Ahead of the Curve: Digital Curator Vocational Education Europe Susan Schreibman Trinity Long Room Hub Associate Professor in Digital HumanitiesThis project has been funded with support from the European Commission
Digital agenda for Europe “In ancient times, the library of Alexandria was said to contain up to 70% of all human knowledge. The challenge for the digital age is to do even better than that – and make the result last longer.” • Digital Humanities creates ‘unbelievable opportunities’ for access • Public sector responsibility for digitisation of cultural heritage • Calls for large investment from national governments and the European Commission • Digital preservation is seen as a key issue – now needs to be put in practicehttp://ec.europa.eu/information_society/activities/digital_libraries/doc/refgroup/final_report_cds.pdf
Context in Europe There are 47 National libraries, 20,500 Public libraries, 10,000 University libraries, 29,000 Special libraries + School libraries 17,600 Museums 25 National archives plus Audiovisual archives Digital Humanities projects have been creating and developing large volumes of digital material Digital preservation and curation are live issues for DHNUMERIC report, 2009 http://www.cipfastats.net/default_view.asp?content_ref=9743
Professional Development: is a lifetime requirement “Digital curation and preservation are rapidly evolving fields. To perform effectively, personnel working in these fields need to update their knowledge and skills on a continuous basis.”http://www.digitalpreservationeurope.eu/publications/professional_development.pdf
Training and Education Professional training for the care of traditional collections is well established Training in long term management of digital assets has been identified as a major issue for employers and staff Digital humanities research – impact? Professional development is a lifetime requirement Zach Klein CC BY-NC 2.0DPC training needs report, 2004 http://www.jisc.ac.uk/uploaded_documents/finalReport.pdf
The DigCurV NetworkDigCurV is a Multilateral Europenetwork funded under the Fondazione Rinascimento Digitale Georg-August-Universität GöttingenEC’s Leonardo da Vinci Stiftung Öffentlichen Recht,programme Goettingen State and University LibraryAims to support and extend Humanities Advanced Technologyvocational training for Institute , University of Glasgow MDR Partners (Consulting) Ltddigital curators in libraries, Trinity College Dublinarchives and museums Vilniaus Universiteto Biblioteka Third countriesStarted on 1st January 2011 Faculty of Information at the University of Toronto (uToronto)30 months Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) Associates Digital Preservation Coalition Nestor
Main activitiesIdentify and analyse existing training opportunities andmethodologiesSurvey training needsIdentify key skills and competencesEstablish an initial curriculum and a frameworkDisseminating the resultsPromoting the results for use within and betweencountries– Impact on staff mobility– Impact on educators
Draft Curriculum frameworkindicate core digital curation skills and competences, andpathways of skills progressionWill NOT specify a particular training curriculumPortfolio three lenses: Practitioner, Manager andExecutiveEach lens aims to answer the question, When buildingdigital curation training for this level of staff in a culturalheritage institution, what should be included?‘
Evaluation FrameworkReferenced models from: DigCCurr Matrix , Digital Preservation Outreachand Education initiative’s training audiences pyramid, RIN’s ResearcherDevelopment Framework & DCC lifecycledifferent ways to view and evaluate digital curation curriculum or piece oftraining. – assess what training is already available, clarify which potential approaches, audiences and skills may need to be addressed. – For assessing training, Evaluation Framework provides a structure to which training offerings can be mapped. – clarify where provision is ample and which approaches, audiences or skills are scarcely served in existing training. – Mapping can also provide a benchmark to allow comparison of different training offerings against each other.
