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The Opium
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  • 1. INTRODUCTION• Opium is a narcotic formed from the latex of opium poppies , Papaver somniferum (poppy, sleep inducing)
  • 2. HISTORY• Known to the Ancient Sumerians (circa 4000 B.C.), Ancient Egyptians & The Greeks• Hippocrates (460-357 B.C.)• Known to China around the 7th century A.D• Widespread opium use in China with the introduction of tobacco in the 17th century• In 1803, the German pharmacist F. W. Serturner isolated and described the principal alkaloid in opium
  • 3. CULTIVATION
  • 4. CLASSIFICATION opium Semi synthetic •Heroin SyntheticNatural •Hydromorphone •Meperidine•Morphine •Oxymorphone •Methadone•codeine •oxycodone •Fentanyl, etc
  • 5. EXTRAXTION
  • 6. EXTRAXTION
  • 7. MORPHINE• Derived from Greek word MORHPEUS-God of Dreams• Highly potent opiate analgesic psychoactive drug• High potential for addiction tolerance and both physical and psychological dependence
  • 8. ACTION• Chemically similar to endorphins• Endorphins are produced by the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus during strenuous exercise, excitement, and orgasm
  • 9. USES• As an analgesic• Adjunct to general anesthesia• In epidural anesthesia or intrathecal analgesia• As an antitussive for severe cough• As an antidiarrheal in chronic conditions
  • 10. MORPHINISM• Diseased condition resulting from excessive use of morphine (Morphine addiction)• Dry skin, scars of healed abscess• Loss of memory, restless,• Moral deterioration, hallucination
  • 11. HEROINE
  • 12. HEROIN• Semi-synthetic opioid drug synthesized from morphine
  • 13. NDPS ACT• Cultivation production• Manufacture,• Import & Export,• Sale & Consumption,• Use etc of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances.
  • 14. PRICE & TRAFFICKING• Raw Opium: Rs 1500 approx./Gram• Heroin: Rs 4500 approx./GramBody packers An individual who ingests wrapped packets of illicit drugs such as cocaine, heroin, amphetamines, ecstasy, marijuana, or hashish to transport them.
  • 15. Beauty of poppy