Transcript of "Concpets of normal and abnormal behavior"
CONCPETS OFNORMAL AND ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR MR. JAYESH PATIDAR M.Sc. NURSING
CONCEPT…• Psychiatry as evident from the above is concerned with abnormal behavior in its broadest sense, but defining the concepts of normal & abnormal behavior as such has been found to be difficult.• These concepts are much under the influence of socio-cultural factors.• Several models have been put forward in order to explain the concept of normal & abnormal behavior 2
Medical Model…• Medical model considers organic pathology as the definite cause for mental disorder.• According to this model abnormal people are the ones who have disturbances in thought, perception & psychomotor activities.• These normal are the ones who are free from these disturbances. 3
Statistical Model…• It involves the analysis of responses ona test or questionnaire or observations of some particular behavior variables.• The degree of deviation from the standard norms arrived at statistically, characterizes the degree of abnormality.• Statistically normal mental health falls within two standard deviations (SDs) of the normal distractions curve. 4
Socio-cultural Model…• The beliefs, norms, taboos & values of a society have to be accepted & adopted by individuals.• Breaking any of these would be considered as abnormal.• Normalcy is defined in context with social norms prescribed by the culture.• Thus cultural background has taken into account when distinguishing between normal & abnormal behavior. 5
Behavioral Model…• Behavior that is adaptive, is normal, maladaptive is abnormal.• Abnormal behavior is a set of faulty behavios acquired through learning. 6