the Director General Function:To provide member states with technicaland managerial support for their nationaldevelopment programmes. There are 5 Assistant Director Generalswho are assigned different tasks by theDirector
  13. 13. Divisions of Director Secretriat Division of epidemiological surveillanceand health situation and trendadjustment. Division of communicable diseases. Division of vector biology and control Division of environmental health Division of public information andeducation for health division of publicinformation for
  14. 14. Divisions of Director Secretriat Division of mental health Division of diagnostic,therapeutic andrehabilitative technology. Division of strenghthening of healthservices. Division of family health Division of non-communicable
  15. 15. Divisions of Director Secretriat Division of health-manpowerdevelopment Division of information systems support Division of personnel and generalservices Division of budget and
  16. 16. WHOREGIONALCENTRESSOUTH-EAST ASIA-New Delhi(India)Africa-Harare(Zimbabwe)Americas-WashingtonD.C(U.S.A)Europe-Copenhagen(Denmar)Western PacificManila(Philippines)
  17. 17. Regional offices The regional offices each are headed by aregional Director, assisted by technical andadministrative officers, and members of thesecretariat. There is a regional composed ofrepresentative of member states in theregion Regional committees meet once in a year. Regional plans are amalgamated intooverall plans by the Director General of
  18. 18. The South-East AsiaRegion(SEARO)-WHO Bangladesh Bhutan India Indonesia Korea(Democratic people’s Republiv) Maldives Islands Myanmar Nepal Sri Lanka
  19. 19. WHO activities of SEARO Malaria eradication Tuberculosis control Control of other communicable diseases Health laboratory services and othercommunicable diseases Health statistics Maternal and child
  20. 20. WHO activities in SEARO Nursing Health education Nutrition Mental health Dental health Medical rehabilitation Quality control of drugs and
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  22. 22. UNICEFSpecialised agency of the UnitedNations.Established in 1946 to rehabilitatechildren in war ravaged countriesHeadquarters-New YorkWorks in collaboration withFAO,UNDP,WHO and UNESCOProvides asisstance in varied fieldsof MCH and
  23. 23. The Executive Board-UNICEF It is the Governing Body of the UNICEF Intergovernmental support Supervision activities of UNICEF Board meets 3 times a year i.e inJanuary,June and
  24. 24. Role of the Executive Board Implementation of the Policies Receive information and guidance fromExecutive Director Ensure all the activities and operationalstrategies of UNICEF are consistent Monitor the performance of UNICEF Approve programmes Decide on administrative and financialplans and
  25. 25. Role of the Executive Board Recommend new initiatives to theCouncil Encourage and examine newprogramme initiatives Submit annual reports to the Council inits substantive
  26. 26. MEMBERSHIPThe Board has 36 members, elected for athree-year term with the followingregional allocation of seats: 8 African States 7 Asian States 4 Eastern European States 5 Latin American and Caribbean States 12 Western European Other States (including Japan)
  27. 27. BOARD ADMINISTRATION The officers of the Board are elected by the Board atits first regular session of each calendar year fromamong Board members. There are five officers—the President,four Vice-Presidents—representing the five regional groups atthe United Nations. Officers of the Board are electedfor a one-year term. The Board year runs from 1 January to 31December. The Economic and Social Council elects States to siton the UNICEF Executive Board from StatesMembers of the United Nations or of the specializedagencies or of the International Atomic
  28. 28. BOARD ADMINISTRATION Board sessions are held at United NationsHeadquarters in New York. All formal meetings of the Board areinterpreted in the six official languages ofthe United Nations (Arabic, Chinese,English, French, Spanish and Russian). The Office of the Secretary of theExecutive Board (OSEB) is responsible formaintaining effective relationship betweenthe Board and the UNICEF
  29. 29. FUNDINGFunding is derived voluntarily fromgovernmental and
