It is an inherent capacity, present in every creature, that initiates, maintain and regulate the intended functions of the body. This capacity also establish internal environment of the human being that is most suitable and conducive for the working of different components of that body and also establishes functional coordination in between different component and lastly oppose and bring back any change in this most suitable harmony between body and environment. Thus it is the sole initiator, coordinator and planner of intended bodily functions and same in health.
Unani medicine first time recognize the cause of diseases and postulated that nothing can happen spontaneously and sprit, evil, divine will cannot have all disease control. There must be something that must precede the ensuing condition – disease or health. Causes are classified as endogenous and exogenous. Moreover, direct or indirect or mediated effects of cause are accepted.
In the body every organ either served by others or provide service to others. No organ is independent and whole body work as a single unit – holistic concept. To maintain this harmonious state organs are in contact of each other and they talk with. For this some fluid are prepares and then distributed through the body – Akhlat. These serve nutritive as well as communicative function.
For the accomplishment of mizaji functions. Tabiat provided with certain capacities, these are concern with specific organ meant to carry specific function. Organs are classified as donor and recipient on the basis of capacities. Vital organs are those organs that donate essential and life integral services to other organs like heart, liver, brain, and testes. Nutritive capacity concern with nutrition.
Any deviation From normal function or disharmony between Mizaji demand and accomplishment of Tabiat or any weakness or exaggeration of any capacity, ceasement of capacity, disharmony between Mizaj and structure, disharmony between Mizaji obligation and accomplishing capacity, by disproportion of Mizaji component or qualities. Abnormal response to external and internal stimuli.
Precisely disease is any disparity between Mizaji obligation and Tabiyat and related capacities as well as structure.
Duty of physician is just to help the Tabiyat to overcome the disease. Because first planner of the body is Tabiyat and it itself tries its best to restore the lost equilibrium and harmony inside the body. This can be accomplished by instinct and by elimination ad adoption of such measures that are synchronous to the action of tabiyat or minimize the existing abnormal state. Incase of Mizaji abnormality, most frequently occurring, antipathy principle is adopted.
In unani system of medicine disease are basically classified into two categories:
Without morbid matter
With morbid matter
In disease with morbid matter, certain morbid matter, mainly liquid and rarely viscous, are produced due to alter capacities following mizaji alteration. Then these morbid matter cause disturbances and suffering associated with disease.
In disease with morbid matter, this morbid may be inside the vessels, inside the cavity, adherent to surface, in interstitial space, in potential cavities and pentap.
The advocated principle of treatment in such conditions is elimination of disease causing morbid matter from the body, through easiest and nearest channel towards which Tabiyat is trying to dispose the matter already.
These two are the best methods of Tabiyat to restore Mizaji equilibrium and to maintain Mizaji equilibrium. In retention, the things that are lost and are beneficial for the body are retained, processed and incorporated into the body. Where as in the elimination harmful things and things of no use are disposed off from the body through defined channels.
2. E&R Can be obtained through movement and repose and inhalation and ingestion as dissolution remains continue throughout life and nothing is perfect to be incorporated as a whole, thus retention and elimination are integral to life and health. That is why they are in six essential factor.
Sometimes because of remoteness, weakness and unavailability of natural channels it is not possible for Tabiyat to eliminate the morbid matter through normal channel but Tabiyat through matter towards surface of organ or body.
Cupping is method of evacuation or diversion of morbid matter situated below the skin near surface or are penetrating in any organ near skin. But their quantity is not huge and distribution is limited to specific site and matter is not too viscous.
When we want blood letting by cupping then deep longitudinal wounds are made with sterilize scalped at the clean site, below the cup end. Then cup is applied and vacuum is created and cup islet till desired amount (up to 15 ml) accumulated in cup. Depending the amount of morbid matter, to be evacuated, cup may be applied up to 20 times.