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Choler
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Transcript

  • 1. Dr Hemanth S NaikMedical Research Scientist
  • 2. INTRODUCTION• Acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated by a comma-shaped bacteria Vibrio cholerae• Deadly water borne disease• Untreated individuals may die from severe dehydration within two to three hours.
  • 3. CAUSES• Vibrio Cholerae• Exposure from poor hygiene• Eating raw or undercooked food
  • 4. Signs & Symptoms• Begin 1 to 3 days after infection• Abdominal cramps• Dehydration – Dry mouth – Dry skin – Excessive thirst – Sunken eyes – Low urine output – Low Blood Pressure• Watery diarrhea with a "fishy" odor• Tiredness & Unusual sleepiness
  • 5. Sign & symptoms
  • 6. DIAGNOSIS• Rectal swabs or from fresh stool samples.• Dark-field microscopic examination of fresh feces showing rapidly moving bacilli• All food isolates must be tested for the production of cholera enterotoxin.
  • 7. TREATMENT• Water and electrolyte replacement therapy – “oral re- hydration salts”• Use of antibiotics
  • 8. PREVENTION• Drink only boiled water• Avoid undercooked or raw food• Proper sanitation
  • 9. HISTORY

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