  30. 30. Services provided by UNICEF Child health Child nutrition Family health and child welfare Education(Formal and non-formal)
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  32. 32. UNDP Established in the year 1966 To help poorer nations develop theirhuman and natural resources more fully. The UNDP projects cover virtually everyeconomic and social sector-agriculture,industry,education andscience,health,social
  33. 33. UNDP’S activities:UNDPs network links and coordinates globaland national efforts to reach these Goals.Their focus is helping countries build andshare solutions to the challenges of: Democratic Governance Poverty Reduction Crisis Prevention and Recovery Environment and Energy HIV/
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  35. 35. FAO The food and agricultureorganization(FAO) was formed in theyear 1945 with headquarters in Rome It was United Nations organizationspecialized agency created to look afterseveral areas of world
  36. 36. AIMS OF FAOThe chief aims of FAO are as follows;1)to help nations raise living standards.2)to improve the nutritional status of people ofall countries.3)to increase the efficiency of farming, forestryand fisheries.4)to better the condition of rural people andbetter the opportunity of productive
  37. 37. Activities of FAO1)Putting information within reach2)Sharing policy expertise3)Providing a meeting place4)Bringing knowledge to the
  38. 38. ILOThe Internationaal labor Organisation wasestablished in the year 1919.The purposes of ILO are as follows:1) To contribute to the establishment oflasting peace by promoting social justice.2) To improve through international action,labor conditions, and living standards.3) To improve economic and social
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  40. 40. ILO The international labour code is acollection of international minimumstandards related to health,welfare,livingand working conditions of workers allover the world. Headquarters at Geneva,
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  42. 42. USAIDUSAIDThe US government extends aid to Indiathrough three agencies:1)United agency for Internationaldevelopment2)the public law 480 programme3)the US import
  43. 43. ACTIVITIES OF USAID The US government is assisting in a numberof projects designed to improve the health ofIndian people.1)Malaria eradication2)Medical education3)Nursing education4)Health education5)Water supply and sanitation6)Control of communicable diseases7)Nutrition8)Family
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  45. 45. ROCKFELLER FOUNDATIONRockfeller foundation is a philanthropicorganization chartered in 1913 andendowed by Mr.John .D
  46. 46. Activities Training of competent teachers and researchworkers Training abroad of candidates from India throughfellowships and travel grants. Sponsoring of visits of a large number of medicalspecialists from the USA. Providing grants in aid to selected institutions. Development of medical libraries,population studies,assistance to research projects and institutions,(eg.National institute of virology at Pune). Directing support to the improvement of agriculture,family planning and rural training centres as well asto medical
  47. 47. The Ford FoundationThe Ford foundation has been active in thedevelopment of ruralhealth services and family planning.The ford foundation has helped in thefollowing projects:1)Orientation training centres atSingoor,Poonamallaietc2)Research cum action projects.3)Pilot project in ruralhealthservices,Gandhigram(tamilnadu)
  48. 48. Activities4)Establishment of NIHAE5)Calcutta water supply and drainageScheme6)Ford foundation Supports Familyplanning for research in
  49. 49. International Red Cross The red cross is a non-political and non-official international humanitarianorganization The first Geneva convention took placein 1864 and a treaty was signed for therelief of the wounded and sick of thearmies in the field.Thus came into beingthe International committee of redcross(ICRC)
  50. 50. RolesRole of Red cross: 1)It was largely confined to the victims ofthe war.2)mainly it tries to involve itself intoactivities like first aid in case of war likesituations,mch services3)lately it has tried to extend it’s researchin Disaster management and hasdesigned emergency
