Choler
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Choler

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    Choler Choler Presentation Transcript

    • Dr Hemanth S NaikMedical Research Scientist
    • INTRODUCTION• Acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated by a comma-shaped bacteria Vibrio cholerae• Deadly water borne disease• Untreated individuals may die from severe dehydration within two to three hours.
    • CAUSES• Vibrio Cholerae• Exposure from poor hygiene• Eating raw or undercooked food
    • Signs & Symptoms• Begin 1 to 3 days after infection• Abdominal cramps• Dehydration – Dry mouth – Dry skin – Excessive thirst – Sunken eyes – Low urine output – Low Blood Pressure• Watery diarrhea with a "fishy" odor• Tiredness & Unusual sleepiness
    • Sign & symptoms
    • DIAGNOSIS• Rectal swabs or from fresh stool samples.• Dark-field microscopic examination of fresh feces showing rapidly moving bacilli• All food isolates must be tested for the production of cholera enterotoxin.
    • TREATMENT• Water and electrolyte replacement therapy – “oral re- hydration salts”• Use of antibiotics
    • PREVENTION• Drink only boiled water• Avoid undercooked or raw food• Proper sanitation
    • HISTORY