CNZ2013 Keynote | Trust in Digital Preservation | Natalie Harrower

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Keynote address to the 2013 Czech Digital Preservation Society conference, Czech National Archives, Prague, October 1, 2013. Discusses two conceptions of trust: one that is technical, one that is about relationship-building

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CNZ2013 Keynote | Trust in Digital Preservation | Natalie Harrower

  1. 1. Dr. Natalie Harrower Manager, Education and Outreach Digital Repository of Ireland Royal Irish Academy Trust in Digital Preservation: Standards and Relationships CNZ 2013 | 1 October 2013 | National Archives of the Czech Republic
  2. 2. Who am I? DRI Presentation • Manager of Education and Outreach • Training programs • Partnership development • International networks & e-infrastructures
  3. 3. What is the Digital Repository of Ireland? DRI Presentation DRI is an interactive, national trusted digital repository for contemporary and historical, social and cultural data held by Irish institutions
  4. 4. Vision DRI Presentation • To link and preserve the rich data held by Irish institutions, providing a central internet access point and multimedia tools. • To provide an educational resource used by the public, students and scholars, • To provide preservation and access services for our stakeholders and partners. • To act as a focal point for the development of national guidelines and policy for digital preservation and access.
  5. 5. DRI Presentation • Irish government funded (HEA) • Royal Irish Academy (lead), National University of Ireland Maynooth, National University of Ireland Galway, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin Institute of Technology, National College of Art and Design • Partners: academic, cultural, social, government • Sep 2011 – Sep 2015. Initial grant €5.2M • Funding currently extended out to 2019 Funding/Consortium
  6. 6. DRI Presentation Preservation Access (use) Sharing, linking, user tools (reuse)  A trusted digital repository, and a focal point for building a digital community for cultural heritage in Ireland Services
  7. 7. DRI Presentation “A trusted digital repository is one whose mission is to provide reliable, long-term access to managed digital resources to its designated community, now and in the future” What is Trust? (TRAC)
  8. 8. DRI Presentation • “firm belief in the reliability, truth, or ability of someone or something: relations have to be built on trust” • “assured reliance on the character, ability, strength, or truth of someone or something” • “one in which confidence is placed” What is Trust? (common usage)
  9. 9. DRI Presentation • “firm belief in the reliability, truth, or ability of someone or something: relations have to be built on trust” • “assured reliance on the character, ability, strength, or truth of someone or something” • “one in which confidence is placed” What is Trust? (common usage)
  10. 10. DRI Presentation • Planning, process, auditing • Relationships, People What is Trust?
  11. 11. DRI Presentation 1. About the digital archive/repository itself 2. About the relationships that surround the practice of digital preservation Trust in Digital Preservation: Two perspectives
  12. 12. DRI Presentation 1. About the digital archive/repository itself 2. About the relationships that surround the practice of digital preservation Trust in Digital Preservation: Two perspectives
  13. 13. DRI Presentation • Reliable, long-term access to managed digital resources to its designated community, now and in the future • Must also look at entire organisation running the repository • Understand threats and risks to the system • Constant monitoring, planning and maintenance TRAC
  14. 14. DRI Presentation 1. OAIS 2. Data Seal of Approval (DANS) 3. DIN 31644: Criteria for Trustworthy Digital Archives 4. ISO 16363: Audit and certification of trustworthy digital repositories 5. European Framework Standards for Assessing Trust: Certification
  15. 15. DRI Presentation Open Archival Information System • Conceptualisation of the environment for preservation • Not an implementation/architecture 1. OAIS Reference Model
  16. 16. DRI Presentation 2. Data Seal of Approval Based on self-assessment 16 Guidelines Criteria: The Data are… • Available on the internet • Accessible • Usable • Reliable • Citable
  17. 17. DRI Presentation 4. ISO 16363 3. DIN 31644 Criteria for Trustworthy Digital Archives (34) 1. organisation 2. management of intellectual entities and their representations (digital objects) 3. infrastructure and security Audit and Certification of Trustworthy Digital Repositories (100+) • Grew out of OAIS and TRAC • Same categories as DIN
