Dr Helen Webster
Learning and Teaching in Practice.
7: Technologies to Support Learning and
This session will introduce different concepts of e-
learning or technology supported learning, evaluate some
of the tools and explore their application to different
By the end of the session you should be able to:
• Select, evaluate and justify the choice and use of
appropriate methods for teaching and learning in the
subject area and at the level of the academic
• Explore and evaluate the affordances of learning
technologies for embedding in teaching and learning
What is ‘technology-enhanced learning’?
Are we talking about…
• Using technology to enhance how we teach,
learn and assess?
• Reviewing how and what we teach, how and
what students learn, in a world which is
altered by technology?
What Learning Technologies are you familiar with?
• What learning technologies have you used?
• What others are you aware of?
• Good examples?
• Bad examples?
What’s special about e-learning?
• (Martin Weller, The Digital
So why do we often still teach as if we’re in the Middle Ages?
How does e-learning change things?
Digital, Networked, Open
• How does technology change the role of
– The teacher
– The student
– The learning environment (the classroom >
• And how do we harness this to enhance learning?
Creating digital multimedia content for your students to
consume (Web 1.0)
1. Create and edit:
• Text: (powerpoint slides, handouts, webpages, e-books
• Video: (lecture, screen cast, animation, short film of
you explaining something)
• Audio: (podcasts, audio files)
• Image: (enhanced photos, diagrams, infographics)
The Tools: Broadcast media
Why not let your students
record your teaching?
Or record it yourself
and make it available
to your students?
Or to everyone?
The Flipped Classroom
Or if that seems like hard work (and it is)….
Reuse, remix, repurpose
open education resources
Open Education Resource
The tools: participatory learning
Enabling your students to create their own content (Web
• Discussion forums
• Mashups, crowdsourcing, content curation
• Personal Learning Networks
• …and making their own broadcast media!
But does e-learning really change everything?
How do any of these tools relate to the theories and
models from yesterday?
Humanism Arising from a value-base of empowering and even
liberating the learner under the assumption that everyone
wants to learn.
Behaviourism A positivist "scientific" approach to learning focussing on
behaviour and ignoring individual characteristics and brain
involvement in learning.
Cognitivism How people understand what they are learning; people’s
aptitude and capacity to learn; different ways of learning.
The basis for ‘constructivism’.
Constructivism Learning is creating meaning from experience. New
information is linked to prior knowledge, thus mental
representations are subjective
Connectivism Learning is undertaken by the individual using rapidly
altering sources and foundations of knowledge, and the
ability to draw distinctions between important and
unimportant information is vital.
Sources, and more information: Atherton J S (2011) Learning and Teaching; Theories of Learning [On-
line: UK] retrieved 3 March 2011 from http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/theories.htm
Digital Bloom’s Taxonomy
‘Bloom’s Taxonomy’, Bloom et Al
Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy, Anderson, L (2001)
Higher Order Thinking Skills Verbs
To evaluate information
Creating Designing, constructing, planning, producing, inventing, devising, making.
Creating,modifying, extending, designing, formulating, developing, building, compiling.
To create new ideas or things
Evaluating Checking, hypothesising, critiquing, experimenting, judging, testing, detecting,
monitoring. Commenting, reviewing, moderating, predicting, determining, imagining,
To take information apart
Analysing Comparing, organising, deconstructing, attributing, outlining, finding, structuring,
integrating. Linking, validating, studying, combining, separating, categorising, detecting,
examining, inspecting, discriminating, taking apart, generalising, analyzing, scrutinising.
To use information
Applying Implementing, carrying out, using, executing. Loading, playing, editing, operating,
trying, producing a diagram, performing, making a chart, running, putting into action,
building, reporting, employing, relating, drawing, constructing, adapting.
To understand information
Interpreting, summarising, inferring, paraphrasing, classifying, comparing, explaining,
exemplifying. Searching, blogging, catagorising and tagging, commenting, relating,
experimenting, demonstrating, explaining, rewording, discussing.
To find or remember information
Recognising, listing, describing, identifying, retrieving, naming, locating, finding.
Highlighting, bookmarking, searching, telling, uncovering, listing, locating, repeating,
defining, explaining, investigating, recalling, naming, pointing to.
Lower Order Thinking Skills
Digital Bloom’s Taxonomy
For each of the levels of the taxonomy, select an
appropriate digital technology, and…
• Explain how you would integrate it into your
teaching or assessment
• Explain your rationale – how does it enhance
• Identify any barriers or metacognitive issues
Decisions: Walled garden or Big Wide World?
VLE? Open web?
• The Learning and Teaching in Practice VLE
• Anglia Learning and Teaching resources at
• Your Faculty Learning Technologist
Contact; Anglia Learning and Teaching
Call: 0845 271 2639
Author(s): Dr Helen Webster
Version: 1 (August 2013)
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