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Health Disparities and Racial-Ethnic Minority Youth
Health Disparities and Racial-Ethnic Minority Youth
Health Disparities and Racial-Ethnic Minority Youth
Health Disparities and Racial-Ethnic Minority Youth
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Health Disparities and Racial-Ethnic Minority Youth

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Health Disparities and Racial-Ethnic Minority Youth

Health Disparities and Racial-Ethnic Minority Youth

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  • 1. Imhotep Virtual Medical School Marc Imhotep Cray, M.D. Health Disparities and Racial/Ethnic Minority YouthFrom IVMS Minority Health Education BlogDATA SOURCE: http://www.cdc.gov/Features/HealthDisparities/ LESSON ICEBREAKER VIDEO RBG Socioeconomic Status, Race and Health-Online Narrative Version Uploaded by Marc-Imhotep-Cray on WiZiQ TutorialsHealth disparities are preventable differences in the burden of disease,injury, violence, or opportunities to achieve optimal health that are experienced by socially disadvantaged populations. Disparities often begin early in life, starting during childhood or adolescence. Young people from racial and ethnic minority groups in the United States suffer disproportionately from anumber of preventable diseases and health problems.For example:  Compared with white youth, black and Hispanic youth have higher prevalence of asthma, overweight, and type 2 diabetes.  Rates of HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted diseases, and teen pregnancy are higher among black and Hispanic youth than among whites of the same age. Health Disparities and Racial/Ethnic Minority YouthPage 1
  • 2. Imhotep Virtual Medical School Marc Imhotep Cray, M.D.  In 2007, black youth accounted for approximately 68% of new HIV/AIDS cases among 13–19 year olds, even though they represented only 15% of the population in that age group.  Hispanic youth experience proportionately more anxiety-related behaviors and depression than do non-Hispanic white youth.  Among youth aged 10–19 years, American Indians have the highest prevalence of type 2 diabetes of any racial/ethnic group.  Suicide rates among American Indians/Alaska Natives aged 15–34 years are more than two times higher than the national average for that age group.Contributors to Health DisparitiesThe causes of these differences in health — known as "health disparities"— are many. Poverty, unequal access to health care, poor environmentalconditions, educational inequalities, individual behaviors, and languagebarriers are all important contributors.Health disparities are preventable differences in the burden of disease, injury,violence, or opportunities to achieve optimal health experienced by sociallydisadvantaged populations.These disparities are inequitable and directly related to the historical and currentunequal distribution of social, political, economic, and environmental resources.In addition to race and ethnicity, health disparities also exist on the basis of sex,age, income level, geography, sexual orientation, disability, and special healthcare needs.To address health disparities, early intervention is key. Most of the leadingcauses of illness and premature death among minority youth and adultsstem from unhealthy behaviors that become established during childhoodand adolescence—such as poor diet, lack of physical activity, risky sexualbehaviors, and use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs. Health Disparities and Racial/Ethnic Minority YouthPage 2
  • 3. Imhotep Virtual Medical School Marc Imhotep Cray, M.D.Findings from a National Survey of YouthTo learn more about the health-related behaviors of our nations youngpeople — their eating and exercise habits, their drinking and drug use,their sexual activities, and more — CDC conducts the national Youth RiskBehavior Survey. This survey is given every two years to 9th–12th gradestudents in public and private schools across the United States.Demographic data are also collected through this survey to helpresearchers analyze trends by age, sex, and race/ethnicity.The findings from this national youth survey have contributed greatly toour understanding of racial/ethnic disparities in health. CDC has preparedtwo reports that summarize the survey data and identify importantdifferences in health-related behaviors among black, Hispanic, and whiteyouth in the United States:  Health Risks and Disparities Experienced by Black Youth  Health Risks and Disparities Experienced by Hispanic Youth The reports give demographic profiles for blacks and Hispanics in the U.S. and outline important health and behavioral differences among adolescents in the following areas: 1) injury, violence, and suicide attempts; 2) sexual risk behaviors, such as condom use, number of partners, and age of first sexual intercourse; 3) alcohol and other drug use; 4) obesity and unhealthy dietarybehaviors; 5) physical activity; and 6) tobacco use. Health Disparities and Racial/Ethnic Minority YouthPage 3
  • 4. Imhotep Virtual Medical School Marc Imhotep Cray, M.D.CDCs Division of Adolescent Health also suggest actions that publichealth and education professionals can take to address disparities amongstudents, including  Focusing programmatic efforts to address the needs of youth in high risk groups.  Raising awareness about the causes of disparities and about evidence-based strategies for addressing them.  Building partnerships to address the root causes of health and educational disparities.  Documenting the impact of health disparities, as well as the impact of efforts to reduce them.More Information   Healthy Youth: Health Disparities  "Addressing Disparities" brochure (CDCs Division of Adolescent and School Health) ( 1.37MB, 4 pages) Tab Order Issue  Health Risk Behaviors By Race/Ethnicity—National YRBS: 2007 ( 1MB, 4 pages)  HIV-Related Risk Behaviors Among African American Youth ( 259KB, 5 pages)If you are in High School and considering a Career in Medicine then check outImhotep Virtual Medical School Health Disparities and Racial/Ethnic Minority YouthPage 4

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