• Project planning concepts and techniques • Digital cura on & • Understanding: preserva on • Selec on/appraisal criteria - crea on, management and monitoring of project terminology • Informa on- and records plans • Subject-specific management - common project management ac vi es and defini ons • Benefits and long-term value innova ve prac ces • Technology • Ins tu onal policies - data management requirements defini ons and skills • Producing relevant informa on for decision-making • Digital cura on & • Long-term evalua on of • Dealing with data cura on challenges through preserva on Selec on / technologies for digital proper planning techniques Appraisal cura on • User studies Project Subject • Usability evalua on • Risk Management theory and standards Management Knowledge Evalua on • Data structures and types • Risk Management Studies • File types and systems prac ce and techniques • Databases in digital repositories Project Knowledge & • Metadata Standards • Assessment, analysis, Risk Management Intellectual • Informa on seeking monitoring and Management Informa on communica on of risks Abili es Literacy • Informa on access and sharing Prac oner Lens• Understanding: • Understanding: Ethics, Integrity - malprac ce (fraud, - social and ethical Professional Personal responsibility in digital Principles & plagiarism) cura on Sustainability Conduct Quali es - responsibility, - principles of ethical accountability and good conduct Communica on prac ce in digital - need to manage, IPR & Skills cura on Legal Responsiveness share and curate Copyright items ethically Requirements to change • Understanding: • Understanding: • Legisla on on data protec on, • Maintaining con nuous awareness - cross-disciplinary - informa on and data freedom of informa on, moral rights with new and emerging communica on ownership principles and cer fica on of repositories developments - dissemina on ac vi es - copyright and IPR • Domain policies and standards for • Transla ng current digital cura on - communica on protocols policies and legisla on management and preserva on of knowledge into new services and • Ability ar culate extent of for digital materials digital records tools knowledge and explain • Valida on techniques • Understanding of legal framework in • Assessing, extending and genera ng relevance and importance of against copyright which digital repositories operate digital cura on models for Cultural digital cura on to peers, infringement • Applica on of concomitant ac ons Heritage domain other staff and wider public
How to use the Curriculum Framework for Digital CurationBackground Using the frameworkDigCurV has undertaken multi- The framework provides three lenses - one each for practitioners, managers and executives. Eachnational research to understand the lens can be used in the following ways:skills currently used by thoseworking in digital curation in the To build or develop trainingcultural heritage sector, as well as The framework aims to be useful to those building new training courses. Depending on the user’sthe skills sought by employers in this aims, the framework can assist in providing a structure for a generic training programme for the rolesector. of digital curator, or it can suggest which subjects should be covered in shorter, more specialised courses addressing one particular area of professional digital curation practice. The framework mayAudiences for training also supply a common language to allow those building and developing training to meaningfullyPractitioners need to be able to describe the value of their training offerings.perform a wide variety of technicaland people-oriented tasks. Theymust also understand many diverse To compare existing coursesissues relating to both their area of The framework provides a benchmark against which to compare existing training and also a way tocultural heritage and to digital map various training offerings against each other. The professional who is considering undertakingcuration. Managers need training may wish to compare available training programmes to help identify which is mostunderstanding of these areas to appropriate for their needs. The framework can also be used by staff training providers to comparesuccessfully ensure projects are on existing courses and assess suitability for their own institution’s requirements.track and to advise their teams.Executives need a strategic view ofdigital curation to understand the To plan professional developmentemerging challenges in digital The framework suggests the broad range of skills and knowledge needed by professionals of variouscuration for the cultural heritage levels to successfully deliver digital curation in the cultural heritage sector. Individuals eithersector, and to make appropriate intending to enter or already working in digital curation in the cultural heritage sector may find itfunding decisions to meet these useful to map their own strengths against the framework as well as use the framework to identifychallenges. and describe areas in which they would find further training useful.The DigCurV curriculum frameworkprovides a version or ‘lens’ for eachof these three audiences.
• Understand digital preserva on • Create, manage and monitor project plans • Possess extensive digital • Know and be able to ar culate informa on- and records- and repository audit and • Possess firm knowledge of data cura on terminology, management principles cer fica on standards management requirements knowledge, & experience • Understand and be able to ar culate the benefits and long-• Be able to successfully prepare • Understand project management ac vi es • Understand fundamental term value of collec ons for an audit of cura on and innova ve prac ces digital cura on principles, • Contribute to ins tu onal policies, including criteria, for func ons and lead repository • Possess ability to make sound decisions, including lifecycles selec on / appraisal through cer fica on process based in informa on produced by project • Be knowledgeable of • Apply selec on/appraisal criteria to collec ons and train staff team designated community • Be knowledge of financial planning, cost • Be able to select appropriate • Priori se digital objects / collec ons analysis and economic sustainability technological solu ons Selec on / in terms of value to the ins tu on• Understand risk • Mo ve staff • Develop a