  18. 18. DRI Presentation 5. European Framework for Audit and Certification of Digital Repositories • Memorandum of Agreement July 2010 • http://www.trusteddigitalrepository.eu/ • “mechanisms to ensure that the groups can collaborate in setting up an integrated framework for auditing and certifying digital repositories” • 3 levels of increasing trustworthiness
  19. 19. DRI Presentation 5. European Framework for Audit and Certification of Digital Repositories (continued)
  20. 20. DRI Presentation Key Aspects of Trust a. Authenticity & Provenance b. Attention to Standards and Quality of data c. Formal Agreements & Procedures d. Data Security & Access Authentication
  21. 21. a. Authenticity and Provenance DRI Presentation • Bitstream • Accuracy of data • Traceable ingest and storage “It is not possible (feasible) to preserve electronic resources in the form of original unchanged content information: we have only the ability to reproduce them in the form of authentic copies thanks to the preservation of valid copies of digital components” (Maria Guercio, Sapienza, Universita di Roma)  We trust these copies to be accurate representations
  22. 22. b. Attention to Standards and Quality of data DRI Presentation • Metadata Standards • Controlled Vocabularies • “Clean” data • Interoperability • Open Source Software
  23. 23. c. Formal Agreements & Procedures DRI Presentation • Depositor & User Agreements • Copyright and Licencing • Takedown policy
  24. 24. d. Data Security & Authentication Protocols DRI Presentation • Privacy Concerns • Embargos • Logins • Format Migration
  25. 25. So far… mainly technical decisions Planning, process, auditing
  26. 26. Back to relationship building… DRI Presentation
  27. 27. DRI Presentation • “firm belief in the reliability, truth, or ability of someone or something: relations have to be built on trust” • “assured reliance on the character, ability, strength, or truth of someone or something” • “one in which confidence is placed” Back to definitions of Trust:
  28. 28. DRI Presentation Building Trust through Broader Engagement • Consult with Stakeholders • Good/Best Practices • International Networks/e-Infrastructures • Collaborative Projects • Training and Skills Development • Guidelines and Policy Development
  29. 29. DRI Presentation Consult with Stakeholders • Interviews/surveys • Requirements Gathering • Builds community of interest • Stakeholders become part of process
  30. 30. Consultation: Interviews with content holders DRI Presentation • Qualitative interviews • 40 content-holding institutions - current approaches to digital data • Launch of National Report in Oct 2012: Digital Archiving in Ireland: National Survey of the Humanities and Social Sciences • www.dri.ie/publications
  31. 31. Formats
  32. 32. Metadata
  33. 33. DRI Presentation Good/Best Practices • Not a Platonic ideal • Must address user needs • While also moving towards good practices Current Practices Good/Best Practices
  34. 34. DRI Presentation International Networks/e-Infrastructures • DARIAH • DPC – Digital Preservation Coalition • APARSEN • European Data Forum • Research Data Alliance (Dublin March 2014) • ALLEA e.g.
  35. 35. DRI Presentation International Networks/e-Infrastructures • help create good practices • places decisions in a wider context • demonstrates commitment to interoperability and wider use • exposure to cutting edge technologies, tools, decisions • helps to insure longevity of choices
  36. 36. DRI Presentation International Networks/e-Infrastructures The best use of your data is the one someone else thought of.
  37. 37. DRI Presentation Collaborative Projects • Pilots/small demos • Scale is small, benefits large • Builds partnerships and trust • Shows what can be achieved
  38. 38. DRI Presentation Collaborative Projects e.g. Linked Logainm / Location LODer
  39. 39. DRI Presentation Linked Logainm collaborative project Making LOGAINM available as Linked Data
  40. 40. DRI Presentation Training and Skills Development • Also about showing what can be done • Better skills in community = better data • Trust built through your demonstrated expertise in the area
  41. 41. DRI Presentation Guidelines and Policy Development • Shares acquired expertise • Moves community in a common direction • Greater interoperability • Drives towards good practices • Influences future choices • E.g. National Steering Committee on Open Access Statement
  42. 42. DRI Presentation Contact me! n.harrower@ria.ie @dri_ireland www.dri.ie slideshare.net/dri_ireland

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