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Community health nurse in disaster management
Community health nurse in disaster management
Community health nurse in disaster management
Community health nurse in disaster management
Community health nurse in disaster management
Community health nurse in disaster management
Community health nurse in disaster management
Community health nurse in disaster management
Community health nurse in disaster management
Community health nurse in disaster management
Community health nurse in disaster management
Community health nurse in disaster management
Community health nurse in disaster management
Community health nurse in disaster management
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Community health nurse in disaster management

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  • 1. COMMUNITY HEALTHNURSING IN DISATERMANAGEMENTwww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.comwww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  • 2. COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSE INDISASTER MANAGEMENTDisaster is an occurrence that causesdamage, economicdisruption, loss of human life and disorientationof health andhealth services on a scale sufficient to warrant anextraordinaryresponse from outside the affected communityor area.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  • 3. Types of Disasters There are two types of disasters: Natural disaster Man-made disaster Bonnet (1990) classifies disasters based on anumeric categorization which includes:1) Minor disaster2) Moderate disaster3) Major disasterwww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  • 4.  Primary Prevention: Secondary Prevention: Tertiary Prevention:www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  • 5. Objectives of Disaster Nursing To effectively reduce the impactof disaster on human life andhealth, To participate in the coordinatedefforts of all groups to reduce lossof life, property damage, socialand economic disruption, and To initiate rehabilitationwww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  • 6. Stages of Disaster Management a) Personal preparedness:b) Professional preparedness: c) Community preparedness:www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  • 7. Role of Community Health Nurse The role of Community Health Nurse in disastermanagement varies according to the differentstages. Disaster preparedness: Facilitate preparation within the community andplace of employment, Initiate and update disaster plan, ¨ Provide disastereducational programmes specific to the area, Organize disaster drills (Mass drills),www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  • 8.  Provide an updated record of vulnerablepopulation within the community. Educate the vulnerable populationabout what impact the disaster mighthave on them, Review individualized strategies like,availability of specific resources in theevent of emergency, As a community advocate, thecommunity health nurse should alwaysseek to keep a safe environment,www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  • 9.  The Community Health Nurse hasan obligation to assess and reportenvironmental health hazards, and The Community Health Nurseshould have an understanding ofwhat community resources will beavailable after a disaster strike, andmost important, how thecommunity will work togetherwww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  • 10. Disaster recovery Community Health Nurses must remainvigilant in teaching proper hygiene and makingsure immunization records are up to date. Referrals to mental health professionals shouldcontinue as long as the need exists The Community Health Nurse must remainalert for environmental hazards during therecovery phase of the disasterwww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  • 11.  The nurse must be attentive to thedangers of live or dead animals androdents that might be consideredharmful to a persons health. Case finding and referral remainscritical during the recovery phase andin some cases will continue for a longtime.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  • 12. Psycho-social intervention inthe aftermath of disaster :Community level interventionsKeep the people in their naturalgroups if they must be relocated; Providesocial activity for new community; and Groupmeetings in which participants brainstormabout various themes for rebuilding helpssurvivors to recognize the loss, to identityand discuss local problems, and to worktogether towards and achievable specific goalwww.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  • 13.  Family level interventions:Encourage families to talk togetherabout their experiences, losses andfeelings; encourage families to resumenormal activities to the extent possible;and help families handle conflictappropriately so as to minimize negativeencounters caused by the strain, fatigue,and irritability that often follow trauma.www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in
  • 14. www.drjayeshpatidar.blogspot.in

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