professional Appraisal & current risk level management theory, • Create a team environment network for support • Con nuously monitor and evaluate standards, prac ce, digital cura on technologies and techniques in Project & Subject Evalua on Monitor & assess needs of digital repositories Audit and Personnel designated community cer fica on Knowledge Studies• Possess ability to Management • Know how to conduct user analysis Asses, analyse, monitor and • Understand an array of data communicate risks Project Knowledge and Informa on structures, file types, & systems• Ability to create Management and Intellectual Literacy • Possess substan al knowledge of Risk metadata standards succession planning Management Quality Assurance Abili es policy • Understand informa on seeking strategies, access technologies, & Manager Lens user data sharing behaviors• Understand: - social and ethical Ethics, Integrity • Possess ability to iden fy responsibility in digital Principles and Professional Personal malprac ce (fraud, plagiarism) cura on Sustainability Conduct Quali es • Understand what cons tutes - principles of ethical responsibility, accountability and conduct good prac ce in digital cura on - need to manage, share Communica on • Make decisions transparently and curate items ethically IPR and Responsiveness to Skills** • Plan & implement sound staff• Evaluate and treat Legal Copyright Change training and development employees fairly Requirements • Be willing to incorporate new and • Communicate across disciplines and staff levels• Understand informa on • Understand legal frameworks in which cura on • Plan and deliver dissemina on ac vi es ownership principles emerging digital cura on is taking place, e.g. data protec on, freedom of • Ability to ar culate extent of knowledge and• Be knowledgeable of copyright technologies and processes informa on, moral rights explain importance of digital cura on to peers, & IPR law for digital materials • Translate knowledge of technology • Be familiar with domain policies and standards other staff & wider public• Understand valida on and processes into new services and for management and preserva on of digital • Ability to ar culate value of collec ons to techniques to detect copyright tools for needs of designated objects peers, other staff & wider public infringement community • Understand ins tu onal policy frameworks in • Make case for funding of cura on ac vity• Incorporate rights management • Assess, extend and generate digital which digital repositories operate • Make case for prac oner training and into cura on workflows cura on models for cultural • Apply appropriate ac ons to cura on workflow development heritage and other domains
• Awareness of audit • Management and • Awareness of relevance of and need for • Awareness of informa on and records-management principles and cer fica on business con nuity digital cura on ac vity within subject • Understand and maximise benefits and long-term value of collec ons standards skills context • Understand and inform ins tu onal selec on / appraisal policies• Awareness of the • Strategic planning • Subject-specific knowledge and defini ons benefits of audit competencies • Awareness of current subject landscape • Understand value of digital • Team management (trends, people, ins tu ons) objects and risks facing objects in skills order to priori se funding of• Succession Selec on / planning cura on ac vi es. Appraisal • Respond to findings from user competencies studies construc vely in future• Risk Audit and Project Subject decision-making management Management Knowledge theory and cer fica on Evalua on • Ongoing awareness of standards technologies for digital cura on Studies• Monitoring and communica on Project Knowledge and • Awareness of diverse cura on Management and needs of data types of risks Risk Intellectual • Awareness of diverse cura on Quality Assurance Informa on Management Abili es Literacy needs of file types and systems• Understanding of social • Awareness of metadata standards and ethical responsibility in digital cura on Execu ve Lens • Informa on seeking strategies • Informa on access and sharing• Understanding of and Ethics, ability to maintain Principles & Professional Personal Integrity • Leadership in high quality adherence to principles of Sustainability Conduct Quali es standards of work ethical conduct • Responsibility and throughout ins tu onal accountability for good policies (inc. those Communica on prac ce in digital cura on affec ng cura on ac vity) IPR & Copyright Legal Responsiveness to Skills • Policy formula on to deal Requirements change with malprac ce (fraud,• Current knowledge plagiarism) on copyright and • Transparent decision- IPR policies and • Current understanding of legisla on on data making legisla on protec on, freedom of informa on and moral • Maintainiawareness of emerging developments • Responsive to staff• Awareness of need rights. in discipline, and their applicability to cura on training and development for valida on • Familiarity with domain policies and standards ac vity in the ins tu on needs techniques against for management and preserva on of digital • Understand poten al of developments in digital copyright records cura on to influence new services and tools • Cross-discipline communica on infringement • Understanding of legal framework in which • Cul va ng and maintaining rela onships with • Ability to promote relevance and value• Ability to digital repositories operate and, where other relevant sources of informa on in digital of collec ons to peers, other staff and incorporate necessary, dissemina on to senior staff cura on (individuals / services / ins tu ons) wider public effec ve rights • Ability to incorporate legal requirements into • Understanding of poten al developments in • Awareness of communica on protocols management into ins tu onal policies business models, strategic planning and • Ability to communicate across staff ins tu onal policy • Understanding of ins tu ons legal culpabili es management models in digital cura on levels at ins tu on
Next stepsiterative development of the curriculum framework and theinternational network will be specifically asked to participatein evaluation events in the near futureWorkshop in Florence (Trusted Digital Repositories and TrustedProfessionals) http://digcurvmsh2012.eventbrite.com/10th December – free!