  51. 51. CARE The abbreviation when extended is “Co-operative for assistance and reliefeverywhere” last founded in North Americain the wake of the second world war in theyear 1945. It is on of the world’s largestindependent,non-profit,non-sectarianinternational relief and developmentorganistaion.CARE provides enmergencyaid and long term development assistance. Operation in India in
  52. 52. Activities CARE-India focused it’s food support in the ICDSprogramme and in developments of programmes in areasof health and income supplementation. It is helping in the following projects:Integrated nutritionand health projects, better health and nutrition projects,anemia control project,improving women’s healthprojects,improved health care for adoloscent’s girlsprojects, child survival projects, Improving women’sreproductive health and family spacing project,Konkanintegrated development project. CARE-India works in partnership with the government ofindia, state Government, NGO’s etc.Currently it hasprojects in Andhrapradesh,Bihar,MP,Maharashtra,Orissaand UP and
  53. 53. Indian Red Cross SocietyIndian Red Cross SocietyIndian Red cross society was Constitutedunder an Act of Indian Legislative councilin
  54. 54. Organisation The National Headquarters of theSociety is located at 1 Red Cross Road,New Delhi. Recognised by the InternationalCommittee of the Red Cross (ICRC) on28th February 1929, it was affiliated withthe International Federation of the RedCross & Red Crescent
  55. 55. Structure National level-the management of affairs ofthe Society rests with the Managing Bodycomprising of members elected by the BranchCommittee, and members, including aChairman, nominated by the President of theSociety. The Managing Body elects a Vice Chairmanfrom among themselves and appoints with theapproval of the President of the Society aTreasurer and a Secretary General. The Secretary General is the Chief
  56. 56. Activities Relief work during floods, famine,earthquake, epidemic etc. Training health visitors, nurses, dais andpublic health education Cooperation with the St. JohnAmbulance Association in the training ofmen and women in First Aid, HomeNursing etc. Running a Home at Bangalore fordisabled
  57. 57. Activities Welfare services in military hospitals Medical after-care of ex-servicepersonnel Maternity & Child Welfare Junior Red Cross Voluntary Blood
  58. 58. Current TrendsThe Millenium Development Goals 2008:The eight Millennium Development Goalshave been adopted by the internationalcommunity as a framework for thedevelopment activities of over 190 countriesin ten regions which was implemented by theUnited
  59. 59. The 8 MDG’sGoal 1: Eradicate poverty and HungerTarget: Halve,between 1990 and2015,theproportion of whose income is less than1$ per
  60. 60. The MDG’sGoal 2:Achieve universal primaryeducation.Target: Ensure that, by 2015, childreneverywhere, boysand girls alike, will beable to complete a full course of
  61. 61. The MDG’sGoal 3:Promote gender equality andEmpower womenTarget:Eliminate gender disparity inprimary and secondary education,preferably by 2005, and in all levels ofeducation no later than
  62. 62. The MDG’sGoal 4: Reduce child mortalityTarget: Reduce by 2/3rds between 1990 and2015, the under five mortality
  63. 63. The MDG’sGoal 5:Improve maternal healthTarget: Reduce by three quarters 1990and 2015, the maternal mortality
  64. 64. The MDG’sGoal 6:Combat HIV,Malaria and otherdiseases.Target: Have halted by 2015 and begun toreverse the spread of HIV/
  65. 65. The MDG’sGoal 6:Combat HIV,Malaria and otherdiseases.Target: Have halted by 2015 and begun toreverse the spread of HIV/
  66. 66. The MDG’sGoal 7: Ensure environmental stabilityTarget: Integrate the principles ofsustainable development into countrypolicies and programmes and reverse theloss of environmental
  67. 67. The MDG’sGoal 8: Develop a global partnership fordevelopmentTarget: Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable,non-discriminatorytrading and financial
  68. 68. Bibliography Park.K. Textbook of preventive and socialmedicine..19th ed. Jabalpur:BanarasidasBhanot Publishers;2007. p.762-68. www.who.orgWHO The role of WHO inpublic health.htm www.UNAIDAbout UNAIDS.htm www.RockfellerThe RockefellerFoundation - About Us.htm www.UNICEFUNICEF - UNICEFExecutive Board - About the
  69. 69. THANK
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